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Overview and Background Paper on Ethiopia's Poultry Sector: Relevance for HPAI Research in Ethiopia

Alhassan Usman Bello

Anti-poverty strategy comprises of a wide range of poverty alleviation and employment generation programmes, many of which have been in operation for several years and have been strengthened to generate more employment, create productive assets, impart technical and entrepreneurial skills and raise the income level of the poor. Under these schemes, both wage employment and self-employment are provided to the people below the poverty line. In 1999-2000, various poverty alleviation and employment generation programmes are grouped under two broad categories of National Directorate of Employment and Ministry of Youths and Productivity. Funding and organisational patterns are also rationalised to achieve better impact. These programmes are primarily meant for poverty alleviation and have generally not been helpful in sustainable employment generation. From an individual’s point of view, taking up self-employment before retirement as a ‘bridge job’ may be an attractive option: older people of working age have lower re-employment probabilities conditional on being out of work, while at the same time self-employment offers considerable flexibility as to choosing hours of work. Foreseeable cuts in the generosity of public pensions as well as in other parts of social security systems may in addition create the need for older workers to tap new sources of income generation. The self-employed work longer hours and are more flexible in their hours allocation; they retire later, but also depend more on public pensions for retirement as opposed to the employed. While part of the explanation of the retirement age gap may lie in access to early retirement, the self-employed choose to retire later than employees even conditional on job characteristics and personal attributes, including measures of health, wealth and consumption levels. We find strong evidence for postponement of retirement for the self-employed being attributable to those that work the longest hours, conditional on job characteristics. This is suggestive of an individual preference effect in the sense that people deriving a very different marginal utility from work selecting into self-employment and hence wanting to work more and retire later compared to those that pursue careers as employees. A higher attachment to work for the selfemployed also becomes manifest in much longer job tenure for this group. The self-employment potentials in Agriculture been the larger employer in the World are enumerated and explained in this book and easily understood by the individual who want to establish he or her own agricultural base enterprise(s) in any nook and cranny of Nigeria.



Food as defined in Wikipedia

wubishet mekonin


bad badamasi sani mohammed

Economic Impact of poultry production

Tshering Gyeltshen

This study aimed to understand the importance of village poultry systems and explore improvement options in Bhutan. Two geogs (sub-districts)- Yoeseltse and Denchhukha under Samtse dzongkhag (district) were selected for this study. It employed a group meeting in Denchhukha and involved four key informants in each geog to understand the livelihoods and access to services and resources for the village households. Thirty-eight households in Denchhukha and 39 households in Yoeseltse were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire on poultry rearing and production. The VIPOSIM simulation model was used to test different improvement options and were compared to the base situation. Simulation was done for 12 time-steps; each time step equals to three months, which is one reproduction cycle. In Denchhukha, poultry rearing was for dual-purpose of meat and egg production. In Yoeseltse, it was mainly for eggs in Buddhist communities and for dual-purpose in Hindu communities. Chickens se...

Msc Thesis Understanding Village Poultry Systems and Exploring Improvement Options in Yoeseltse and Denchhukha Geogs, Samtse, Bhutan Author: Tshering Gyeltshen Supervisors

Eric Amenyogbe

Full proceedings .

Pragya Bhadauria

Management Practices for Diversified Poultry Production in India

Fredrick Aila

Biosecurity paper BMR 11207mar2012 1

Olayinka Aliu

ABSTRACT This study examined the economic analysis of poultry production in Kwara State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling technique was employed to select 80 poultry farmers from 480 registered poultry farmers in the state. In the first stage, four (4) Local Government Areas (LGAs) were randomly selected out of the 16 LGAs in Kwara State. The second stage involves the random selection of four wards from each LGA given a total number of 16 wards. The third stage is the random selection of 5 farmers from each of the 16 wards selected. Both primary and secondary data were used for this study. Primary data were collected with the use of structured questionnaires designed in line with the objectives of the study while secondary data were from journals, conference papers and poultry production association documents. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequency tables and percentages, inferential statistics including ordinary least squares regression analysis, farm budgetary and cost benefit ratio. The results of the study showed that 72.5% of the respondents were male, 78.7% were married. The mean age was 38.7 years and 63.8% choose poultry farming as main occupation. Analysis of costs and returns revealed that poultry production was profitable in the study area. The net farm income from layers production stood at ₦1,534,093.53 while that of broilers was ₦ 1,966,086.49 in one production cycle respectively. The regression analysis showed that the cost of day old chick, cost of labor, feed cost and cost of equipment were the significant factors affecting poultry production in the study area. They increase as the size of production increases. The regression analysis showed that the cost-of day old chicks, labor, feed and equipment were the significant factors affecting poultry production in the study area. They increase as the size of production increases. To achieve optimum output and maximum profit, poultry producers in the study area would have to stem down cost of production. Provision of technical education through extension agents would greatly help in achieving this lofty goal. Keyword: Poultry Production, Budgetary Analysis, Benefit Cost Ratio and Regression Analysis

CHAPTER ONE an economic analysis of poultry production in kwara state


minase milka

Poultry prodution

Frands Dolberg

Summary The paper describes the evolution of what is called the Bangladesh Poultry Model from the beginning in the 1970s till today on the basis of material gathered in the context of the GOB/IFAD Bangladesh Smallholder Livestock Project, implemented 1993 - 1998 and the recently formulated GOB-IFAD 'Micro Finance and Technical Support Project'. It is concluded that the poultry model

Evolution of the Poultry Model - a Pathway out of Poverty1

mahboobur Rahman


Kenesa Teferi


Dozie Onunkwo , Tobechukwu Iwuji , S. Omoikhoje

Manuscripts are invited from all over the world as long as they are original research reports on any aspect of Animal Production and Health. All authors' name in the references must be in bold lower case letters except the first letter of each surname. The surname must be followed by the initials in all cases irrespective of the number of authors. Tables and legends for figures must be typed on separate sheets. Tables must be numbered, title written in lower case letter (except the first letter) and left justified. Horizontal and vertical lines within the tables are not acceptable.


Robyn Alders , brigitte bagnol , Jenny Ifft , Emma Watkins , E. Fallou Guèye , Md Saleque , E. Guèye , P. Ankers , Frands Dolberg

2014, Decision Tools for Family Poultry Development

The Decision Tools address the situation of four distinct family poultry production systems and their development opportunities: small extensive scavenging, extensive scavenging, semi-intensive production and small-scale intensive production. They describe the poultry production systems, including their required inputs and expected outputs and the techniques and tools used to assess the operational environment, in order to design interventions suited to the local conditions. Practical technical information are provided about genetics and reproduction, feeds and feeding, poultry health, housing, marketing and value chain development, microfinance and credit, institutional development, training and extension, and creating an enabling policy. Guidance is then provided on how to utilize this relevant information to design and develop projects targeted at specific conditions.

Decision Tools for Family Poultry Development

Olanrewaju Adetola

Trainers manual poultry course

Dr. Melkamu Bezabih Yitbarek

This study was conducted to assess management practices and constraints of small-scale commercial poultry farms in and around Debre Markos, and performance evaluation of Sasso C44 broilers fed diets containing graded levels of dried blood-rumen content mixture. A cross-sectional study was carried out to assess management practices and constraints faced by small-scale commercial poultry farms using a structured questionnaire through interview, group discussion and spot observation. The data related to management practices were analysed using SPSS software Version 20. The constraints faced were ranked by the respondents and the factors were analysed following the procedure of Garrett’s ranking technique. The effect of feeding dried blood rumen content mixtures on the performance of broiler chicks was evaluated using 225 unsexed day old broiler chicks which were randomly distributed to five dietary treatment groups in a completely randomized design (CRD). Each treatment was replicated thrice with 15 birds per replicate. The experimental diets were formulated to contain 100% roasted soybean meal (RSBM)+0% dried blood rumen content mixture (DBRCM) (T1), 80% RSBM + 20% DBRCM (T2), 60% RSBM + 40% DBRCM (T3), 40% RSBM + 60% DBRCM(T4) and 20% RSBM + 80% DBRCM (T5) during the starter phase (1-28 days) and finisher phase (29-56 days) of growth. The data were analysed using SAS software Version 9.2. The result showed that there were 49 farms and the sources of the chicks were Andassa (18.3%), Ethiochick (79.6%) and Gerado (2.1%) poultry farms. The mean flock size per farm was 844.3; among which 83.3 % were Bovans brown, 5.3% Bovans white, 7.7% Koekoek and 3.7% Sasso T44. The majority (75.5%) of the producers kept egg type chicks under intensive management system in deep litter housing. About 98% of the producers used commercial feeds and offered the feed three times per day. All poultry producers provided water regularly and tap water represented 93.9% of the water source. All farms were accustomed to vaccinate their chicks more than once. More than half of the producers used biosecurity measures. About 77.6% and 65.3% of the farms had no access for rodents and predators, respectively. Cleaning and sanitizing of the house, the feeders, and waterers were done by the majority of the producers. Nearly 59.2% of the producers did run their farms by their own money. Almost 53.1% and 69.4% of the producers took training and got extension service respectively. About 85.7% of the producers recorded farm activities. However, the production was hindered by different constraints such as a high cost of feed, unavailability of feed and feed ingredients, unavailability of land, lack of market linkage and promotion, and high purchasing cost of day old chicks which ranked between 1 to 5. The results of the feeding trial revealed that the daily DMI ranged from 75.8 to 80.4g/bird during the entire experimental period. Birds in T5 had lower (P<0.05) DMI 75.8g compared with T1 (79.0g), T2 (78.9g) and T3 (80.4g). The mean daily body weight gain of birds ranged from 26.4 g to 31.6 g and no difference (P≥ 0.05) was detected among treatment groups. The feed conversion ratio (FCR) ranged from 2.5 to 2.9 and did not differ (P≥ 0.05) among treatments. The edible carcass weight and its dressing percentage ranged from 977.9 -1159.3 g and 63.1- 66.6%, respectively, with no significant differences (P≥ 0.05) observed among the treatments. The edible and nonedible offal components were similar (P≥ 0.05) among treatments. The highest (P< 0.05) and the lowest (P<0.05) total feed cost was observed for birds in T1 and T5, respectively. Birds in T4 and T5 showed the highest (P<0.05) economic efficiency and relative economic efficiency compared toT1. Based on the results obtained it could be concluded that alleviating the constraints faced and improving the existing management practices are the most imperative measures to improve small scale commercial poultry farms. Using DBRCM as a replacement for roasted soybean meal at 60% during the starter phase and at 80% during the finisher phase in Sasso C44 broiler production can reduce the cost of feed required to raise broilers to market age and maximizes the economic efficiency due to its local availability and cost effectiveness without affecting the total body weight gain, feed conversion ratio, performance index and carcass characteristics of birds. Keywords: Broilers, constraints, dried blood rumen content mixture, management practices


brigitte bagnol , P. Sasidhar , Giacomo Besi , Emma Watkins

DECISION TOOLS FOR FAMILY POULTRY DEVELOPMENT Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty

Ageze Abraham


Rajesh Mehta

India’s poultry industry represents a major success story. While agricultural production has been rising at the rate around 2 percent per annum over the past two to three decades, poultry production has been rising at the rate of around 8 percent per annum, with an annual turnover of US$ 7 500 million. This paper seeks to capture the dynamics of the industry over the more recent past. Utilizing production, price and export data from the period 1995 to 2004, the study seeks to: (a) examine the trends and features of development in Indian poultry over the last ten years or so; (b) identify forces that are driving these changes; (c) predict the structure of developments in the poultry sector, over the next ten or fifteen years and trace its consequences for income, employment, public health, environmental pollution, animal wealth, etc.; and (d) shed some light on how smallholders are likely to be affected by the ongoing structural changes, i.e. whether it will seriously undermine their competitiveness, and if so what are the options available. The analysis shows a sharp jump in India’s egg and poultry meat production. Poultry meat has outpaced its two major competitors – beef and veal, and buffalo meat. Another major development in Indian poultry production is the spread of integration, which is occurring very rapidly, especially in broiler production, both in southern and western parts of India. The forces that are sustaining this growth are many. High per capita income growth and relatively low prices have played a catalytic role. A moderate shift in the consumption pattern from vegetarianism to non-vegetarianism is also helping the industry by increasing the demand for poultry products. The future outlook for Indian poultry also appears to be very favourable. The most conservative estimates predict a two- to three-fold increase in poultry production over the next ten or fifteen years. However, a worrisome feature of the accelerated growth and the ongoing structural change seems to be its potential impact on the future of small and marginal producers. While several studies on the theme have contended that vertical coordination in agricultural supply channels helps to lower the transaction costs and market risk of smallholders, it has proved difficult to support the contention in the case of poultry. Drawing on an earlier study conducted by the first author, it is shown that contract farmers earned lower profits than non-contract farmers. In this study, we draw three alternative scenarios and trace their implications, using the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook AGLINK-COSIMO model. First, we assume that import of maize, the main feed ingredient, is liberalized. Second, we study the consequences of import liberalization of poultry meat and eggs. Third, we evaluate the consequences of an outbreak of avian influenza (AI). The complete elimination of tariff on maize will not affect India’s imports, because domestic prices (plus tariff) are less than world prices. A complete liberalization of imports of poultry meat could be disastrous for the domestic poultry industry – production would fall significantly; however, the consumer price would decline leading to increased consumption. The consequences of an outbreak of AI would be a significant decline in consumer price and the level of consumer demand. However, prices would revert to their normal trend within a year, and the level of consumer demand would return to normal within a year.

The poultry industry in India

krishna acharya

Poultry sector is an emerging industry in Nepal with two distinct pattern of poultry production-intensive and scavenging. The scavenging poultry is widely prevalent in the rural areas and nearly 45% of total poultry population comprises of native flock and 55% of poultry birds accounts of commercial poultry. In response to meet the urban demand for meat and egg, commercial poultry production is growing rapidly by more than three times in recent years (from 1985 to 2014). Poultry offers major advantages over other enterprises due to its low cost protein source, low generation interval, complementary role of poultry on other farming practices. In spite of its' potentiality, competition with human and other animal food sources, high cost of production, new disease challenges, low technical efficiency, lack of genetic improvement of economic traits of local breeds, adverse climatic condition due to climate change and unstable market for egg and meat are creating the major problem for sustainability. These constraints should be addressed with on farm research involving the middle class poultry producer along with others entrepreneurs with diversification of poultry industry, semi-intensive poultry farming , effective quarantine, adoption of low cost technology, food safety and food security with equal participation of stakeholders. Special emphasis should be given on research of locally feasible production technology, suitable poultry breeds and management. It gives new dimension towards poultry farming program in different clusters of Nepal. Moreover participatory response of poultry entrepreneur to program with priority to disease investigation, eradication and escorting poultry industry would be valuable.

Major Issues for Sustainable Poultry Sector in Nepal

brigitte bagnol , Mohamed Harun

2009, Village chickens, poverty alleviation and the …

Improving village chicken production by employing effective gender-sensitive methodologies

Jan van der Lee , J. Panda , N. Raghunathan

Good Agricultural Practices in the Indian Layer Industry; Opportunities and Challenges for Egg Powder Export

Abdulrahman Bello (DVM, MSc, PhD)

NSAP2015 Book of Proceedings.pdf

Andrew Robins

Welfare issues and approaches are compared in the following review, for all major meat chicken producing countries. In certain countries, such as the United States and Australia, the industry comprises a small number of integrated, self-regulated companies, whereas in Europe the industry is more diverse, with greater competition, and more government regulation. There is much more meat chicken welfare research and regulation in Europe, and in particular the United Kingdom, than in countries with self-regulated industries, such as the United States, even taking into account the level of meat chicken production in the relevant areas. By contrast, welfare regulation in two of the world's major meat chicken producing countries; namely Brazil and China, is negligible. Some welfare issues are regional, such as high temperatures which are particularly problematic for free range birds, breeds selected for rapid growth and when birds are removed from fully-housed systems. However, similar welfare issues affect intensively-housed birds worldwide, which comprise the majority of animals produced. These include rapid growth rates, predisposing birds to heart and leg problems, especially ascites and sudden death syndrome, and high stocking densities, which inhibit locomotion and environmental exploration, predisposing birds to contact dermatitis. Welfare research in Europe has shown that highly stocked birds spend longer sleeping, congregate around feeders and are more fearful, as well as experiencing higher ammonia levels, which irritate their eyes and respiratory systems. The review concludes that intensive systems present similar welfare issues worldwide; however, European research is more directed to the behavioural and cognitive requirements of the birds, than in self-regulated countries. This will enable their industry to respond better to future welfare requirements from consumers.

International approaches to the welfare of meat chickens

henok petros

2018, Major Causes of Chicken Mortality and Gross Pathological Study on Commercial Poultry Farms in Wolaita Sodo Town, Southern Ethiopia

A longitudinal study was conducted from November 2016 to April 2017 in Wolaita Sodo town with the aim of investigating major causes of chicken mortality and assessing clinical and gross pathological appearance of chicken disease in commercial poultry farms. Three poultry farms were selected purposively based on their willingness and accessibility. From a total of 5800 chicken followed for six months. 403 deaths were recorded, of which death due to disease ranks first by 66% and followed by mismanagement (11.2%), accident (6.9%), cannibalism (6.5%) and other miscellaneous causes (9.4%). Detail Clinical study, parasitological investigation and necropsy examination were conducted on 50 diseased chickens and those chickens revealed depression, diarrhea, ruffled feather, poor body condition and paralysis as major clinical signs. Necropsy examination also showed various gross pathological lesions on different systems with hemorrhage and focal necrosis as leading lesions in organs like; liver, small intestine, trachea, lung, spleen, skeletal muscle and bursa of fabricius. The parasitological investigation of fecal samples from those diseased chickens resulted 18 positive samples, of which 9 (18%) were Coccidia species, 5 (10%) were Ascarda galli and 4 (8%) were Hetrakis gallinarium. The findings indicate that chickens in the study area had facing various health problems which are hampering their productivity and causing mortality. Therefore, improve management aspect of the farms and further specific study on identification of etiologic agents and their management should be done.

Major Causes of Chicken Mortality and Gross Pathological Study on Commercial Poultry Farms in Wolaita Sodo Town, Southern Ethiopia

Dragana Stanley

The Role of Gastrointestinal Tract Microbiota in Chicken Productivity

Mohammad Jabbar

Scavenging Poultry for Poverty Alleviation: A review of experiences with a focus on Bangladesh

Reda E . Hamouda

Chicken Performance in the Context of Family Poultry Production System in Alsharkia Governorate Egypt

Kwamina Banson , Gobinath Muthusamy

Rapid growth in Ghana’s poultry imports revealed the weaknesses of the domestic industry in competing with imported products. Establishment of an intensive poultry system as a benchmark for examining the performance poultry production and marketing in addition to interviews with poultry stakeholders revealed the constraints in the poultry industry in Ghana. Results emphasized that Feed Conversion Rate is a major factor in reducing production cost and improving the broilers growth efficiency. The BNARI feed conversion rate for the broiler is 1.56 Kilogram of feed needed to produce 1 kg live weight compared to 2.12 kg of feed to produce 1 kg live weight by other poultry farmers engaged in the study. Feed costs represent more than 70% of the total cost of broilers production, and feed utilization efficiency, are critical for the growth rate of broilers. A major constraint is the lack of protection on the infant poultry industry by the Ghana government leading to unfair competition with cheap imported poultry products, which is 30-40 percent cheaper and undermines the growth of the local industry. Other constraints are high feed cost, high chick mortality as a result electricity power outage for brooding, feed and water contamination and consumer preference for imported poultry meat. There is still 74% demand market share to be fulfilled. The Ghana poultry industry is insecure because poultry farms are collapsing faster than new farms are being established or old farms are being expanded. There is a need for serious intervention by the government through policies and enforcements to reverse this trend.

The Import Substituted Poultry Industry; Evidence from Ghana

E. Fallou Guèye

INFPD Newsletter Vol. 15 No. 1, January–June 2005

Natalia Yakovleva

Innovation and the Food Supply Chain: a Case Study of Chicken

Shey Ndogmi Yoniwo

ABSTRACT Broiler chicken production is an important sub-sector in Cameroon contributing up to 72% of national poultry production characterized mainly by small to medium size firms, unqualified personnel and capital investment. The aim of this research was to evaluate broiler chicken housing and feeding management systems in Bambui. Primary data was collected through door to door administration of pretested questionnaire and analyzed using Microsoft Excel 2013. Results revealed that all age groups were involved in broiler chicken production with 51.7% being women. Most farmers were literates with 26.7% attending high school and above. Most farmers were operating on small scale (102±10.09 birds/farmer on average) characterized by the cage in house systems (46.7%). The average floor space was 24.82m2 ±4.71 with a stocking density of 4 birds/m2. Contrary to norms, most poultry houses faced North-South. Farms had mostly grower and adult feeders with 45% having capacities of 4 to 6kg. All farmers obtained feed from commercial suppliers with just 11.7% also providing self-formulated feed. Most farmers (41.7%) fed birds twice/day with feeding interval of 6 to 12 hours. Water was available and regular and was being offered to birds on a 6 to 12 hours interval. Quantity of feed given to broiler birds on average was 138.56g/broiler chicken/day and birds had an average weight of 4 kg and above at 8 weeks of age. Outcome shows that performance of birds were good but proper record keeping is required to carry out cost benefit analysis which will help determine the profitability of these broiler chicken farms. Keywords: broiler production, Bambui, Housing, feeding



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How to Start a Poultry Farming Business

Given Edwards

Are you tired of endlessly submitting your CV to job postings with no luck in the ever-challenging South African job market?

If so, why not tap into a business opportunity that offers not only great potential but also doesn’t require too much capital to get started?

Poultry farming is one such venture, which involves breeding and selling various bird breeds as well as their products for monetary gain.

Although it may sound like an overwhelming task at first glance, starting up a small-scale poultry farm needn’t be difficult.

With the right steps and knowledge, you can kick-start this business in no time! So what are you waiting for?

Get ready to embark on your journey towards being your own boss!

How to Start a Chicken Farm in South Africa? (10 Simple Steps)

  • Acquire Knowledge of Poultry Farming

Many South African entrepreneurs jump into poultry farming as a way to make money, but they often regret their quick decisions later on.

This is because it requires intricate knowledge of the rules and guidelines in order to be successful.

One particularly tricky aspect of the business that new owners must understand before diving in head first is the breeding of day-old chicks.

Even just one wrong move can render all the chicks dead by morning.

To set yourself up for success, it’s best to invest in relevant training courses offered by agencies or kindly consult a local farmer who will teach you the ropes for a small fee.

Through this kind of specialized training, you’ll gain practical insights about managing day-old chicks effectively and safely.

Without this kind of guidance as a novice, there is a high chance of making costly mistakes that could lead to financial ruin from your poultry venture.

  • Determine the Specific Chicken Products to Specialize In

For anyone looking to start their own poultry farming business, it is important to have a clear understanding of the breeds available.

In South Africa today, there are two main types of poultry that are often farmed: Broilers and Layers.

Broiler chickens are usually young males or females raised specifically for meat production.

They can grow from a hatch weight of 40 grams up to 1.5-2 kg in only 6 weeks.

Layer chickens, on the other hand, are hens used for commercial egg production before being killed and processed into meat products.

They start laying eggs at 18-19 weeks and continue until between 72-78 weeks of age when they enter their second egg-laying cycle (known as moulting).

Lastly, cockerels (young male chickens) also produce quality meat but take longer than broilers to reach maturity due to slower growth rates.

Cockerels can also survive in many different environments which makes them suitable for both rural and urban settings alike.

  • Identify a Suitable Location for Your Poultry Farm

Starting a poultry farm in South Africa requires a suitable farm site that is essential for the success of your venture, so it’s important to take time to properly assess potential locations.

When choosing a location, try to find an area that is far away from residential buildings since poultry farms can be quite smelly and disruptive to neighbours.

If you are unable to purchase new land, you can use existing space at your residence; but as the business expands and demand grows, be prepared to move the operation somewhere else.

An ideal spot should have minimal noise or pollution, good access roads for transporting goods and be relatively sheltered from predators.

Additionally, make sure there is easy access to clean water by either connecting with a reliable supply or installing a borehole on your land if financially feasible.

Following these steps will help ensure the long-term success of your poultry farm and give you the best chance for prosperity in this competitive industry.

  • Establish a Poultry House for Your Birds

For South African poultry farmers, A-frame chicken coops are a popular and easily constructed housing option.

These structures are created using locally sourced materials and provide a secure and safe environment for your birds as your flock expands.

If you’re looking for another housing solution, existing buildings such as sheds or outhouses on the property should be considered; however, it is essential that these buildings have ample ventilation and light sources, in addition to properly fitting wire mesh over windows and doors to protect from predators.

No matter which choice of housing is selected, keeping it clean at all times with regular cleaning and disinfection will help guard against the spread of disease while encouraging birds to remain healthy and productive.

  • Procure the Necessary Equipment for Poultry Farming

Poultry farming equipment is essential for successful poultry businesses.

Feeders, waterers, nests, ventilation systems and cages provide chickens with a safe place to eat, drink and rest.

Coops are specially designed boxes which can be used as housing while incubators provide warmth to ensure eggs will hatch.

Perches are placed above the floor of the chicken house so that birds can rest off the ground while brooders and heaters keep young chicks warm.

Waste disposal systems help farmers tackle any waste created on their farm while lighting instruments work to illuminate the area and egg trays make egg collection more efficient.

Through utilizing these various pieces of equipment, poultry farmers can ensure their birds have a healthy environment where they can feed regularly and comfortably live out their lives.

  • Purchase Starter Chicks from A Reputable Supplier

Once you’ve finalized your poultry house, purchased the necessary equipment and have done your research regarding poultry breeds, it’s time to begin stocking your farm with chicks.

For a beginner with no prior experience in this field, it is important to start small and stock less than 550 chicks.

When selecting the chickens, make sure they come from a reputable breeder and are free of any malnourishment or health issues.

Before adding the chicks to the farm, make sure you have prepared an appropriate brooder for them so that their needs can be met throughout each stage of development.

Doing ample research before raising these birds will ensure the success of your poultry farming journey.

  • Hire Skilled Workers for Your Poultry Farm

Hiring a worker for your poultry farm is an important decisionᅳone that can have long-lasting implications for your business.

Depending on why you need a worker, there are three main reasons to bring someone on board: inexperience, lack of time, and increased production demands.

If you’re inexperienced and new to the industry, hiring an experienced farmer or consultant could be the best way to get the knowledge you need to eventually become independent.

If instead you simply don’t have enough time in the day to manage your small farm with 500 birds or fewer, then bringing on some help is certainly an option worth considering.

And finally, if you’re a large-scale farmer looking to expand the operations of your poultry business then hiring more workers may be necessary.

No matter which reason motivates you to hire help, it’s critical that whoever comes on board brings value and experience in managing poultry farms while keeping costs as low as possible.

With proper planning and dedication, it’s possible for even novice farmers with limited resources to make their successful foray into the world of poultry farmingᅳjust take it one step at a time!

  • Provide Adequate Nutrition for Your Chicks

Feeding is integral to poultry farming and makes up the bulk of operational costs, accounting for around 75% of production.

Farmers can choose from two options when purchasing feed: commercially-processed feed or DIY mixes made with ingredients like grains and mealworms sourced from the market.

When just starting out in this business, it’s wise to opt for ready-made feeds as it allows farmers to familiarize themselves with their birds’ natural feeding habits before preparing their own blends.

But beware–different types of poultry require distinct diets tailored to their age and nutritional needs.

Choosing the right type of feed ensures that your birds will remain healthy and happy, ultimately guaranteeing a successful poultry farming venture.

  • Implement a Comprehensive Poultry Health Management Plan

Poultry farms are incredibly delicate environments, as there is a multitude of unusual reasons that can lead to high mortality rates.

The key to success in the poultry business is proper health management.

To stay ahead of chicken diseases and other issues, you must vaccinate your birds at the right time against various conditions such as Gumboro, Newcastle disease, fowl pox and Coccidiosis.

Additionally, ensure that your birds have access to clean water and the farm remains hygienic at all times.

It is important to also keep a sufficient supply of vaccines and medicines available whenever you may need them- ‘prevention is better than cure’ after all!

By taking these small steps towards proper health management of your farm’s birds can help guarantee long-term success in the poultry industry.

  • Promote and Sell Your Poultry Products to The Market

Having a thorough marketing plan is essential to ensuring success when starting a poultry farming business.

Before launching, it’s important to research the feasibility and profitability of the venture in your planned location by conducting a market analysis.

A good plan will determine which types of products you should focus on producing: eggs or meat – and then outline an effective approach for selling these items.

You’ll want to consider all potential customer sources, ranging from local restaurants and grocery stores to traditional production contracts as well as leveraging social media networks.

Once identified, you should collect contact information for each potential buyer so that they can be notified when products become available.

Learning how to use social media effectively is key to driving sales and building a long-term successful operation.

With an understanding of what resources are available and how best to utilize them, any aspiring farmer can create an attractive business model for their poultry farm and pave the way for future growth.

How to Start a Poultry Farm in South Africa? FAQs

How much does it cost to start a poultry farm in south africa.

Starting a poultry farm in South Africa can cost anywhere from R20,000 to R50,000. It all depends on the size of the operation and what type of birds you plan on rearing.

Some of the things that may contribute to costs include purchasing chicks and/or eggs, feeders and drinkers, housing for birds such as chicken coops or aviaries, equipment for egg handling and collection, labour costs for cleaning and maintenance, veterinary fees for vaccines and health checks, heating systems (if necessary during cold months), water supply infrastructure etc.

You will also need to arrange an electricity connection if your current one is not good enough.

There are financial costs associated with registering your business with tax authorities or acquiring permits from local authorities check out before commencing operations.

How Many Chickens Do You Need to Start a Farm?

Generally speaking, most small farms start with between 10-20 chickens. If you are operating a commercial egg-producing operation or an organic poultry business that sells meat to consumers, then larger numbers may be necessary for optimal production levels.

In this case, consider starting with at least 100 birds (50 laying hens and 50 broilers). If you plan on keeping rare breeds of chickens or exotic show birds, then fewer animals might suffice.

It is also essential to keep in mind other aspects such as housing costs and space requirements when deciding how many chickens to start off with – particularly if they will be free-range birds that require large areas for roaming around in.

A good rule would be one square meter per bird; so five square meters would comfortably house five chickens!

Where Can I Get Funding for Poultry Farming in South Africa?

SAPA is an excellent source of support and subsidies in the form of grants and loans that are made available to those interested in poultry farming.

SAPA also provides technical advice, training on modern farming techniques, as well as marketing advice and access to market outlets.

The organisation’s aim is to assist commercial farmers, backyard enthusiasts and small-scale entrepreneurs who wish to be involved in poultry production.

How Many Acres Do You Need for 200 Chickens?

Generally speaking, a minimum of 2 acres per 200 chickens is recommended in order to provide enough space for them and their associated infrastructure such as feeders, drinkers, shelters and runs.

Additionally, factors such as whether they are being kept in an outdoor or indoor environment will also influence the size of land required – outdoor flocks will potentially require more acreage than those that are housed indoors due to additional fencing requirements and increased space for roaming around.

If there’s ample grazing available then fewer acres might be necessary; it’s estimated that 1-1½ acres could suffice depending on the grazing area conditions.

How to Start a Chicken Farm in South Africa?

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Poultry Farming Business Plan

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We’ll walk you through a sample chicken farming business plan so you can start writing yours right now with Upmetrics .

A business plan outlines your five-year growth strategy and a current picture of your poultry farm. It outlines your company’s objectives and your plan for achieving them.

Download the sample poultry farming business plan and get started with your business.

How to Write a Poultry Business Plan?

You need a business plan if you want to start a chicken farm or grow your existing one. We will go over each section of a detailed business plan for a chicken-raising company.

Poultry Farming Business Plan Outline

This is the typical structure for a business plan for a poultry farm, and it includes all the key elements that you should have in your plan.

Business Plan Outline

Mission statement.

  • Keys to success
  • Location and Facilities
  • Industry Analysis
  • Challenges facing the poultry industry
  • Market segmentation
  • Target market segment strategy
  • Market trends
  • Startup costs
  • Product Description
  • Future products
  • Service Description
  • Future services
  • Competition
  • Competitive edge
  • Marketing strategy
  • Pricing and promotion strategy
  • Web Strategy
  • Sales strategy
  • SWOT analysis
  • Socio-cultural
  • Technological
  • Management team
  • Faustin Hategekimana
  • Aisha Alimi
  • Khadijah Khalid
  • Asmau Abubakar
  • Eric Hagenimana
  • Lawal Nura Bada
  • Hiring Plan
  • Projected Profit and Loss
  • Projected Cash Flow
  • Projected Balance Sheet
  • Financial risks
  • Health risks
  • Technological risks

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poultry farming business plan in tanzania

Executive Summary

Although it is typically the last piece you write because it summarises each important element of your poultry farm business plan , your executive summary serves as an introduction to your business plan.

The investor’s attention should be quickly captured by your executive summary. Inform them of the type of poultry farm you manage and its current condition.

For instance, do you operate poultry farm businesses across the country, are you just starting, or do you already have one and want to grow it?

Poultry Farm Business Plan mission statement marketing strategy

Keys To Success

Financial summary.

Projected costs at the moment, or in the upcoming five years, mention them all. Attach all the financial statements.

  • Net Income: The profitability indicator is known as net income and is calculated by subtracting total business expenses, interest costs, taxes, and depreciation from the total money your company generated over a given time.

Business Overview

Your business overview’s opening line should serve as a kind of elevator pitch for your organization. A succinct statement outlining who you are and what you do.

Name all the owners and the part of their roles they will be playing in your firm. If you are confused, then to get the exact idea about how to write it download our sample chicken farming business plan template

Describe the location in your  chicken business plan , and also what facilities you are going to provide.

Market Analysis

You must give a general summary of the poultry farm industry in your industry analysis as given in our poultry farm business plan template.

Although it may appear unneeded, this provides several functions.

You gain knowledge by researching the poultry farm sector. It helps you gain a better understanding of the field in which you work.

Your plan can be improved with the help of market research, particularly if you discover market trends.

Define your target industry and all the challenges possible in your broiler chicken farming business plan.

Startup Summary

A start-up summary in a business plan includes a description of your goods and services, the organization of your company, your target market, your marketing approach, the necessary funding financial predictions, and licensing requirements.

It functions as a road plan for your company.

Products And Services

Give details about the products and services you provide in this section. Whatever your future plans for all the services and products are, mention them too.

If there are any additional services you want to provide, then mention them too in your poultry farm business plan. For instance, “We want to offer home delivery as a manner of providing for our customers for clients willing to purchase at least a specified quantity of our things.”

Competitive Analysis

Before focusing on the latter, your competitive analysis should list your company’s direct and indirect competitors.

The other poultry farms with whom you compete should be listed in terms of direct competition. You’ll likely face the most competition from nearby poultry farms.

List the benefits and drawbacks of each of these rival companies in a concise description. If you haven’t previously worked there, it won’t be possible for you to know everything about your competitors’ businesses.

Your areas of competitive advantage should be listed as the last component of your competitive analysis. For instance:

  • Will you employ better production techniques?
  • Will you offer services that aren’t offered by your rivals?
  • Will your customer service improve?
  • Will you provide lower prices?

Consider strategies to beat the competition and list them in this portion of your  poultry farm business plan template.

Market Strategy And Implementation

Your marketing team has a roadmap thanks to a marketing implementation in your  chicken farming business plan. It also demonstrates how marketing will appear in the future.

In essence, a marketing implementation strategy uses methods like marketing processes, sprints, checklists, and marketing templates to transform everything into a clear process.

Do the SWOT analysis here, and share your sales strategy, pricing & promotion strategy in this section.

Download the template and get started with your business plan-making process.

Management And Organization Structure

A solid management staff is crucial to proving the viability of your poultry farm.

Highlight the information and experience that show your key players’ ability to grow a business and draw attention to their backgrounds.

You and/or your team members should ideally have first-hand knowledge of running a chicken farm. If so, emphasize your experience and knowledge in the  broiler farming business plan.

Highlight any experience you believe will assist your firm in succeeding.

Financial Plan

Financial Summary

Your 5-year financial statement, broken down into monthly or quarterly segments for the first year and then annually after that, should be included in your financial plan.

Your cash flow, balance sheet, and income statement are all components of your financial statements.

Risk Assessment

Through the process of risk assessment, it is possible to examine potential consequences if a risk arises.

A business impact analysis (BIA) is a technique for evaluating the effects of potentially interrupting time-sensitive or important company processes. There are various risks to take into account, here below are some:

Include all of your financial estimates in the appendix of your  poultry farm business plan template , along with any additional materials that can strengthen your case.

You may, for instance, provide the lease or title to your farm, as well as the production facility’s plans.

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Download a sample poultry farm business plan

Need help writing your business plan from scratch? Here you go;  download our free poultry farming business plan pdf  to start.

It’s a modern business plan template specifically designed for your poultry farm business. Use the example business plan as a guide for writing your own.

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Chicken Farming Business Plan For Beginners

How to start poultry farming business – chicken farming business plan for beginners.

If you are interested in being a poultry farmer, you must want to know how to start a poultry farming business for beginners, this article tell you the chicken farming business plan which could be helpful for you.

Why to Start Poultry Farming Business Plan

A Poultry farming business can be called one of the most lucrative in the world if it is managed properly. The poultry farmers now we have are not enough that’s why chicken farming business has become so much profitable. It has become the finest opportunity of making a good amount of money in a short period of time. This article will focus on the process of poultry farming, the process of poultry from small farm and how to make it a big one.

1. Fast Reproduction and Large in Numbers

A healthy layer chicken almost lays an egg every day or 4 eggs in a week sometimes it lays 7 eggs in a week too, these all depends on the quality of your birds. Some birds can lay 325 eggs in a year. And it takes 21 days to hatch. Technically this means that a layer chicken is able to produce another layer twice in three days. So, if you have 500 healthy California white birds they are capable of giving you 12,000 chicks within 40 days.

2. A Fast Growth Rate

The most interesting thing about the poultry is its high growth rate. It takes about 21 days when the eggs are hatched. After their birth it takes about 27 to 28 weeks when they are fully ready for the market. That means a poultry farmer starts earning his income in just 31 weeks after he has successfully started his poultry farming business. According to the calculation he will be able to double his income in a year. However there are some uncertainties in this business, mortality and diseases are some of them but it can be reduced by taking proper managements and vaccination.

3. Sales at a Very Profitable Price

The market price of a bird is not so low you can a good profit from it. The price of a fully grown healthy chicken is about 10 to 11 dollar in the market. So if you are the one who produce 12,000 chickens in 40 days in his farm, you obviously are making 120,000 dollar when they are sold completely.

4. The Egg Market is Also Large

The poultry egg market is also good and very profitable. With the meat business, the poultry eggs are another source of good profit. You can earn about 2 to 3 dollar for each crate of smaller eggs and 3-4 for bigger one. Every crate has 30 eggs. So if you have 500 layers in your farm and they lays 12,000 eggs in a month and if you want to sell all of them then you are making 1,500 dollar per month.

Before Starting Your Poultry Farming Business Plan

Before you start your chicken farm business, you have to make a poultry farming business plan, it is very important for all types of business. A business plan is like a road map which tells you where you are going with your business. A business plan will tell you at which point you are now in your business. Your poultry farming business plan should include the following points.

1. Select The Type of Poultry Bird

The first step of starting a poultry business is the selection of bird type. Here you will choose the type of birds is that layer chicken or broiler. You can choose any of them it totally up to you. There are some other types of birds that you can bring in your consideration. They are the duck, goose, turkey etc.

2. Select The Cage Type of Your Poultry

Another important factor consider before baking the final plan of your chicken farm is to select the chicken cage type and size. Maybe you are thinking that, this is not that much necessary to think before starting the business, but believe it actually is. Estimating over your cost over the chicken cages will affect both positively and negatively on your entire poultry business plan. So go through the cage type on our website and choose the best type of cages you need.

3. Sort out The Area of Interest

You can’t start poultry business without a goal. You have to choose a path where you want to flow your business. This will concentrate your focus in one point and will ensure higher level of professionalism but if you want to work with two areas then no problem. Here are some niches of poultry farming.

  • Layer Chicken Breeding : These are mainly used for egg production.
  • Broiler Breeding : It is used for chicken meat production.
  • Hatchery : Is for hatching new chicks.
  • Poultry feed : It produce feeds for other poultry farms.

You can choose any of them. You can choose breed layer and broiler together if you want to.

4. Specify Poultry Location

Another important sector of poultry farming is choosing the location where you will set up for your business. It has a direct impact with the start up cost. My preferable place for a poultry farm is a rural area with a road nearby. This will reduce your cost of land and labor. When you start your poultry farming business you may not want to spend all of your money for a land in urban area. There are some other difficulties in urban area with poultry farming. Govt. will not allow you to make a farm in a residential area for health issue. So it is better to select a perfect land for your business in a rural area.

5. Investment Capital

After you have specified your location now you know how much capital you are required to start your chicken farming business plan. Write down all of your capital you need and manage the source where to get manage it.

Like every business the bigger your business plan the bigger you have to invest. You have to decide how much capital you can afford for this business.

Poultry Farming Business Plan – How to Get Going?

You have all of your business plans ready but if you don’t apply it then all are useless. We consider you have your capital ready if you have that then start for the next steps.

Step 1: Buy The Land

Like we suggested you earlier you have to choose a land which is a remote place from city. But remember don’t choose any place which is too far from the city and which don’t have any well transportation system.

Step 2: Build The Required Structure

A good housing system is very important for your poultry farming business. A good housing system not only save your chickens from danger but also increase your profit in poultry business. Every poultry housing systems are classified according to the management system, scale and the use. The common types of poultry housing systems used are

  • Half litter
  • Deep litter

Step 3: Buy Cages

Purchasing chicken cages is a very important part of the business as many of the affecting factors directly depends on the size, orientation, strength and layout of the chicken cage. Make proper measurements and analyze your poultry size and budget before buying the chicken cage. Here are the available chicken cages we offer – layer chicken cage (battery cage) , baby chick cage , broiler cage , commercial quail cages and commercial rabbit cages , etc.Hightop Poultry Equipmentis one of the leading chicken cage and poultry farm equipment manufacturer in China,contact usnow to get the free layout design according to your chicken house and birds quantity.

We have got another article in this blog describing the usage and utility of each of the cage types and surely that will help you to choose the best fit of your poultry.

Step 4: Buy Birds/Chicks

It is perfect decision to choose day old chick to start your poultry business. Before you buy these chicks find a reliable Hatchery where you can get healthy chicks. It will not cost you too much.

Step 5: Other Items and Accessories You Need

There are some otherpoultry cage accessorieslikedrinkers,feeders, Parches, crates, nests,lighting system,egg incubator,waste disposal system, etc.

You have to consider these costs too. And as an eventual part of plan, we also provide you the best poultry farm equipment like –Automatic egg collector,automatic feeding system,automatic manure removal machine,disinfectant fogging machineand cooling system, etc. in a very affordable price and top quality.

Challenges in Poultry Business Startup

Poultry farming is one of the most profitable business in these days. But you have to know the risk of this business. Though there are no businesses which are beyond risk and challenges.

1. Lack of Government Support

From our previous experiences we all may think that govt. will help us at our critical time in this business. But don’t be sure about it. Prepare yourself that govt. will not help when you need them. Think that you have to run your business alone without the help of any one. Take a backup for sudden loss. It may help you to run your business properly and if you get help from the govt. think that it is a bonus.

2. A Very High Starting Capital

It is said money is everything. So without a proper funding you will not be able to run your business. Like other business, poultry farming business also needs proper funding. Without it you may not be able to add extra facilities which will increase your production rate.

You need proper funding to purchase land, poultry farm equipment, food for your chick and you need to pay your labor. In all sector you need a good capital. So you should do a research on your cost and capital you have then you should start your poultry farm business. We can provide you the poultry cage and chicken farm equipment with good price, help you to save money.

3. Disease Out Breaking

A dirty environment in your firm will invite many diseases and infections. Poultry are very sensitive to the environmental changes. If the poultry farm is not taken care of properly the birds will easily be exposed to different kinds of bacteria. You have to keep your poultry farm clean as much as possible. Automatic manure cleaning system,disinfectant fogging machineandventilating systemcan help you.

You must not bring any contaminated equipment, footwear or even vehicles. Also do not allow any visitors in your poultry farm environment.

4. Other Influencing Factors

There are some other factors that can affect your poultry farming business like proper vaccination. You have to be able to afford it may become difficult for you if you are a small scale poultry farmer. So the thing you have to do is gather some other farmers like you and buy the vaccine.

Another challenge in poultry farming is the high cost of poultry food. So it is seen that most of the farmers who have a little capital, economize or ration the food. It affects the profit in a large scale.

Want to buy chicken cage and poultry farm equipment to start your own poultry farming business? Please feel free to contact us.

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