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Types of assignments

This section provides an overview of how to tailor your writing based on the type of assignment you are required to write.

note and laptop

Discover the basic structure of all essays and see what a good essay introduction and conclusion look like.

computer and a hand

Learn about the main elements of a good report and see example paragraphs from the key sections of a well written report.


Literature Reviews

See what a good literature review looks like and learn about the essential steps are for writing one.

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Annotated Bibliographies

Discover the main features of an annotated bibliography by examining real examples.

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Reflective Tasks

Develop the skill of asking appropriate questions that allow you to write reflectively as well as descriptively.

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Case Studies

Identify the differences between a case study and other types of reports, and develop the skill of analysing the essential aspects of the case.

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Learn how to do a group assessment task by understanding how to interact and communicate with others to achieve a shared goal.


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Learn how to create effective content and deliver your message in a way that engages your audience.

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Types of Assignments

Cristy Bartlett and Kate Derrington

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As discussed in the previous chapter, assignments are a common method of assessment at university. You may encounter many assignments over your years of study, yet some will look quite different from others. By recognising different types of assignments and understanding the purpose of the task, you can direct your writing skills effectively to meet task requirements. This chapter draws on the skills from the previous chapter, and extends the discussion, showing you where to aim with different types of assignments.

The chapter begins by exploring the popular essay assignment, with its two common categories, analytical and argumentative essays. It then examines assignments requiring case study responses , as often encountered in fields such as health or business. This is followed by a discussion of assignments seeking a report (such as a scientific report) and reflective writing assignments, common in nursing, education and human services. The chapter concludes with an examination of annotated bibliographies and literature reviews. The chapter also has a selection of templates and examples throughout to enhance your understanding and improve the efficacy of  your assignment writing skills.

Different Types of Written Assignments

At university, an essay is a common form of assessment. In the previous chapter Writing Assignments we discussed what was meant by showing academic writing in your assignments. It is important that you consider these aspects of structure, tone and language when writing an essay.

Components of an essay

Essays should use formal but reader friendly language and have a clear and logical structure. They must include research from credible academic sources such as peer reviewed journal articles and textbooks. This research should be referenced throughout your essay to support your ideas (See the chapter Working with Information ).

Diagram that allocates words of assignment

If you have never written an essay before, you may feel unsure about how to start.  Breaking your essay into sections and allocating words accordingly will make this process more manageable and will make planning the overall essay structure much easier.

  • An essay requires an introduction, body paragraphs and a conclusion.
  • Generally, an introduction and conclusion are approximately 10% each of the total word count.
  • The remaining words can then be divided into sections and a paragraph allowed for each area of content you need to cover.
  • Use your task and criteria sheet to decide what content needs to be in your plan

An effective essay introduction needs to inform your reader by doing four basic things:

Table 18.1 An effective essay

An effective essay body paragraph needs to:

An effective essay conclusion needs to:

Elements of essay in diagram

Common types of essays

You may be required to write different types of essays, depending on your study area and topic. Two of the most commonly used essays are analytical and argumentative .  The task analysis process discussed in the previous chapter Writing Assignments will help you determine the type of essay required. For example, if your assignment question uses task words such as analyse, examine, discuss, determine or explore, you would be writing an analytical essay . If your assignment question has task words such as argue, evaluate, justify or assess, you would be writing an argumentative essay . Despite the type of essay, your ability to analyse and think critically is important and common across genres.  

Analytical essays

Woman writing an essay

These essays usually provide some background description of the relevant theory, situation, problem, case, image, etcetera that is your topic. Being analytical requires you to look carefully at various components or sections of your topic in a methodical and logical way to create understanding.

The purpose of the analytical essay is to demonstrate your ability to examine the topic thoroughly. This requires you to go deeper than description by considering different sides of the situation, comparing and contrasting a variety of theories and the positives and negatives of the topic. Although in an analytical essay your position on the topic may be clear, it is not necessarily a requirement that you explicitly identify this with a thesis statement, as is the case with an argumentative essay. If you are unsure whether you are required to take a position, and provide a thesis statement, it is best to check with your tutor.

Argumentative essays

These essays require you to take a position on the assignment topic. This is expressed through your thesis statement in your introduction. You must then present and develop your arguments throughout the body of your assignment using logically structured paragraphs. Each of these paragraphs needs a topic sentence that relates to the thesis statement. In an argumentative essay, you must reach a conclusion based on the evidence you have presented.

Case Study Responses

Case studies are a common form of assignment in many study areas and students can underperform in this genre for a number of key reasons.

Students typically lose marks for not:

  • Relating their answer sufficiently to the case details
  • Applying critical thinking
  • Writing with clear structure
  • Using appropriate or sufficient sources
  • Using accurate referencing

When structuring your response to a case study, remember to refer to the case. Structure your paragraphs similarly to an essay paragraph structure but include examples and data from the case as additional evidence to support your points (see Figure 18.5 ). The colours in the sample paragraph below show the function of each component.

Diagram fo structure of case study

The Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA) Code of Conduct and Nursing Standards (2018) play a crucial role in determining the scope of practice for nurses and midwives. A key component discussed in the code is the provision of person-centred care and the formation of therapeutic relationships between nurses and patients (NMBA, 2018). This ensures patient safety and promotes health and wellbeing (NMBA, 2018). The standards also discuss the importance of partnership and shared decision-making in the delivery of care (NMBA, 2018, 4). Boyd and Dare (2014) argue that good communication skills are vital for building therapeutic relationships and trust between patients and care givers. This will help ensure the patient is treated with dignity and respect and improve their overall hospital experience. In the case, the therapeutic relationship with the client has been compromised in several ways. Firstly, the nurse did not conform adequately to the guidelines for seeking informed consent before performing the examination as outlined in principle 2.3 (NMBA, 2018). Although she explained the procedure, she failed to give the patient appropriate choices regarding her health care. 

Topic sentence | Explanations using paraphrased evidence including in-text references | Critical thinking (asks the so what? question to demonstrate your student voice). | Relating the theory back to the specifics of the case. The case becomes a source of examples as extra evidence to support the points you are making.

Reports are a common form of assessment at university and are also used widely in many professions. It is a common form of writing in business, government, scientific, and technical occupations.

Reports can take many different structures. A report is normally written to present information in a structured manner, which may include explaining laboratory experiments, technical information, or a business case.  Reports may be written for different audiences including clients, your manager, technical staff, or senior leadership within an organisation. The structure of reports can vary, and it is important to consider what format is required. The choice of structure will depend upon professional requirements and the ultimate aims of the report. Consider some of the options in the table below (see Table 18.2 ).

Table 18.2 Explanations of different types of reports

Reflective writing.

Reflective flower

Reflective writing is a popular method of assessment at university. It is used to help you explore feelings, experiences, opinions, events or new information to gain a clearer and deeper understanding of your learning. A reflective writing task requires more than a description or summary.  It requires you to analyse a situation, problem or experience, consider what you may have learnt and evaluate how this may impact your thinking and actions in the future. This requires critical thinking, analysis, and usually the application of good quality research, to demonstrate your understanding or learning from a situation. Essentially, reflective practice is the process of looking back on past experiences and engaging with them in a thoughtful way and drawing conclusions to inform future experiences. The reflection skills you develop at university will be vital in the workplace to assist you to use feedback for growth and continuous improvement. There are numerous models of reflective writing and you should refer to your subject guidelines for your expected format. If there is no specific framework, a simple model to help frame your thinking is What? So what? Now what?   (Rolfe et al., 2001).

Diagram of bubbles that state what, now what, so what

Table 18.3 What? So What? Now What? Explained.

Gibb's reflective cycle of decription, feelings, evauation, analysis, action plan, cocnlusion

The Gibbs’ Reflective Cycle

The Gibbs’ Cycle of reflection encourages you to consider your feelings as part of the reflective process. There are six specific steps to work through. Following this model carefully and being clear of the requirements of each stage, will help you focus your thinking and reflect more deeply. This model is popular in Health.

The 4 R’s of reflective thinking

This model (Ryan and Ryan, 2013) was designed specifically for university students engaged in experiential learning.  Experiential learning includes any ‘real-world’ activities including practice led activities, placements and internships.  Experiential learning, and the use of reflective practice to heighten this learning, is common in Creative Arts, Health and Education.

Annotated Bibliography

What is it.

An annotated bibliography is an alphabetical list of appropriate sources (books, journals or websites) on a topic, accompanied by a brief summary, evaluation and sometimes an explanation or reflection on their usefulness or relevance to your topic. Its purpose is to teach you to research carefully, evaluate sources and systematically organise your notes. An annotated bibliography may be one part of a larger assessment item or a stand-alone assessment piece. Check your task guidelines for the number of sources you are required to annotate and the word limit for each entry.

How do I know what to include?

When choosing sources for your annotated bibliography it is important to determine:

  • The topic you are investigating and if there is a specific question to answer
  • The type of sources on which you need to focus
  • Whether they are reputable and of high quality

What do I say?

Important considerations include:

  • Is the work current?
  • Is the work relevant to your topic?
  • Is the author credible/reliable?
  • Is there any author bias?
  • The strength and limitations (this may include an evaluation of research methodology).

Annnotated bibliography example

Literature Reviews

It is easy to get confused by the terminology used for literature reviews. Some tasks may be described as a systematic literature review when actually the requirement is simpler; to review the literature on the topic but do it in a systematic way. There is a distinct difference (see Table 15.4 ). As a commencing undergraduate student, it is unlikely you would be expected to complete a systematic literature review as this is a complex and more advanced research task. It is important to check with your lecturer or tutor if you are unsure of the requirements.

Table 18.4 Comparison of Literature Reviews

Generally, you are required to establish the main ideas that have been written on your chosen topic. You may also be expected to identify gaps in the research. A literature review does not summarise and evaluate each resource you find (this is what you would do in an annotated bibliography). You are expected to analyse and synthesise or organise common ideas from multiple texts into key themes which are relevant to your topic (see Figure 18.10 ). Use a table or a spreadsheet, if you know how, to organise the information you find. Record the full reference details of the sources as this will save you time later when compiling your reference list (see Table 18.5 ).

Table of themes

Overall, this chapter has provided an introduction to the types of assignments you can expect to complete at university, as well as outlined some tips and strategies with examples and templates for completing them. First, the chapter investigated essay assignments, including analytical and argumentative essays. It then examined case study assignments, followed by a discussion of the report format. Reflective writing , popular in nursing, education and human services, was also considered. Finally, the chapter briefly addressed annotated bibliographies and literature reviews. The chapter also has a selection of templates and examples throughout to enhance your understanding and improve the efficacy of your assignment writing skills.

  • Not all assignments at university are the same. Understanding the requirements of different types of assignments will assist in meeting the criteria more effectively.
  • There are many different types of assignments. Most will require an introduction, body paragraphs and a conclusion.
  • An essay should have a clear and logical structure and use formal but reader friendly language.
  • Breaking your assignment into manageable chunks makes it easier to approach.
  • Effective body paragraphs contain a topic sentence.
  • A case study structure is similar to an essay, but you must remember to provide examples from the case or scenario to demonstrate your points.
  • The type of report you may be required to write will depend on its purpose and audience. A report requires structured writing and uses headings.
  • Reflective writing is popular in many disciplines and is used to explore feelings, experiences, opinions or events to discover what learning or understanding has occurred. Reflective writing requires more than description. You need to be analytical, consider what has been learnt and evaluate the impact of this on future actions.
  • Annotated bibliographies teach you to research and evaluate sources and systematically organise your notes. They may be part of a larger assignment.
  • Literature reviews require you to look across the literature and analyse and synthesise the information you find into themes.

Gibbs, G. (1988). Learning by doing: A guide to teaching and learning methods. Further Education Unit, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford.

Rolfe, G., Freshwater, D., Jasper, M. (2001). Critical reflection in nursing and the helping professions: a user’s guide . Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Ryan, M. & Ryan, M. (2013). Theorising a model for teaching and assessing reflective learning in higher education.  Higher Education Research & Development , 32(2), 244-257. doi: 10.1080/07294360.2012.661704

Academic Success Copyright © 2021 by Cristy Bartlett and Kate Derrington is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License , except where otherwise noted.

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Types of assignment.

As you study you might be asked to submit assignments in different formats, such as essays, reports, short-answer questions, speaking assignments or a précis.

You can find out what types of assignments are expected for your module under the assessment tab on your module website. Ask your tutor if you need any clarification.

The advantage of tackling different types of assignment is that you'll have an opportunity to develop a wide range of skills. Assignments also provide evidence of your ability to communicate effectively in several ways.

Tackling new tasks such as writing a précis or report for the first time can be daunting, especially if you are new to academic study. But remember that support is available so don't hesitate to flag up any concerns with your tutor as early as possible.

There are a range of study skills booklets available to students. If you're not already signed in, sign in to see them all including Preparing assignments . 

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Gen ed writes, writing across the disciplines at harvard college.

  • Types of Assignments

Gen Ed courses transcend disciplinary boundaries in a variety of ways, so the types of writing assignments that they include also often venture outside the traditional discipline-specific essays. You may encounter a wide variety of assignment types in Gen Ed, but most can be categorized into four general types: 

  • Traditional academic assignments include the short essays or research papers most commonly associated with college-level assignments. Generally speaking, these kinds of assignments are "expository" in nature, i.e., they ask you to engage with ideas through evidence-base argument, written in formal prose. The majority of essays in Expos courses fall into this category of writing assignment types.  
  • Less traditional academic assignments include elements of engagement in academia not normally encountered by undergraduates. 
  • Traditional non-academic assignments include types of written communication that students are likely to encounter in real world situations. 
  • Less traditional non-academic assignments are those that push the boundaries of typical ‘writing’ assignments and are likely to include some kind of creative or artistic component.

Examples and Resources

Traditional academic.

For most of us, these are the most familiar types of college-level writing assignments. While they are perhaps less common in Gen Ed than in departmental courses, there are still numerous examples we could examine.

Two illustrations of common types include: 

Example 1: Short Essay  Professor Michael Sandel asks the students in his Gen Ed course on Tech Ethics to write several short essays over the course of the semester in which they make an argument in response to the course readings. Because many students will never have written a philosophy-style paper, Professor Sandel offers students a number of resources—from a guide on writing in philosophy, to sample graded essays, to a list of logical fallacies—to keep in mind. 

Example 2: Research Paper In Who Lives, Who Dies, Who Cares?, a Gen Ed course co-taught by multiple global health faculty members, students write a 12–15 page research paper on a biosocial analysis of a global health topic of their choosing for the final assignment. The assignment is broken up into two parts: (1) a proposal with annotated bibliography and (2) the final paper itself. The prompt clearly outlines the key qualities and features of a successful paper, which is especially useful for students who have not yet written a research paper in the sciences. 

Less Traditional Academic

In Gen Ed, sometimes assignments ask students to engage in academic work that, while familiar to faculty, is beyond the scope of the typical undergraduate experience. 

Here are a couple of examples from Gen Ed courses: 

Example 1: Design a conference  For the final project in her Gen Ed course, Global Feminisms, Professor Durba Mitra asks her students to imagine a dream conference  in the style of the feminist conferences they studied in class. Students are asked to imagine conference panels and events, potential speakers or exhibitions, and advertising materials. While conferences are a normal occurrence for graduate students and professors, undergraduates are much less likely to be familiar with this part of academic life, and this kind of assignment might require more specific background and instructions as part of the prompt. 

Example 2: Curate a museum exhibit In his Gen Ed class, Pyramid Schemes, Professor Peter Der Manuelian's final project offers students the option of designing a virtual museum exhibit . While exhibit curation can be a part of the academic life of an anthropologist or archaeologist, it's not often found in introductory undergraduate courses. In addition to selecting objects and creating a virtual exhibit layout, students also wrote an annotated bibliography as well as an exhibit introduction for potential visitors. 

Traditional Non-academic

One of the goals of Gen Ed is to encourage students to engage with the world around them. Sometimes writing assignments in Gen Ed directly mirror types of writing that students are likely to encounter in real-world, non-academic settings after they graduate.

The following are several examples of such assignments: 

Example 1: Policy memo In Power and Identity in the Middle East, Professor Melani Cammett assigns students a group policy memo evaluating "a major initiative aimed at promoting democracy in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA)." The assignment prompt is actually structured as a memo, providing context for students who likely lack experience with the format. It also outlines the key characteristics of a good memo, and it provides extensive advice on the process—especially important when students are working in groups. 

Example 2: Letter In Loss, Professor Kathleen Coleman asks students to write a letter of condolence . The letter has an unusual audience: a mother elephant who lost her calf. Since students may not have encountered this type of writing before, Professor Coleman also provides students with advice on process, pointing to some course readings that might be a good place to start. She also suggests a list of outside resources to help students get into the mindframe of addressing an elephant. 

Example 3: Podcast  Podcasts are becoming increasingly popular in Gen Ed classes, as they are in the real world. Though they're ultimately audio file outputs, they usually require writing and preparing a script ahead of time. For example, in Music from Earth, Professor Alex Rehding asks students to create a podcast in which they make an argument about a song studied in class. He usefully breaks up the assignments into two parts: (1) researching the song and preparing a script and (2) recording and making sonic choices about the presentation, offering students the opportunity to get feedback on the first part before moving onto the second. 

Less Traditional Non-academic

These are the types of assignments that perhaps are less obviously "writing" assignments. They usually involve an artistic or otherwise creative component, but they also often include some kind of written introduction or artist statement related to the work.

The following are several examples from recently offered Gen Ed courses: 

Example 1: Movie Professor Peter Der Manuelian offers students in his class, Pyramid Schemes, several options for the final project, one of which entails creating a 5–8 minute  iMovie making an argument about one of the themes of the course. Because relatively few students have prior experience making films, the teaching staff provide students with a written guide to making an iMovie as well as ample opportunities for tech support. In addition to preparing a script as part of the production, students also submit both an annotated bibliography and an artist’s statement. 

Example 2: Calligram In his course, Understanding Islam and Contemporary Muslim Societies, Professor Ali Asani asks students to browse through a provided list of resources about calligrams, which are an important traditional Islamic art form. Then they are required to "choose a concept or symbol associated with God in the Islamic tradition and attempt to represent it through a calligraphic design using the word Allah," in any medium they wish. Students also write a short explanation to accompany the design itself. 

Example 3: Soundscape In Music from Earth, Professor Alex Rehding has students create a soundscape . The soundscape is an audio file which involves layering sounds from different sources to create a single piece responding to an assigned question (e.g. "What sounds are characteristic of your current geographical region?"). Early on, as part of the development of the soundscape, students submit an artist's statement that explains the plan for the soundscape, the significance of the sounds, and the intention of the work. 

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Different Types of Academic Assignment and How to Get Top Marks

Assignment can be broadly defined as a piece of work or task given to a student to assess their knowledge and understanding of a particular topic and academic progress. Whilst at university, you will be tasked to complete different types of written assignment, each of which has its own features and structure. Depending on the course you are studying, you will be set different types of assignment, the most common of which are essays and reports. Nonetheless, it is also possible that you will be set other types of assignment to test your knowledge and strengthen your academic skills. We have put together a helpful guide that contains the most common types of written assignment.

  • Essays are written to answer a specific question or address a specific issue.
  • They present an argument on the basis of facts.
  • Essays are usually written in a very open manner and without headings. Their structure, however, is made up of three key elements, namely introduction, main body, and conclusion.
  • They are factual and concise in tone, written as one long prose, and usually use the active voice.
  • Essays are written for the academic community and peers.
  • Most reports involve presenting a student’s investigation, analysis, and interpretation of information, a situation, or issue.
  • Based on the produced analysis findings, a set of recommendations and proposals is provided.
  • Reports are usually composed of various sections and subsections that can vary depending on what is required from a student.
  • Reports may include a table of contents, abstract, and bullet-pointed lists.
  • They are predominantly written for an outside organisation.

Case Studies

  • A case study is an in-depth investigation of a particular situation, study, or event conducted over a given length of time.
  • They collect and present information and data to understand what has happened, as well as the reasons why it has happened.
  • Case studies tend to identify the positives and negatives of a particular situation or event.
  • Based on the analysis findings, case studies make relevant recommendations and outline how they can be implemented.
  • They link theory to real-life scenarios.
  • Case studies have numbered headings and subheadings, a table of contents, and an executive summary.


  • The main purpose of any reflective report or journal is to identify the level of your understanding and comprehension of a particular topic, situation, or experience.
  • They require you to think about your own abilities, situation, or experiences.
  • Reflections are used in order to understand what you have learnt and how this new knowledge has affected you.
  • They are written in a conversational style and first-person.
  • Reflections refer to lectures, text, and practical situations.

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Check out the free resources page on our website to help you get a better understanding of various types of written assignment, as well as the differences between them. You can also find high quality Essay examples and Report examples to help you with your academic work. Alternatively, if you are really stuck, our expert writers are ready and waiting to hear from you.

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type of assignment

  • Assignment Types

It’s not just essays – discover guidance for the type of assignment you’ve been set.

  • Newcastle University
  • Academic Skills Kit

The essay is the best-known type of assignment at university, but there are many more formats that might be set as coursework. Just as academic writing has many variations depending on your subject, the conventions of these different writing formats is also quite diverse, and some are more often found in some subjects than others. This section outlines many of the common assignment types you might be set and offers guidance on how to approach them.

Writing coursework under time constraints

Whether you’ve got a time-limited assignment or are just pushed for time with other deadlines to juggle, our guide to an effective writing process will help you get up to speed fast.

Reflective writing

Reflective writing encourages ‘metacognition’ (thinking about your own thinking) to help you engage more deeply with your learning and development. It helps you to review your progress as a learner and/or practitioner and consider how you might apply what you have learned to aid your future development.  Reflective writing has some key differences with traditional academic writing, but also some characteristics that are familiar.

There are several different types of reflective assignment, and therefore more than one way to write reflectively, including: the Critical Incident Analysis, the Reflective Report, Demonstrating Professional Attributes, Reflective Journal or Learning Log, and the Practitioner Case Study. This guide offers advice on writing reflectively in these different types.

Find out more about the different types of reflective assignment and reflective writing style.

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Writing a synopsis or summary

A synopsis is a brief summary which gives readers an overview of the main points. In an academic context, this is usually a summary of a text (a journal article, book, report etc) but in some instances you might be writing a synopsis of a talk, film or other form of presentation. A synopsis tests not just your understanding, but your ability to prioritise and highlight the main points and explain them succinctly in your own words.

Writing a synopsis

Learn how to prepare and write a synopsis assignment.

Structuring a science report

Science reports are write-ups of empirical research, where you gather, analyse and interpret data. This could be from a lab experiment, a dissertation or research project or qualitative and quantitative work in the social sciences. These reports have a very conventional structure, often known as IMRaD (Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion)

Learn how to prepare, write and structure a science report.

type of assignment

Types of assessment podcast

Our podcast series created by Eszter Racz and the Academic Skills team at Newcastle University continues with a look at different types of assessments. We talk to students about their experience of different assessment types and how they have navigated these, and the guest experts provide useful strategies to help you with a range of assessment types. 


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What are assignment types print.

Modified on: Mon, Apr 4, 2022 at 9:30 AM

Assignment Types are categories used to determine the weight of an assignment or group of assignments within a class. Typical Assignment Type categories may include Homework , Tests, Quizzes, Final Exam , etc. Each assignment type contributes a set percentage to the final grade in a class.  

The total percentage weight of an assignment type is divided by the number of assignments within that assignment type.  For example, if an assignment type of "Homework" is given a weight of 50%, and 5 homework assignments are given, each would have a weight of 10% in determining the overall class grade.

Assignment types may be designated as Extra Credit by clicking on the box next to "Make this type Extra Credit." Extra Credit displays in Blue . Indicate the weight of extra credit.  

Extra credit can only help a student's grade.  Overall grades for students who do not do extra credit are not affected.   Grade sheets with assignment types that are extra credit only will not calculate an overall grade.

type of assignment

  • From a Teacher account, click on the Assignment Types tab
  • Add the Assignment type title, such as "Homework"
  • Enter the Weight %
  • Preview the assignment types created

Note : Assignment types refers to c ategories  of assignments.   Individual   assignments are entered onto the grade sheet via the Assignments tab.  

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Home » Assignment – Types, Examples and Writing Guide

Assignment – Types, Examples and Writing Guide

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Assignment is a task given to students by a teacher or professor, usually as a means of assessing their understanding and application of course material. Assignments can take various forms, including essays, research papers, presentations, problem sets, lab reports, and more.

Assignments are typically designed to be completed outside of class time and may require independent research, critical thinking, and analysis. They are often graded and used as a significant component of a student’s overall course grade. The instructions for an assignment usually specify the goals, requirements, and deadlines for completion, and students are expected to meet these criteria to earn a good grade.

History of Assignment

The use of assignments as a tool for teaching and learning has been a part of education for centuries. Following is a brief history of the Assignment.

  • Ancient Times: Assignments such as writing exercises, recitations, and memorization tasks were used to reinforce learning.
  • Medieval Period : Universities began to develop the concept of the assignment, with students completing essays, commentaries, and translations to demonstrate their knowledge and understanding of the subject matter.
  • 19th Century : With the growth of schools and universities, assignments became more widespread and were used to assess student progress and achievement.
  • 20th Century: The rise of distance education and online learning led to the further development of assignments as an integral part of the educational process.
  • Present Day: Assignments continue to be used in a variety of educational settings and are seen as an effective way to promote student learning and assess student achievement. The nature and format of assignments continue to evolve in response to changing educational needs and technological innovations.

Types of Assignment

Here are some of the most common types of assignments:

An essay is a piece of writing that presents an argument, analysis, or interpretation of a topic or question. It usually consists of an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion.

Essay structure:

  • Introduction : introduces the topic and thesis statement
  • Body paragraphs : each paragraph presents a different argument or idea, with evidence and analysis to support it
  • Conclusion : summarizes the key points and reiterates the thesis statement

Research paper

A research paper involves gathering and analyzing information on a particular topic, and presenting the findings in a well-structured, documented paper. It usually involves conducting original research, collecting data, and presenting it in a clear, organized manner.

Research paper structure:

  • Title page : includes the title of the paper, author’s name, date, and institution
  • Abstract : summarizes the paper’s main points and conclusions
  • Introduction : provides background information on the topic and research question
  • Literature review: summarizes previous research on the topic
  • Methodology : explains how the research was conducted
  • Results : presents the findings of the research
  • Discussion : interprets the results and draws conclusions
  • Conclusion : summarizes the key findings and implications

A case study involves analyzing a real-life situation, problem or issue, and presenting a solution or recommendations based on the analysis. It often involves extensive research, data analysis, and critical thinking.

Case study structure:

  • Introduction : introduces the case study and its purpose
  • Background : provides context and background information on the case
  • Analysis : examines the key issues and problems in the case
  • Solution/recommendations: proposes solutions or recommendations based on the analysis
  • Conclusion: Summarize the key points and implications

A lab report is a scientific document that summarizes the results of a laboratory experiment or research project. It typically includes an introduction, methodology, results, discussion, and conclusion.

Lab report structure:

  • Title page : includes the title of the experiment, author’s name, date, and institution
  • Abstract : summarizes the purpose, methodology, and results of the experiment
  • Methods : explains how the experiment was conducted
  • Results : presents the findings of the experiment


A presentation involves delivering information, data or findings to an audience, often with the use of visual aids such as slides, charts, or diagrams. It requires clear communication skills, good organization, and effective use of technology.

Presentation structure:

  • Introduction : introduces the topic and purpose of the presentation
  • Body : presents the main points, findings, or data, with the help of visual aids
  • Conclusion : summarizes the key points and provides a closing statement

Creative Project

A creative project is an assignment that requires students to produce something original, such as a painting, sculpture, video, or creative writing piece. It allows students to demonstrate their creativity and artistic skills.

Creative project structure:

  • Introduction : introduces the project and its purpose
  • Body : presents the creative work, with explanations or descriptions as needed
  • Conclusion : summarizes the key elements and reflects on the creative process.

Examples of Assignments

Following are Examples of Assignment templates samples:

Essay template:

I. Introduction

  • Hook: Grab the reader’s attention with a catchy opening sentence.
  • Background: Provide some context or background information on the topic.
  • Thesis statement: State the main argument or point of your essay.

II. Body paragraphs

  • Topic sentence: Introduce the main idea or argument of the paragraph.
  • Evidence: Provide evidence or examples to support your point.
  • Analysis: Explain how the evidence supports your argument.
  • Transition: Use a transition sentence to lead into the next paragraph.

III. Conclusion

  • Restate thesis: Summarize your main argument or point.
  • Review key points: Summarize the main points you made in your essay.
  • Concluding thoughts: End with a final thought or call to action.

Research paper template:

I. Title page

  • Title: Give your paper a descriptive title.
  • Author: Include your name and institutional affiliation.
  • Date: Provide the date the paper was submitted.

II. Abstract

  • Background: Summarize the background and purpose of your research.
  • Methodology: Describe the methods you used to conduct your research.
  • Results: Summarize the main findings of your research.
  • Conclusion: Provide a brief summary of the implications and conclusions of your research.

III. Introduction

  • Background: Provide some background information on the topic.
  • Research question: State your research question or hypothesis.
  • Purpose: Explain the purpose of your research.

IV. Literature review

  • Background: Summarize previous research on the topic.
  • Gaps in research: Identify gaps or areas that need further research.

V. Methodology

  • Participants: Describe the participants in your study.
  • Procedure: Explain the procedure you used to conduct your research.
  • Measures: Describe the measures you used to collect data.

VI. Results

  • Quantitative results: Summarize the quantitative data you collected.
  • Qualitative results: Summarize the qualitative data you collected.

VII. Discussion

  • Interpretation: Interpret the results and explain what they mean.
  • Implications: Discuss the implications of your research.
  • Limitations: Identify any limitations or weaknesses of your research.

VIII. Conclusion

  • Review key points: Summarize the main points you made in your paper.

Case study template:

  • Background: Provide background information on the case.
  • Research question: State the research question or problem you are examining.
  • Purpose: Explain the purpose of the case study.

II. Analysis

  • Problem: Identify the main problem or issue in the case.
  • Factors: Describe the factors that contributed to the problem.
  • Alternative solutions: Describe potential solutions to the problem.

III. Solution/recommendations

  • Proposed solution: Describe the solution you are proposing.
  • Rationale: Explain why this solution is the best one.
  • Implementation: Describe how the solution can be implemented.

IV. Conclusion

  • Summary: Summarize the main points of your case study.

Lab report template:

  • Title: Give your report a descriptive title.
  • Date: Provide the date the report was submitted.
  • Background: Summarize the background and purpose of the experiment.
  • Methodology: Describe the methods you used to conduct the experiment.
  • Results: Summarize the main findings of the experiment.
  • Conclusion: Provide a brief summary of the implications and conclusions
  • Background: Provide some background information on the experiment.
  • Hypothesis: State your hypothesis or research question.
  • Purpose: Explain the purpose of the experiment.

IV. Materials and methods

  • Materials: List the materials and equipment used in the experiment.
  • Procedure: Describe the procedure you followed to conduct the experiment.
  • Data: Present the data you collected in tables or graphs.
  • Analysis: Analyze the data and describe the patterns or trends you observed.

VI. Discussion

  • Implications: Discuss the implications of your findings.
  • Limitations: Identify any limitations or weaknesses of the experiment.

VII. Conclusion

  • Restate hypothesis: Summarize your hypothesis or research question.
  • Review key points: Summarize the main points you made in your report.

Presentation template:

  • Attention grabber: Grab the audience’s attention with a catchy opening.
  • Purpose: Explain the purpose of your presentation.
  • Overview: Provide an overview of what you will cover in your presentation.

II. Main points

  • Main point 1: Present the first main point of your presentation.
  • Supporting details: Provide supporting details or evidence to support your point.
  • Main point 2: Present the second main point of your presentation.
  • Main point 3: Present the third main point of your presentation.
  • Summary: Summarize the main points of your presentation.
  • Call to action: End with a final thought or call to action.

Creative writing template:

  • Setting: Describe the setting of your story.
  • Characters: Introduce the main characters of your story.
  • Rising action: Introduce the conflict or problem in your story.
  • Climax: Present the most intense moment of the story.
  • Falling action: Resolve the conflict or problem in your story.
  • Resolution: Describe how the conflict or problem was resolved.
  • Final thoughts: End with a final thought or reflection on the story.

How to Write Assignment

Here is a general guide on how to write an assignment:

  • Understand the assignment prompt: Before you begin writing, make sure you understand what the assignment requires. Read the prompt carefully and make note of any specific requirements or guidelines.
  • Research and gather information: Depending on the type of assignment, you may need to do research to gather information to support your argument or points. Use credible sources such as academic journals, books, and reputable websites.
  • Organize your ideas : Once you have gathered all the necessary information, organize your ideas into a clear and logical structure. Consider creating an outline or diagram to help you visualize your ideas.
  • Write a draft: Begin writing your assignment using your organized ideas and research. Don’t worry too much about grammar or sentence structure at this point; the goal is to get your thoughts down on paper.
  • Revise and edit: After you have written a draft, revise and edit your work. Make sure your ideas are presented in a clear and concise manner, and that your sentences and paragraphs flow smoothly.
  • Proofread: Finally, proofread your work for spelling, grammar, and punctuation errors. It’s a good idea to have someone else read over your assignment as well to catch any mistakes you may have missed.
  • Submit your assignment : Once you are satisfied with your work, submit your assignment according to the instructions provided by your instructor or professor.

Applications of Assignment

Assignments have many applications across different fields and industries. Here are a few examples:

  • Education : Assignments are a common tool used in education to help students learn and demonstrate their knowledge. They can be used to assess a student’s understanding of a particular topic, to develop critical thinking skills, and to improve writing and research abilities.
  • Business : Assignments can be used in the business world to assess employee skills, to evaluate job performance, and to provide training opportunities. They can also be used to develop business plans, marketing strategies, and financial projections.
  • Journalism : Assignments are often used in journalism to produce news articles, features, and investigative reports. Journalists may be assigned to cover a particular event or topic, or to research and write a story on a specific subject.
  • Research : Assignments can be used in research to collect and analyze data, to conduct experiments, and to present findings in written or oral form. Researchers may be assigned to conduct research on a specific topic, to write a research paper, or to present their findings at a conference or seminar.
  • Government : Assignments can be used in government to develop policy proposals, to conduct research, and to analyze data. Government officials may be assigned to work on a specific project or to conduct research on a particular topic.
  • Non-profit organizations: Assignments can be used in non-profit organizations to develop fundraising strategies, to plan events, and to conduct research. Volunteers may be assigned to work on a specific project or to help with a particular task.

Purpose of Assignment

The purpose of an assignment varies depending on the context in which it is given. However, some common purposes of assignments include:

  • Assessing learning: Assignments are often used to assess a student’s understanding of a particular topic or concept. This allows educators to determine if a student has mastered the material or if they need additional support.
  • Developing skills: Assignments can be used to develop a wide range of skills, such as critical thinking, problem-solving, research, and communication. Assignments that require students to analyze and synthesize information can help to build these skills.
  • Encouraging creativity: Assignments can be designed to encourage students to be creative and think outside the box. This can help to foster innovation and original thinking.
  • Providing feedback : Assignments provide an opportunity for teachers to provide feedback to students on their progress and performance. Feedback can help students to understand where they need to improve and to develop a growth mindset.
  • Meeting learning objectives : Assignments can be designed to help students meet specific learning objectives or outcomes. For example, a writing assignment may be designed to help students improve their writing skills, while a research assignment may be designed to help students develop their research skills.

When to write Assignment

Assignments are typically given by instructors or professors as part of a course or academic program. The timing of when to write an assignment will depend on the specific requirements of the course or program, but in general, assignments should be completed within the timeframe specified by the instructor or program guidelines.

It is important to begin working on assignments as soon as possible to ensure enough time for research, writing, and revisions. Waiting until the last minute can result in rushed work and lower quality output.

It is also important to prioritize assignments based on their due dates and the amount of work required. This will help to manage time effectively and ensure that all assignments are completed on time.

In addition to assignments given by instructors or professors, there may be other situations where writing an assignment is necessary. For example, in the workplace, assignments may be given to complete a specific project or task. In these situations, it is important to establish clear deadlines and expectations to ensure that the assignment is completed on time and to a high standard.

Characteristics of Assignment

Here are some common characteristics of assignments:

  • Purpose : Assignments have a specific purpose, such as assessing knowledge or developing skills. They are designed to help students learn and achieve specific learning objectives.
  • Requirements: Assignments have specific requirements that must be met, such as a word count, format, or specific content. These requirements are usually provided by the instructor or professor.
  • Deadline: Assignments have a specific deadline for completion, which is usually set by the instructor or professor. It is important to meet the deadline to avoid penalties or lower grades.
  • Individual or group work: Assignments can be completed individually or as part of a group. Group assignments may require collaboration and communication with other group members.
  • Feedback : Assignments provide an opportunity for feedback from the instructor or professor. This feedback can help students to identify areas of improvement and to develop their skills.
  • Academic integrity: Assignments require academic integrity, which means that students must submit original work and avoid plagiarism. This includes citing sources properly and following ethical guidelines.
  • Learning outcomes : Assignments are designed to help students achieve specific learning outcomes. These outcomes are usually related to the course objectives and may include developing critical thinking skills, writing abilities, or subject-specific knowledge.

Advantages of Assignment

There are several advantages of assignment, including:

  • Helps in learning: Assignments help students to reinforce their learning and understanding of a particular topic. By completing assignments, students get to apply the concepts learned in class, which helps them to better understand and retain the information.
  • Develops critical thinking skills: Assignments often require students to think critically and analyze information in order to come up with a solution or answer. This helps to develop their critical thinking skills, which are important for success in many areas of life.
  • Encourages creativity: Assignments that require students to create something, such as a piece of writing or a project, can encourage creativity and innovation. This can help students to develop new ideas and perspectives, which can be beneficial in many areas of life.
  • Builds time-management skills: Assignments often come with deadlines, which can help students to develop time-management skills. Learning how to manage time effectively is an important skill that can help students to succeed in many areas of life.
  • Provides feedback: Assignments provide an opportunity for students to receive feedback on their work. This feedback can help students to identify areas where they need to improve and can help them to grow and develop.

Limitations of Assignment

There are also some limitations of assignments that should be considered, including:

  • Limited scope: Assignments are often limited in scope, and may not provide a comprehensive understanding of a particular topic. They may only cover a specific aspect of a topic, and may not provide a full picture of the subject matter.
  • Lack of engagement: Some assignments may not engage students in the learning process, particularly if they are repetitive or not challenging enough. This can lead to a lack of motivation and interest in the subject matter.
  • Time-consuming: Assignments can be time-consuming, particularly if they require a lot of research or writing. This can be a disadvantage for students who have other commitments, such as work or extracurricular activities.
  • Unreliable assessment: The assessment of assignments can be subjective and may not always accurately reflect a student’s understanding or abilities. The grading may be influenced by factors such as the instructor’s personal biases or the student’s writing style.
  • Lack of feedback : Although assignments can provide feedback, this feedback may not always be detailed or useful. Instructors may not have the time or resources to provide detailed feedback on every assignment, which can limit the value of the feedback that students receive.

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Types of University Assignments


Table of Contents

As high school and middle school students, we must all be aware of the assignments we were given. We must have completed various types of course material in school, but university assignments are slightly different and more difficult to complete. Assessments and exams are different for different educational endeavors. However, there are a few types of assignments that we must be aware of. You need not be concerned if you are unfamiliar with them. Allassignmenthelp.com has created this blog specifically to answer all of your questions about assignment writing in the university. You will gain a thorough understanding of the various types of assignments and how to write them efficiently as you continue reading this blog post.

“Great ability develops and reveals itself increasingly with every new assignment.” -Baltasar Gracian

Also Read: Most Useful University Degree for the Walk of Your Life

Different Types of University Assignments

There are many types of assignments you could be asked to write during your academic life. You need to have the right idea of these assignment types to write them effectively. because each of the assignments is different from the others. The students must follow all the formatting rules while writing. Being aware of the format can help the students prepare themselves in advance and score higher marks. Having little or no knowledge can get a student into trouble. If you want to escape from the trouble, then I would suggest you entirely read this blog post.

Every student should be familiar with the essay as a type of assignment. We have all written essays at some point in our lives. We enjoy writing about our best friend, my pet, and a visit to Grandma’s house, among other topics. It is a type of essay in which you must respond to a question and present your argument by citing facts to back it up. Your classmates and the academic community are likely to be the primary audience for your essay. Argumentative, expository, narrative, and descriptive essays are the four types of essays. A three-part introduction, main body, and conclusion is the standard essay format. Each component is critical and requires equal knowledge and consideration.


The introduction is the first section of an essay. The way you write your introduction determines whether or not your reader will pay attention. As a result, the writer must be well prepared before beginning to write the introduction. The most important thing to remember when writing an introduction is to keep it short and sweet. The correct use of words in a sentence is critical.

In an essay, the main body is an area where you can write all the necessary information. The main body consists of three short, big paragraphs. All these paragraphs work in a loop and are connected. The thoughts and words must be beautifully presented without making them look forced in the content.


The conclusion is the last part of the essay. In this part, the students must include all the information in a summarised way. Including questions in the last part will encourage the reader to actively read your essay.

“Personal essay writing, dialectic discourse with the self, is a process of taking ideas and crushing them like grapes to create a homemade wine.” – Kilroy J. Oldster

The conclusion is the end part of the essay. Case study assignments are very common for medical and engineering students. The purpose of writing a case study is to investigate a situation, take a look at the positives as well as negatives of something, and recommend something based on the facts shown in the case study. An executive summary and table of contents must be included in the case studies. Your audience comprises professionals, politicians, and the general public. The case study structure must have a proper beginning, a worthwhile middle, and a perfect end.

Different types of case studies

  • Collective case studies: “Collective case studies.” The name itself suggests that this represents a study of a collective group of people and communities. A single individual or a group of people can do this type of case study.
  • Descriptive case studies: Each of these case studies consists of a descriptive theory. In these, the pre-existing and pro-existing information theories are compared with each other.
  • Explanatory case studies: normal case studies with casual investigations represent an explanatory case study. It mainly deals with real-life situations by answering basic questions like what, why, and how.
  • Exploratory case studies: An exact description of the case with a clear explanation is called an exploratory case study. With these case studies, the readers have the opportunity to clearly understand everything in a detailed manner.
  • Instrumental case studies: Instrumental case studies are used when a person wants to have knowledge of a particular issue. Here, the observers understand more than the normal phenomena.
  • Intrinsic case studies: These types of case studies allow the readers to know the past and present state of the issue or thing. If an intrinsic case study is done for a patient, then the reader can know every detail of the patient’s history to draw a valuable conclusion.

Lab or practical report

A lab report or practical report is also an assignment that you have to do if you are a science, technology, mathematics, or engineering student. In this assignment, you have to explain what you have done in the lab practical and what your final opinion is on the topic. The title, abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion, conclusion, references, and appendices are the various sections of the lab report. You write it for fellow students and researchers thinking of doing the same practice.

Literature review

The most important part of the assignment is the literature review. A literature review is a type of academic paper that is very important in students’ academic careers. During this writing process, you must identify key ideas from the literature and consider current thinking. Throughout the article, the formal language of words must be used. Your target audience will be academics, researchers, and other authors. The structuralization of the literature is comprised of the introduction, main content, and discussion of results. The correct citation and source must be included. The main purpose of writing a review of an article is to criticize the data, the research methods, and the results. 

What is the use of writing a literature review?

A literature review can act as a guide for students who are searching for something on the internet. If you want to compile an assignment but are not aware of how to start, then a literature review can be quite useful. It also keeps people up to date on current events in their respective fields. It also acts as a research paper, investing in comprehensive knowledge.

Annotated bibliography

What is annotated bibliography.

An annotated bibliography is a task in which you have to find the most important items on a topic and have to assess how useful these items are about the topic. While writing an annotated bibliography, the students must write the sources in alphabetical order. Academicians, researchers, and other professionals will benefit from your annotated bibliography.

What can be included in this?

  • You can include sources that you have searched.
  • The investigating topic can also be included.
  • Research methodology can be evaluated and included.

Reflective journal

A reflective journal is one of the types of assignments that you could be asked to write at the university level. Here, you have to realize what your understanding is and have to reflect on your thinking. With that, you have to show what and how you have learned something. You are your audience in the reflective journal.

These are the types of assignments you will encounter during your academic career. I hope you find it helpful and put it to use in your writing. If you’re having trouble writing these assignments, you can pay someone to do your homework and have them written by an academic. Those expert writers can provide you with high-quality assignment papers without charging you a fortune.

Also Read: How To Get Admission To Top University Overseas From India

Guidelines for Writing Assignments

type of assignment

Know the requirements:

Before you start writing your assignment, try to understand the requirements of the assignments. Do not postpone things for later and try to clear up your doubts then and there.

Research everything before writing:

Research everything and start writing your assignment after that. Collecting and arranging the information before writing will help to write effectively.

Brainstorm and start writing:

Writing an assignment for a university requires a lot of dedication and patience. Assignment writing is a process of many steps, like drafting, revising, editing, and proofreading. Being human, we cannot dedicate ourselves to all things at a time. For that, you can allot separate time for each and work accordingly.

Getting feedback from near and dear ones:

It can be difficult to research, write, proofread, and judge it all by yourself. So, to check your completed assignment, you can get feedback from your family, friends, and relatives. Getting a third opinion has always proven to be the best. 

Divide a separate time for editing:

Editing and proofreading the content are as important as others. So the students at university must surely allot a separate time for this. If they are not aware of how to do the editing on their own, then they can pay someone to do their assignment . By seeking professional assistance, students can be confident that their assignments will be edited and proofread, resulting in higher grades.

Try to complete it within the deadline:

Some students follow each of the steps above but become drowsy at the end and fail to finish their assignments. To avoid this, students can keep a chart and adhere to it without fail. This will aid in their time management and stability.

I hope that the above-given guidelines will have helped you to write your assignments. Some students criticize themselves for what they have not done and never praise themselves for what they have done. Try never to be one of them. If you are unable to write well-to-do assignments, then always remember that no one is human and tends to make mistakes. Failure is the stepping stone to success, so learn from it and keep working again and again.

Are you in search of a “ do my assignment ” service? Then end your search here. All Assignment Help is a well-known name among students for assignment writing and services. We have years of experience in this field and have helped thousands of students with their assignments, homework, dissertations, case studies, and reflective writing. Whether you need assistance during the day or night, our professional assignment writers are always ready to help you. On our website, we have qualified experts from different fields who have expertise in providing the highest quality of writing.

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  4. Types of assignments

    Types of assignments · essays · Reports · Literature Reviews · Annotated Bibliographies · Reflective Tasks · Case Studies · Group work · group presentation

  5. Types of Assignments

    For example, if your assignment question uses task words such as analyse, examine, discuss, determine or explore, you would be writing an analytical essay. If

  6. Types of Assignments

    assignment types, always read your professor's assignment sheet for specific instructions and criteria. Type of Assignment. Assignment Description. DISCUSSION

  7. Types of assignment: Overview

    Learn the differences between essays, reports, oral languages assignments and short-answer questions.

  8. Types of Assignments

    Traditional academic assignments include the short essays or research papers most commonly associated with college-level assignments. Generally speaking, these

  9. Different Types of Academic Assignment

    Assignment is a broad used for different types of academic work. Here we outline the differences between essays, case studies, reports and coursework.

  10. What Are the Assignment Types and How to Cope With Each of Them

    Reports · Title. Depending on the report's size, the title can be either short or long. · Summary. The most important part of your papers.

  11. Assignment Types

    Assignment Types · Writing coursework under time constraints · Reflective writing · Reflective writing · More videos on YouTube · More videos on YouTube.

  12. What are Assignment Types?

    The total percentage weight of an assignment type is divided by the number of assignments within that assignment type. For example, if an

  13. Assignment

    Assignment is a task given to students by a teacher or professor, usually as a means of assessing their understanding and application of course

  14. Different types of university assignments

    Different Types of University Assignments · Essay · Case study · Lab or practical report · Literature review · Annotated bibliography.