Get the mobile app for the best Kahoot! experience!

Eilert Hanoa Avatar

Back to blog

Kahoot! stands with Ukraine

Kahoot! is committed to supporting Ukrainian educators and learners affected by the current crisis. To protect the integrity of our platform and our users, we will suspend offering Kahoot!’s services in Russia, with the exception of self-study.

college student career planning

Ukrainian educators and learners need our support

We are deeply troubled and concerned by the violence and loss of life resulting from the Russian invasion of Ukraine. We stand with the people of Ukraine and we hope for the swiftest and most peaceful possible end to the current crisis. 

Kahoot! has received a number of requests from schools and educators in Ukraine requesting the help of our services to continue teaching despite the disruption of the war. We have supported each of these and we are now offering Kahoot! EDU solutions for free for both K-12 and higher education institutions for one year to Ukrainian schools in need. In addition, we are fast-tracking translation and localization of the Kahoot! platform into Ukrainian. 

Suspending commercial services and sales in Russia

Our commercial footprint in the Russian market is very limited. We do not have offices or representation in the country, nor do we have any physical operations or data services there. The overwhelming majority of our users in Russia are teachers and students using our free service.

Kahoot! is abiding by the international sanctions regime, and does not allow sales to sanctioned individuals or entities in Russia. Shortly after the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Kahoot! initiated a process to suspend offering of all commercial services in Russia. This includes but is not limited to online sales, assisted sales, app store sales and prohibiting sales to Russian corporations and organizations.

Prioritizing safe and secure use of the Kahoot! platform

As part of our mission to make learning awesome, and as education remains a fundamental human right, we offer teachers, students and personal users free access to our platform. We do this in more than 200 countries and regions in a spirit similar to public commons services, such as Wikipedia. 

Similarly, inclusivity is one of Kahoot!’s overarching values. As such, our aim is to, whenever and wherever possible, offer children, schools and others the opportunity to use digital tools for impactful education and learning, irrespective of their background or location. This has been our guiding principle also for offering our service in Russia.

Among our first responses to the crisis was to swiftly expand our global moderation team’s monitoring on all Russia-related content to safeguard the integrity of the platform. 

However, as the situation continues to escalate, it is vital that we are able to ensure that our platform is used according to our own guidelines and standards. Therefore, in addition to suspending sales, we will be taking all possible and necessary steps to suspend access to Kahoot! services in Russia, with the eventual exception of self-study mode which will feature only content verified by Kahoot!.

This will enable students, school children and other individual users to continue their learning journeys both safely and responsibly. We will continue to assess ways in which our services can be offered safely and responsibly to support all learners and educators, also those based in Russia. 

Supporting our employees 

At Kahoot!, we are not just a team in name, we are a team in practice. As such, we are committed to the well-being of our employees, especially those with ties to Ukraine, or those that in other ways are particularly affected by the war. We are providing these colleagues with any support we can. 

Acknowledging the current situation, the Kahoot! Group made an emergency aid donation to Save the Children and the Norwegian Refugee Council. This is a contribution to support life-saving assistance and protection for innocent Ukrainian children, families and refugees. 

As the situation in Ukraine continues to develop our teams across the company are actively monitoring the crisis so that we can respond in the most responsible and supportive way possible. 

Our hearts go out to the people of Ukraine, their loved ones, and anyone affected by this crisis. 

Related articles

college student career planning

Ⓡ on Kahoot!"> Help students navigate their path after high school with College Boar...

Inspire and guide students on the path to college and career success with this new collection of ready-to-use kahoots from BigFuture, now available for...

Turn PDFs into engaging content formats for awesome employee training courses or internal communication with AI assisted course creator in Kahoot!

story content format"> Bring employee training courses to life faster with AI in Kahoot! Tur...

Discover how to build engaging, self-paced training for employees in minutes and make knowledge stick, with Kahoot!’s new content formats and AI-powered innovations.


Teacher Takeover: A knowledge rich curriculum with Kahoot!

From planning to presentation, Kahoot! tools help to build a foundation for digital citizenship and technology literacy.

Career Research


Custom Writing Services

College student career development.

College Student Career Development

College Major and Career Choice

Some students enter college with clearly defined academic and career goals that do not change over their college years. However, many students find that college promotes self-exploration, and many individuals begin to gain specific information about the world of work during the college years. Just as the average adult changes jobs and even career fields multiple times, the average college student changes majors at least one time. Changing majors and/or career goals is a positive event for many students who discover new areas they believe will be highly satisfying. On the other hand, because changing majors may result in delayed graduation, deciding on a satisfying major early can be beneficial. Deciding on a major with which the student will be satisfied represents an early challenge.

The process of deciding on a major differs from student to student. Some students first decide on a career and then seek an academic major that will help prepare them for that career. For example, a college student who wants to become a physician may choose to major in biology. Other students first decide on a major on the basis of their interests or skills and then seek a career for which they are prepared. As an example, a student may major in history because he or she has enjoyed an introductory history course and then search for specific careers or jobs for which a history degree is beneficial.

Students’ decisions about majors and careers are often made on the basis of their interests and their perceptions that the major and/or career will allow them to satisfy their interests. The trait-and-factor approach to career decision making suggests that individuals seek activities that allow them to express their interests and personalities. With respect to choosing a major, for example, a student who enjoys artistic expression would be most likely to choose a major such as dance, creative writing, or theater.

Students also choose a major and career goals on the basis of their expectations about being able to succeed in the field and their expectations of having positive consequences associated with choosing that field. Self-efficacy refers to a student’s appraisal of his or her likelihood of success. A young woman who doubts her ability to succeed in college math classes, even if she has very good math skills, is considered to have low mathematics self-efficacy, and accordingly, she may be less likely to major in mathematics. Students also make choices on the basis of their beliefs that choosing a given major or career goal will result in positive outcomes, a concept referred to as outcome expectations. If becoming an engineer would present benefits in terms of approval from others, for example, then a student would be more likely to choose engineering as a major.

Other influences on a college student’s career development include family members, who can have both positive and negative influences. Some students perceive their family members as exerting pressure to pursue particular college majors or careers. As a result, they feel free to choose only from a restricted range of possible majors or careers. Other students perceive their family members as providing support and validation for their decisions and therefore experience greater perceived freedom to pursue goals they believe will lead to satisfaction.

A variety of role models, including influential teachers, academic advisors, and even famous people the student does not know personally, can also influence a student’s career decision making by increasing his or her awareness of possible careers and what is involved in attaining them. For example, suppose a memorable grade school teacher has inspired a college student to become an education major. If the student talks to the teacher about how she advanced in her career, the student may learn important information about what it takes to be a successful teacher.

The process of choosing a major and career is also influenced by culture. The socialization of gender roles in Western cultures is such that boys are often encouraged to pursue activities that involve action, whereas girls are encouraged to pursue activities that involve affiliation. For example, in high school, girls may not be reinforced for achievements in science and math classes, and boys may not be reinforced when they show interest in cooking or caring for youngsters. These influences continue into college, and this may explain why men are less likely to choose a careers in nursing and women are less likely to pursue careers in science, engineering, and technology. Students of color; gay, lesbian, and bisexual students; students with physical disabilities; and nontraditional-age college students may experience additional challenges that affect career decisions made during college. For example, students of color in a predominantly White university may find it difficult to find similar role models from whom they can gather career information that resonates with them. Nontraditional-age college students, as well as some younger students, experience challenges managing multiple roles, such as those of student and worker or student and parent. Multiple-role conflict may also affect students who are not yet parents or spouses but anticipate having families in the future and are trying to select career goals they believe will be compatible with other roles they want to pursue in life.

Some college students simply do not know of majors or careers they would like to pursue. This state of being uncertain about career goals is referred to as career indecision. On the other hand, some students are certain that they have chosen an academic or career path that will lead to satisfying learning experiences and employment. The extent to which students have decided on a career is known as career decidedness. Many students experience career indecision at one time or another, so in many respects, this is a normal part of the career development process. However, a prolonged period of career indecision is problematic because for many students, being undecided about a career or college major not only delays entry into a field of study but is also associated with psychological distress.

There are many potential reasons why a student may experience career indecision. Some students have difficulty making decisions in many areas of life, perhaps because they believe that it is important to make perfect choices and that choices are irreversible. For other students, the source of career indecision may be low career decision self-efficacy (i.e., confidence in one’s ability to make a career decision). Students with high levels of career decision self-efficacy have confidence in their abilities to engage in the tasks necessary to make a career decision, and for these students, the process of making career choices is manageable. Students with low levels of career decision self-efficacy perceive career decision-making tasks to be beyond their abilities, and they may benefit from career counseling or other interventions.

Academic Achievement

Academic achievement represents an important aspect of a college student’s career development. A student must demonstrate adequate academic performance to remain in college, and most college students aspire to a career that requires a college degree. Each year, up to 25 percent of first-year college students leave their colleges or universities before the sophomore year, and the graduation rate for an entering class of freshmen may be only 50 percent. Leaving college before graduating is a positive decision for some students. For example, a student may decide to pursue a career that does not require a college degree. For other students, the decision to leave college is not voluntary, such as when poor grades lead to a student being academically dismissed; in this case, academic difficulties may slow progress toward attaining a satisfying career.

A second reason academic achievement is important is that it increases the likelihood of the student securing a satisfying job after college. In a tight job market, students with the best academic records will have a competitive edge. This achievement extends beyond the classroom to the securing of desirable internships, volunteer experiences, and part-time employment in the student’s field of study.

Academic achievement also helps build a student’s self-efficacy with respect to his or her area of study. Successfully performing a behavior is one of the key ways in which a student develops the expectation that the behavior can be successfully performed in the future. For example, earning high grades in several sociology classes would increase a student’s self-efficacy for completing the tasks necessary to succeed as a sociologist.

Academic achievement in college appears to be facilitated by strong academic skills, good preparation in high school, a motivation to do well, beliefs that one can succeed in college, valuing the process of learning, and integration with the institution. Some barriers to academic achievement in college center on problems with a student’s ability to perform well in the classroom. Such problems might include inadequate preparation in high school, specific learning disabilities that have not been identified, or unrealistic expectations about the amount of work required to do well in college classes. Other barriers to academic achievement in college include low motivation, such as when a student feels pressure to attend college from family members but does not really want to be in college. Finally, social problems may interfere with academic achievement. For example, college students who experience significant homesickness after making the transition from living at home to living at college may simply not do well in their classes until they have become integrated into the campus community.

The Initial Job Search

Finding a job after college is often a primary goal of a college student. Students in this stage of career development must learn skills such as resume writing and interviewing. Students often have had experience applying for jobs, but finding the first career job after college is an imposing challenge for many students. Many students are able to find employment in their desired occupation shortly after graduation, but many students do not. Some of these students merely delay entry into a career consistent with their major, but other students find work in completely different areas.

Market forces, such as the unemployment rate, can dramatically affect a student’s success in finding a job after graduation. Job market constraints can pose potential barriers, such as when jobs in a student’s desired career field are very competitive or scarce. However, characteristics of the job market may also facilitate a student’s entry into work from college, such as when that person’s academic training allows him or her to fulfill needs in careers for which there is great demand.

Graduation from college does not always correspond to an immediate job search, because many students continue their education beyond the four-year degree. For some career goals selected by college students, a graduate degree or additional professional training is necessary. As graduate students choose areas of specialization for post-college training, they may experience challenges similar to those encountered by undergraduate students when selecting a major. The career development process for graduate students is not unlike that for undergraduate students, with one exception being a more limited range of career options for graduate students given their more specialized training.

Assessment and Intervention

Most colleges and universities offer career assessment and counseling services to assist students as they encounter developmental challenges associated with career development or when they experience particular career development difficulties. Regarding assessment, it is often desirable to assess a student’s interests, skills, values, and self-efficacy with respect to different majors and careers. Assessment in general helps with the process of exploring information about oneself, and an accurate understanding of oneself is a critical component of making career decisions. The assessment of interests provides information about the types of activities the student enjoys and can help a student identify specific careers or areas of study in which he or she might be interested. The identification of skills and self-efficacy helps a student narrow down the types of careers that he or she might be prepared to pursue. Many assessment instruments are administered and interpreted by a counselor, but self-guided computerized assessment procedures also exist. Regardless of the format, the assessment process is often a helpful way to enable a student to identify a specific career path that might lead to success and satisfaction.

Because of the large number of college students who would benefit from career development intervention, many colleges and universities offer courses or brief workshops designed to teach self-exploration and job search skills. In such courses and workshops, students may learn about the career development process, engage in self-assessment, learn about the world of work, and learn skills that will help them as they begin to seek employment.

When individualized treatment is desirable, career counseling may be used to reduce barriers associated with making career decisions. If a student is identified as having low career decision self-efficacy, for example, interventions may be implemented that provide opportunities for success. Sometimes a student is undecided about a major or a career because he or she has been depressed or has experienced a personal emotional upheaval. In these cases, career counseling may focus on the personal issues as a way to reduce their impact on career development.

Most colleges and universities also have career centers or other offices that can aid students with practical job skills. Workshops may help students develop resumes, hone interviewing skills, and find internships, for example. Many colleges and universities keep databases about current internships and part-time job opportunities that may be available for students. Colleges are also well equipped to help students experiencing academic difficulties.

Whether career intervention takes place in the classroom, at a counseling or career center, or in a job placement office, the goal is typically to help students learn how to make important life and career decisions both during and after college. As such, it is usual for interventions to enhance the student’s understanding of how to make effective career decisions, rather than just considering the decision made in college as the final outcome of career intervention.

  • Crystallization of the vocational self-concept
  • School-to-work transition


  • Brown, D. 2003. “Career Development in Four-year and Community Colleges and Vocational-technical Schools.” Pp. 362-381 in Career Information, Career Counseling, and Career Development. 8th ed. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
  • Cabrera, A. F., Castaneda, M. B., Nora, A. and Hengstler, D. 1992. “The Convergence between Two Theories of College Persistence.” Journal of Higher Education 63:143-164.
  • Hettich, P. I. 1998. Learning Skills for College and Career. 2d ed. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.
  • Lent, R. W. and Hackett, G. 1987. “Career Self-efficacy: Empirical Status and Future Directions.” Journal of Vocational Behavior 30:347-382.
  • Luzzo, D. A., ed. 2000. Career Counseling of College Students: An Empirical Guide to Strategies That Work. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  • Luzzo, D. A., ed. “Facilitating the Career Development of Adults Attending Two-year Colleges.” Pp. 338-351 in Adult Career Development: Concepts, Issues, and Practices, 3d ed., edited by S. G. Niles. Columbus, OH: National Career Development Association.
  • Niles, S. G. and Harris-Bowlsbey, J. 2005. “Career Development Interventions in Higher Education.” Pp. 344­375 in Career Development Interventions in the 21st Century. 2d ed. Upper River Saddle, NJ: Pearson.
  • Russell, R. K. and Petrie, T. A. 1992. “Academic Adjustment of College Students: Assessment and Counseling.” Pp. 485­511 in Handbook of Counseling Psychology, 2d ed., edited by S. D. Brown and R. W. Lent. New York: Wiley.
  • Zunker, V. G. 2002. “Career Counseling in Institutions of Higher Learning.” Pp. 483-511 in Career Counseling: Applied Concepts of Life Planning. 6th ed. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.

BSOS Undergraduate Blog

  • Academic Advising & Career Planning
  • Departmental Blogs
  • Career Planning

First-generation college students: Explore career options/plan, Nov. 8

picture of people in a row seating down

Read Next →

Career Panel: Higher Education Friday, November 3, 12-1 pm Location: University Career Center, UCC (3100 Hornbake Library, South Wing) RSVP here (via Handshake) Are you interested in a career in higher education after graduation? Explore multiple pathways into the industry and related fields during this special panel. In-person

Explore a Career in Higher Education. Nov. 3 @ 12 pm

bsos feller center- career planning with campus image in the background

BSOS Career Planning, Events & Updates from the Feller Center

Careers in The Legal Field for Thursday, Oct. 26 from 5-6 pm in the University Career Center, located on the 3rd floor of Hornbake Library

Interested in a Career in the Legal Field?

1of1 #firstgenterps: community, culture & career night.

November 8, 2023 | 5-7:30 pm  | Register through Handshake Location: 3100 Hornbake Library, South Wing – Resource Room (University Career Center)

Are you a first-generation college student (FGCS) eager to supercharge your career prospects and connect with like-minded peers, mentors, and professionals? Look no further!

As we celebrate National First-Generation College Celebration Day, the University Career Center is excited to present the 1OF1 #FIRSTGENTERPS Program – an event celebrating YOU, empowering your career aspirations, and providing you with resources to navigate and enhance your career readiness as a #FIRSTGENTERP.


“A first-generation college student at UMD is defined as “a student whose parent(s)/legal guardian(s) have not completed a bachelor’s degree,” which means that you will be the first one to begin an educational legacy for your family by being 1 OF 1 #FIRSTGENTERPS (University of Maryland).


  • Abijah Howell (Accenture)
  • Solmary Zayas (Berkeley Research Group)
  • Jenny Sak (University of Maryland)


Questions? Contact Pamela Allen, [email protected], with the University Career Center.

' src=

BSOS Feller Center, Career Planning

Comments are Closed

  • Academic Advising
  • Around Campus
  • Internships
  • Job Opportunities
  • Scholarships
  • Uncategorized

© 2023 BSOS Undergraduate Blog

Theme by Anders Norén

Subscribe By Email

Get a weekly email of all new posts.

Your Email Leave this field blank

This form is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.

  • 269-965-3931
  • [email protected]
  • Class Schedules
  • Public Safety
  • Scholarships

Kellogg Community College


When you are choosing your academic path and/or career, it is very important that students gather as much information as possible to assist in making educated decisions. Understand the What, Who, Where, How, and Why of career exploration and career decision making. 

Your content goes here. Edit or remove this text inline or in the module Content settings. You can also style every aspect of this content in the module Design settings and even apply custom CSS to this text in the module Advanced settings.

Look at an individual assessment or combine your assessments to discover potential areas of study and career paths that match your interest, whether it is a degree program at KCC or a transfer program to a university.

For first time users, go to Focus 2 and click on the “Register” button. When asked about an access code, just enter “bruin” , and complete the registration process. On the main page, you will notice the following:

Self-Assessments: a selection of self-assessments including Work Interest, Personality, Leisure, Values, and Skills. You can also combine all 5 assessments to get more accurate results.

Explore the Possibilities: This is where students can dive deeper into their career exploration and see what KCC offers. You can also view occupation details, view job families of similar occupations, and compare multiple occupations side by side.

Take Action: You can create a road map of your academic and career development activities.

Student’s Career and Education Planning Results: You can review your results, your saved occupations, and review/print your portfolio.

Recommend Tools & Websites: Click on the “Links to Resources” button to view jobs available to all KCC students and alumni. To create an account with   College Central Network (CCN).

For first time users, go to Pathway U   and click on the “Join Now” button. Fill out your information and when done, click on “Find Your Calling.” On the dashboard, please view the “Getting Started” tile and click on “View Assessments.”

Complete these four different assessments that will be used to provide career and occupational information for you.

Assessments: complete the Interests, Values, Personality, and Workplace Preferences in about 20-25 minutes to see your explanation of results.

Review Your Results: after completing the assessments, you can view your results and see what careers pair well with your answers.

Explore Career Matches: Once you have reviewed your results, you can use our Career Match to see the careers available that would work best with your assessments.

Discuss Results: If you have any questions regarding your results, Career Match, or need any additional assistance, you can schedule an appointment with KCC’s Career Services. You can also reach out to Pathway U’s live chat online.

Big Interview

For first time users, go to Big Interview  and click on the “Register” button at the bottom. Fill out your information and when done, select “Create Account.” On the dashboard, students will notice resources for resume building, AI feedback, and assistance with interviewing. There are also video lessons that students can practice with to prepare for their upcoming interview.

Resume Builder: Students can create a professional looking resume in just a few minutes. There will be video lessons available to help build an outstanding first impression.

AI Feedback Tool: Get immediate feedback on your interview answers and delivery – from eye contact to filler words and more. Students can also submit their resume through their program profile to receive AI feedback.

Build Your Perfect Answer: For tricky and important questions, it can really help you outline your key points and organize your thoughts. We have answer builders to guide you through creating great answers — including strong stories for behavioral questions and responses to Tell me about yourself, What are your greatest weaknesses, and more…

Additional Resources

  • Career Services:  Offers support for resume and cover letter writing, job search and job development, labor market research and salary information, on-campus employment and work study, and career advising. 
  • Academic Advising:  Help students attain their educational goals by providing information, encouragement, and the necessary tools to navigate the registration process.
  • Counseling Services:  O ffers a variety of services to help students succeed in their academic, professional, and personal goals.


  • Academic Advising
  • Career Services
  • Center for Student Success
  • Counseling Services
  • Disability Services
  • Emergency Resources
  • Financial Aid
  • Morris Library
  • Service-Learning
  • Student Life
  • Student Rights and Responsibilities
  • Technology Help Desk
  • Testing Services
  • Transfer Information

Career Planning

  • Skip to Site Menu
  • Skip to Section Menu
  • Skip to Main Content
  • Skip to Supporting Content
  • Skip to Footer Menu

This Website Uses Cookies

We use cookies to improve your browsing experience on our website and to analyze our website traffic. View our online Privacy Policy for more information on our use of cookies. By selecting ACCEPT, you agree to our use of cookies.

  • Preparing for School
  • Paying for School
  • Self-Assessments
  • Questions From Students
  • My Smart Borrowing
  • Your Child and Money
  • ACT / SAT Scores
  • The Costs of College
  • You and the FAFSA®
  • The Scholarship Search
  • Questions From Parents
  • ASCA National Standards for Students
  • EducationPlanner as a Computer Lab Activity
  • Setting up a Job Shadowing Program
  • Hosting a Student Aid Event
  • Questions From Counselors

Section Menu

  • Middle School
  • High School
  • Career Clusters Activity

Which Careers Match Your Skills?

  • Career Search
  • Career Videos
  • Hot Jobs for the Future
  • It's Not All About Money
  • Schools for Your Career
  • Internships
  • Job Shadowing
  • The More You Learn, the More You Earn
  • Does College Pay Off? Tuition Costs vs. Earning Power
  • What to Expect in the Real World
  • SAT Subject Tests
  • GRE General Test
  • What to Look for in a School
  • College Match Maker
  • Schools From A to Z
  • Comparing Schools
  • Visiting Campus
  • Campus Life
  • Completing Your College Applications: 10 Tips
  • Admissions Decisions Letters
  • On the Wait List? Don't Give Up
  • Home-Schooled Students
  • Cyber School Students
  • Students With Disabilities
  • Nontraditional Students
  • Tips to Get Started
  • Student Aid Basics: 10 Tips
  • The Importance of the FAFSA
  • The Hidden Truths of Student Loans
  • Are You Dependent or Independent?
  • The Role of the Financial Aid Office
  • 10 Ways to Reduce College Costs
  • Scholarships
  • Direct Stafford Loans
  • Direct PLUS Loans for Parents
  • Direct PLUS Loans for Graduate and Professional Degree Students
  • Private Education Loans
  • Work-Study Employment
  • Military Service
  • Find Grants and Scholarships
  • What Is a Student Aid Package?
  • Compare Your Student Aid Packages
  • Saving and Reducing Costs
  • Avoiding Sticker Shock
  • Paying for School Q&A
  • Reach Your Savings Goals
  • Watch Your Savings Grow
  • Estimate Your Expected Family Contribution
  • Estimate Your Monthly Loan Payments
  • What Kind of Student Are You?
  • What's Your Learning Style?
  • Which Study Habits Can You Improve?
  • How Strong Is Your Character?

Get started on the path to career success.

The working world may seem like a long way off, but it is never too early to plan for your goals. What can you do today to make sure you're ready for tomorrow?

EducationPlanner is a great starting point. Identify your skills and interests and then explore some suitable careers that you may enjoy.

Career Planning Checklists

Follow our simple checklists to view the steps you can take now to work toward long-term career success.

Find Careers

Select a career that is compatible with your outlook and your vision of the future.

Get Experience

Sample some career options before you decide on the career path that is right for you.

Explore Salary and Pay

See what type of earning power more schooling can provide.

Supporting Content

Think about the things you are good at doing, then find careers that match those skills.

Find Careers Now

Footer Menu

  • Privacy Policy
  • Online Services Terms of Use
  • Right to Know
  • Get Adobe Reader
  • is a public service of the Pennsylvania Higher Education Assistance Agency (PHEAA). © Pennsylvania Higher Education Assistance Agency, 2011-2022. All Rights Reserved.

  • Skip to content

We're Sorry! CAREERwise will be undergoing maintenance from 2/22 - 2/27 and you may experience periodic issues.



  • Adult Learners
  • Adult Basic Education
  • Immigrants and Refugees
  • People with a Criminal Conviction
  • People with Disabilities
  • Recently Unemployed
  • MN Programs of Study
  • Online Learning Resource Center

Minnesota State


  • Explore Careers
  • Plan Your Education
  • What is an Assessment?
  • ISEEK Skills Assessment
  • CareerOneStop Skills Profiler
  • MnCareers Interest Assessment
  • ISEEK Career Cluster Interest Survey
  • ISEEK Interest Assessment
  • Take an Assessment
  • Set Career Goals
  • Reality Check

Career Planning for College Students

  • Your Lifelong Journey
  • Career Clusters and Pathways
  • Growing Careers
  • Minnesota Emerging Careers
  • Unique Career Paths
  • Employers Speak: MN Workforce Needs
  • Career Videos
  • Career Planning Resources
  • Campus Career Centers


Search Careers

Search industries.

  • Higher Education
  • Short-Term Training
  • Online Learning
  • Apprenticeship Programs
  • Work-Based Learning
  • Tips to Prepare for College
  • Returning to School as an Adult
  • Visit Schools
  • Financial Aid 101
  • Calculate Costs
  • Scholarship Websites
  • Vouchers and Training Funds
  • Applications
  • Admissions Tests
  • Transfer Credits
  • Credit for Prior Learning
  • Search Majors
  • Bachelor's Degree and Career Destination
  • Education Search Tools
  • Search K-12 Online Courses
  • Salary Information
  • Research Employers
  • Occupations in Demand
  • Regional Careers
  • Minnesota Job Vacancies
  • Industry Sites
  • Cover Letters
  • Showcase Your Work
  • Career Planning Workbook
  • How to Search for a Job
  • Build Your Network
  • Employment Agencies
  • Job Applications
  • Barriers to Employment
  • How Employers Hire
  • Worker Rights
  • Types of Interviews
  • Common Questions
  • Interview Tips
  • Interview Follow-Up
  • Salary Negotiation
  • Employee Benefits
  • Consider the Job Offer
  • Succeeding in the Workplace
  • Dealing With Job Transition
  • Job Search Services
  • Search Jobs
  • Search Businesses
  • Search Salaries

college student career planning

Want to get a good job after college? Use these tips to jump-start your career while you are in school.

Most students go to college to get a degree and to gain the skills employers want. Getting good grades is not enough to impress most employers. Students that follow the strategies listed below will be better prepared to promote themselves to employers.

Visit your college career and placement services.

Don't wait until your final days in college to visit your school's career center . Most colleges offer assistance in choosing majors, finding internships , locating employers seeking applicants in specific degree programs, exploring graduate school, and preparing for a job search. Take advantage of the assistance your program or college offers to add "real world experience" to your resume.

Assess yourself.

Employers want to know why you are a good fit for their company. Take time now to learn how your skills, values, interests, and personality influence your career choices. Use assessment tools from your college career services or free online assessment tools . What you learn about yourself will help prepare you for interviews and make resume writing easier. You'll also make better decisions while in school, including choosing a major and coursework.

Explore careers related to your degree.

Don't wait until you are graduating to think about the workplace. If you haven't already, research careers related to your major or program. Do you know what jobs you will be qualified for when you graduate? To help plan your career path, conduct several informational interviews with people who work with or hire people in your desired career. Ask them if your degree program and extra-curricular experiences have prepared you for the requirements employers expect.

Participate in career activities.

Potential employers expect job candidates to have related skills and experience, not just coursework, a good G.P.A., and other school achievements. To set yourself apart from other recent graduates, participate in internships, mentoring programs, and other work-based learning experiences. You can also participate in career-related volunteer opportunities, or part-time or summer employment related to your chosen career.

Position yourself.

Use the information gained from your career and employer research to make the most of your school experience. Join a career-related student group, professional associations, or other groups that can help you to build your network , including online career-related groups. When possible, choose school projects related to trends and topics in your desired career.

Be a success in the workplace.

No matter what type of employment or volunteer experience you do while in school, take it seriously. Follow these tips to succeed at work now, and you will develop work habits that will benefit you after you graduate.

Appreciate the benefits of college.

Higher education pays off . Increasing your skills is more than just a trendy thing to do. It's a way to increase your earning power and employability throughout your career.

  • Advanced Search
  • Browse Career Clusters
  • See All Careers

Learn more about...

  • Internal Resource Name

Other Resources on the Web

  • Goal Setting Worksheets | GPS LifePlan

CAREERwise Newsletter Sign up to receive email updates from CAREERwise.

Scripps College Logo

October 31, 2023

Seattle Exploration Trek Provides Students with Career-Building Opportunities

  • Campus News

By Madeleine Nakamura

Scripps students pose with the Microsoft sign on a Seattle Career Exploration Trek

In a job market where effective networking and insider knowledge can make all the difference in jumpstarting one’s career, connections are a valuable resource—one that Scripps’ Career Planning & Resources (CP&R) is uniquely positioned to offer. Through initiatives such as the Career Exploration Trek program, CP&R connects Scripps students to an expanded network of alums and professionals from across The Claremont Colleges.  

Career Exploration Treks began in 2015, when Clare Shaw ’11 offered to host a group of students at her Bay Area employer. Since then, the program has flourished, thanks to involvement, engagement, and gifts from the broader Scripps community. During the Trek to Seattle in August—which was the first nonlocal Trek since the program’s hiatus due to the COVID-19 pandemic—12 students explored possible career paths through visits to businesses and organizations, networked with alums and industry professionals, and learned about life and work in the Seattle area.   

“The Trek was an incredible experience,” says Lillian Cowie ’26, who is majoring in economics and politics. “Our cohort walked away feeling confident in our ability to leverage our soft skills and liberal arts education in a formal setting. We visited a plethora of companies, so each cohort member met someone and learned something relevant to their field.”  

The cohort visited seven organizations, including Amazon, the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Center, Microsoft, and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. During their visits, the students toured each organization’s space, met with its employees, and gained perspective on its working environment from panel discussions with the employees.   

Cowie felt that the most valuable insight she gained from the Trek was the importance of networking and building a personal brand. “The experience of meeting professionals in person is invaluable and cannot be replicated online,” she says. She intends to go into commercial real estate after graduation, and the Seattle Trek enabled her to refine her job search plans by connecting with professionals from CBRE, a large real estate advisory firm: “Hearing from them and learning about their company culture helped me understand what I am—and am not—looking for in an employer.”  

Beyond the business-level information gained from the Trek, the cohort also gained insight into what to expect from their personal path in a broader sense. “Networking with alums taught me that your career path can be a winding one, and it’s okay if you jump all over the place before you settle into a position you love,” Cowie says.

As part of the Trek experience, the cohort also represented Scripps during the Seattle Family Welcome Reception for incoming students, hosted by the Parent Engagement Office. Cohort members answered questions from parents and incoming students about the Scripps experience and gave advice about how to get the most out of student life on campus. “The Seattle Career Exploration Trek cohort boasted some of the most proactive, involved, and community-driven students on campus. To see these bright students come together with new student families at the Seattle Welcome Reception was the perfect example of the mentorship that is naturally built into the tight-knit Scripps community,” says Blaike Cheramie ’22, administrative assistant for Institutional Engagement.  

Finally, students on the Trek attended a 7C Alum and Industry Mixer, where they practiced their networking skills by making connections with 13 industry professionals, including software engineers, teachers, and content strategists from employers like Amazon and the Nature Conservancy. In total, the students met with 58 professionals over the course of the Trek, including 12 Scripps alums, one Scripps parent, and five alums from other members of The Claremont Colleges, making the Trek CP&R’s biggest to date.   

In addition to its professional benefits, the Trek served as a way for the cohort to connect with each other. “The Seattle Trek was also a great opportunity to make meaningful connections with fellow Scripps students, something I would argue is even more valuable,” Cowie says.

CP&R recently hosted a San Francisco Trek. Plans for future Treks include a one-day Los Angeles Trek in early November and a Washington, DC Trek in March 2024.  

  • Career Planning & Resources
  • Life After Scripps
  • Lillian Cowie
  • The Scripps Experience Series
  • Contact Tracing
  • Email for Students
  • Office 365 Email for Faculty & Staff
  • Box Cloud Storage
  • For Faculty & Staff
  • MyCampus2 Portal
  • Pitzer Store
  • PitPass Password Manager
  • Pitzer Print
  • Campus Visit
  • Faculty Directory
  • Staff Directory
  • Office Directory
  • Alumni and Families
  • Post a Job/Internship – Alumni & Families
  • Winter Break Job Shadowing Program
  • How to Help Your Student
  • Career Support for Alumni & Families
  • Pitzer Internship Fund
  • Handshake for Alumni
  • Update Your Contact Information
  • Student Employment
  • Employer Policies and Guidelines
  • Post a Job/Internship – Employers
  • Recruiting at Pitzer College
  • Attend a Career Fair
  • Connect with Pitzer Students
  • Handshake for Employers
  • Faculty & Staff
  • Career Resources for Faculty Advising
  • Handshake for Faculty & Staff
  • Career Fairs
  • Diverse Student Population Opportunities
  • Pre-Law Advising
  • Preparing for Graduate or Professional School
  • Handshake for Students
  • Academic Credit and the Internship Experience
  • Job & Internship Search Tools
  • Career Services Summer Funding
  • Pitzer Test Prep Assistance Fund
  • Fellowships, Opportunities and Resources
  • Handouts & Guides
  • Resources for Research Opportunities
  • Career Tools & Assessments
  • Map Out a Career Plan
  • What Can I Do With This Major?
  • Winter Break Shadowing Program
  • Career Services
  • Scott Hall 126
  • 909.621.8519
  • 1050 N. Mills Avenue Claremont, CA 91711

Pitzer College admits students of any race, color, national, and ethnic origin to all the rights, privileges, programs, and activities generally accorded or made available to students at the school. It does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national and ethnic origin in the administration of its educational policies, admissions policies, scholarship and loan programs, or athletic and other school-administered programs.

Simplifying College

Simplifying College

College and University Blog for Young Success

Career Planning for College Students

College students are of different types depending on how well or otherwise they can respond to the school. While some take things seriously from the first day of class, others leave everything to the last minute. Then, we have those who find the right balance between schoolwork and a healthy social life.

Funny Graduation Quotes

Whatever type of college student you may be, you would have to navigate through the rigors of college life to be successful. Sometimes, immediately preparing for the future may not be a priority, but in retrospect, most college students probably wished that they had started planning a lot sooner than they did. As most would wish, they had the foresight to buy Ethereum or Bitcoin before becoming a financial goldmine.

This guide contains detailed information on career planning, why it is important, what steps to follow, and how students plan their future careers. With a quick read, you can get a good idea of planning for life after college.

What is a Career, and What Does Planning for It Entail?

A career can be explained as a person’s growth within an occupation or a series of occupations. It is more than just an appointment or working arrangement. It also entails your progress through life and your experience in vocational and avocational duties.

It is easy to think that there is only one job best suited for you, but many good choices are available. The key to identifying such occupations is looking out for those that potentially provide you with a good probability of success and happiness.

On the other hand, career planning refers to all the steps taken to discover what you’re good at and work towards it. It may also include the deliberate act of investing your time and resources into growing yourself in a given area.

Successful career decisions are rooted in effective planning based on current and accurate information. These days, career information is readily accessible. Although this is often alleged to ensure a less challenging process, it doesn’t eliminate most students’ daunting and overwhelming thoughts.

Several new technologies have given rise to new career opportunities and made the spectrum for choosing a career more diversified. For instance, cryptocurrency and blockchain technology have prompted new digital finance and trade investments career paths.

Importance of Career Planning

It is essential to invest in career planning as it provides you with much-needed direction and aspiration. At the same time, it makes you completely aware of your strengths, weaknesses, and the skills you need to achieve your future objectives. A good portion of our life is usually spent achieving our career goals; hence, it is essential to make sure that the right steps are taken, especially while in college.

Very few individuals are born with a clear mind and path towards what they want to do. Most people are not sure of what they want from life, thus carefully planning things out. In essence, career planning gives several college students true purpose and meaning.

Career planning is a personal activity that occurs throughout a working lifetime. In most societies, the career center you find yourself in will influence your income, lifestyle, prestige, location, and association. Career planning can be effectively touted as an aspect of life planning and should be treated with such significance the way you will do trading Bitcoin or Ethereum.

Steps College Students Can Take to Plan Their Careers

Here are some steps students could take to plan their future careers.

Explore Possible Career Options

This step helps you become aware of several possibilities in your career path. In addition to learning appointment requirements, you will also learn position titles, skills, personal attributes, and the educational requirements needed to succeed in various fields.

Conduct Field Research 

What better way to plan your career than to meet with someone working in the field? Do you want to go into cryptocurrency or invest in any of the digital technologies? Then, working with a crypto or blockchain enthusiast will make all the difference. This step requires you to meet people in different positions or industries related to your studies and ask them questions about their jobs. This is also a primary step to building your professional network.

Identify Your Job Target

After looking at your options through field research and career test exploration, now is the time to decide and set some objectives. This decision entails your job target; it can be specific to the industry and position you choose to pursue. In addition, your job targets are prone to change as you gain more knowledge and experience in the career planning process.

Structure Your Credential and Resume

In this step, college students have to focus on building their credentials. The more they do this, the better their overall resume becomes. A good resume leads to more job opportunities and interviews. Some of the best ways to build your credentials include; 

  • Taking internships within your job target
  • Going for seminars 
  • Joining clubs or professional associations related to your job target

By doing any or all of these, you are positioning yourselves to harness opportunities in your career path.

Prepare for Your Job Search

This stage involves researching companies and organizations you want to work with after college. You could use the help of friends, family, or anyone that may have led some of these companies. You need to develop unique tactics for approaching employers to give yourself a better chance.

Using all these steps, you can make an informed decision to pursue your career as early as possible. This will make you ready for the real world and give you a great chance of success in your career path.

Related Posts

green plant in clear glass cup

Money-Saving Tips for College Students: Making the Most of Limited Resources

woman using drawing pad while sitting in front of laptop

8 Tips To Make College Remote Learning More Effective

college student career planning

The College Student's Guide to Career Planning

Career planning is learning about yourself and the world of work and then planning your career choices based on what you’ve learned. Knowing what you know about yourself, how do various occupations match up with your interests, skills, personality, and values?

An effective career planner is someone who: Views a plan as subject to change. Equates career success with personal satisfaction. Believes goals are independent of age. Assumes responsibility for his/her own career direction. - Robert Barner, The Futurist

The Career Planning Process

Career planning helps you to:

  • Decide what type of job you want.
  • Determine the skills you need to attain the ideal job.
  • Discover how to obtain those skills.
  • Develop ways to implement your plan.

To begin the process, ask yourself: What are my goals for the future?

Keep in Mind That...

  • The working world is changing rapidly.
  • You need goals and strategies to make your dreams come true.
  • You are in charge of your career.
  • You will need to be proactive in your career search.
  • Employers are looking for employees who will enjoy their work.

Career Exploration

Fortunately, you do not have to go through all the career options in the world to find a suitable occupation. In order to start your career exploration, you need to create a list of different occupations that might match your interests and skills. Before you begin narrowing down your possibilities, do some brainstorming to broaden your options.

Brainstorm on Your Own

  • Libraries, Career Services, and Employment Offices
  • Labor market information:
  • Look back at your list of interests, skills, values, and traits that you possess

Brainstorm with Others Talk with friends, parents, teachers, neighbors, relatives, co-workers, etc. Tell them you are trying to figure out what to do with your life. They will probably jump at the chance to throw in their two cents. Keep in mind you are trying to come up with a master list of possibilities. Do not dismiss any suggestions. Do not make any commitments, either.

Career Assessments

  • Focus2 Career Exploration
  • Reality Check - What can you earn?
  • Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
  • Candid Career
  • Career Descision-Making Difficulties Questionnaire

Gather Information

There are many methods of research that you can use to gather information about potential careers. The list below begins with the least time-consuming method. As you narrow down your options however, use methods that require more time.

The Internet: There are plenty of Internet resources that contain useful occupational information. You can even research individual occupations through search sites. Many useful websites can be found on Career Services website .

Labor Market Information: This information focuses on such things as working conditions, wages, trends, qualifications, employer demands, as well as other factors which affect the market for labor.

Informational Interviewing: The informational interview is a chance for you to reverse roles and become the interviewer while a representative from the organization or occupation in which you are interested becomes the interviewee. The goal is to gather information about a particular job or career directly from an employee to help you find out if it is the kind of job in which you would be interested.

Volunteering: There are many advantages to volunteering. It gives you a firsthand look at possible occupations, provides a great way to network, enhances your resume, and will help you explore the pros and cons of possible fields.

Job Shadowing: Job shadowing gives you an insider’s view into career positions you are targeting, giving you a chance to learn what the career is all about without a significant time commitment.

Interning: An internship can be a paid or unpaid position and allows you to gain relevant experience in your chosen career field, or rule out certain career options.

Narrowing the Field

Now it's time to evaluate each of the options that you have identified and narrow your possible career options to a few. In order to evaluate your choices you should:

Check the Fine Print: Check out Career Services, Texas State’s Alkek Library, your academic advisor or department advisor. There are a wide variety of resources available to help gain critical information about your career options.

(Once Again) Surf the Net: Now that you have a list of interesting occupations, the Internet can help explain those professions in even more detail. Some sites recommended to help narrow your scope are:

  • Bureau of Labor Statistics
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • Career One Stop

Make a Decision

You have now come to the point where you need to make some choices. This may be more painful than the research. Follow these steps to help you through the process of making a decision.

  • Name the Decision: Stating precisely what it is that you need to decide may help give you some perspective on the situation. What exactly is it that you need to know? What does a career mean to you in the first place? Five years?
  • List the Alternatives: Write down at least two occupations that stood out during your search.
  • Test Your Choice: Think of ways to test the alternatives you have chosen.
  • Evaluate your Decision: How well did your choice work? If you need to, you can begin the process again.

Plan for the Future

Having chosen one of the career options, you can now begin developing and implementing a plan of action through internships, cooperative education, relevant summer employment, volunteer work, and campus activities. Some additional steps that you will need to take are:

  • Investigate Any Additional Education or Training Needed: Does the career path require additional courses and are you willing to complete these?
  • Develop a Job Search Strategy: Plan how you will find a job once you meet the requirements. Networking and gaining experience can help get your foot in the door.
  • Write Your Resume and Compose a Cover Letter: Career Services has 48-hour resume and cover letter critiquing, as well as Career Counselors/Educator that can give professional advice.
  • Prepare For a Job Interview: Draft answers to difficult questions that you could be asked. Career Services is available for mock interviews throughout the year.
  • Gather Company Information: Investigate a potential employer to prepare for the interview, as well as to ensure that it is a workplace that fits your needs.
  • Skip to primary navigation
  • Skip to main content
  • Skip to primary sidebar

Career Vision


Planning is bringing the future into the present so you can do something about it now. — Alan Lakein, writer

Looking for a Way to Get Ahead? Get a Career Plan!

Career Plan - Aptitudes Rocket

The essential ingredients to creating a career plan include being aware that important decisions need to be made, understanding who you are, developing a mental map of the world of work, and identifying different ways you can contribute successfully.

Your career plan is based on exploration and informed choice. Students who invest the time and energy to think about what is important to them typically know the type of work they would like to do and set smart goals to graduate on time. They often carry less debt and spend less time switching from job to job trying to find direction. The net result is establishing a career path sooner, a more predictable income, and job satisfaction within the first few years after graduation.

What percentage of all college graduates would choose a different college major or a different school if they had it to do all over again?

  • More than half
  • Nope. Lots more.
  • Keep going, even more.
  • Starting to sound expensive, isn’t it?
  • Nope. Can you believe it…even more!
  • Unfortunately yes. Regret is not the feeling you want after investing your precious time, energy, and money into a college education. Let us help you orient to an inspiring direction now so that you can make the best choices for yourself down the road.

Start Early, Start SMART Career Readiness Program is typically appropriate for high school through sophomore in college students.

Start SMART Career Launch and Early Career Program   is typically appropriate for college students approaching graduation and early career adults.

  • DACA/Undocumented
  • First Generation, Low Income
  • International Students
  • Students of Color
  • Students with disabilities
  • Undergraduate Students
  • Master’s Students
  • PhD Students
  • Faculty/Staff
  • Family/Supporters
  • Career Fairs
  • Post Jobs, Internships, Fellowships
  • Build your Brand at MIT
  • Recruiting Guidelines and Resources
  • Connect with Us
  • Career Advising
  • Distinguished Fellowships
  • Employer Relations
  • Graduate Student Professional Development
  • Prehealth Advising
  • Student Leadership Opportunities
  • Academia & Education
  • Architecture, Planning, & Design
  • Arts, Communications, & Media
  • Business, Finance, & Fintech
  • Computing & Computer Technology
  • Data Science
  • Energy, Environment, & Sustainability
  • Life Sciences, Biotech, & Pharma
  • Manufacturing & Transportation
  • Health & Medical Professions
  • Social Impact, Policy, & Law
  • Getting Started & Handshake 101
  • Exploring careers
  • Networking & Informational Interviews
  • Connecting with employers
  • Resumes, cover letters, and CVs
  • Finding a Job or Internship
  • Post-Graduate and Summer Outcomes
  • Professional Development Competencies
  • Preparing for Graduate & Professional Schools
  • Preparing for Medical / Health Profession Schools
  • Interviewing
  • New jobs & career transitions
  • Career Prep and Development Programs
  • Employer Events
  • Outside Events for Career and Professional Development
  • Events Calendar
  • Career Services Workshop Requests
  • Early Career Advisory Board
  • Fall Career Fair Advisory Board
  • Peer Career Advisors
  • Student Staff
  • Mission, Vision, Values and Diversity Commitments
  • News and Reports

Make a Career Plan

  • Share This: Share Make a Career Plan on Facebook Share Make a Career Plan on LinkedIn Share Make a Career Plan on Twitter

A career plan lists short- and long-term career goals and the actions you can take to achieve them. Career plans can help you make decisions about what classes to take, and identify the extracurricular activities, research, and internships that will make you a strong job candidate. Below are some helpful steps to guide you in creating a career plan customized to your interests and ambitions. Still have questions? We are here to help — set up an appointment  with a Career Advisor to get started or review your plan.

8 Steps to an Effective Career Plan

  • Identify Your Career Options.  Develop a refined list of career options by examining your interests, skills, and values through self-assessment . Narrow your career options by reviewing career information, researching companies , and talking to professionals in the field . You can further narrow your list when you take part in experiences such as shadowing, volunteering, and internships.
  • Prioritize. It’s not enough to list options. You have to prioritize. What are your top skills? What interests you the most? What’s most important to you? Whether it’s intellectually challenging work, family-friendly benefits, the right location or a big paycheck, it helps to know what matters to you — and what’s a deal-breaker. We provide skills and values assessments — set up an appointment with a Career Advisor to take advantage of this service.
  • Make Comparisons.  Compare your most promising career options against your list of prioritized skills, interests and values.
  • Consider Other Factors.  You should consider factors beyond personal preferences. What is the current demand for this field? If the demand is low or entry is difficult, are you comfortable with risk? What qualifications are required to enter the field? Will it require additional education or training? How will selecting this option affect you and others in your life? Gather advice from friends, colleagues, and family members. Consider potential outcomes and barriers for each of your final options.
  • Make a Choice.  Choose the career paths that are best for you. How many paths you choose depends upon your situation and comfort level. If you’re early in your planning, then identifying multiple options may be best. You may want several paths to increase the number of potential opportunities. Conversely, narrowing to one or two options may better focus your job search or graduate school applications.
  • S pecific — Identify your goal clearly and specifically.
  • M easureable — Include clear criteria to determine progress and accomplishment.
  • A ttainable — The goal should have a 50 percent or greater chance of success.
  • R elevant — The goal is important and relevant to you.
  • T ime bound — Commit to a specific timeframe.
  • Create Your Career Action Plan.  It’s important to be realistic about expectations and timelines. Write down specific action steps to take to achieve your goals and help yourself stay organized. Check them off as you complete them, but feel free to amend your career action plan as needed. Your goals and priorities may change, and that’s perfectly okay.
  • Meet with a Career Advisor. Our advisors are here to help you make effective career decisions.  Make an appointment on Handshake to talk about your career options and concerns.
  • 4.3 Making a Plan
  • Introduction
  • 1.1 Why College?
  • 1.2 The First Year of College Will Be an Experience
  • 1.3 College Culture and Expectations
  • 1.4 How Can This Book And This Course Help?
  • Where do you go from here?
  • 2.1 The Power to Learn
  • 2.2 The Motivated Learner
  • 2.3 It's All in the Mindset
  • 2.4 Learning Preferences
  • 2.5 Personality Types and Learning
  • 2.6 Applying What You Know about Learning
  • 2.7 The Hidden Curriculum
  • Career Connection
  • 3.1 The Benefits of Time Management
  • 3.2 Time Management in College
  • 3.3 Procrastination: The Enemy Within
  • 3.4 How to Manage Time
  • 3.5 Prioritization: Self-Management of What You Do and When You Do It
  • 3.6 Goal Setting and Motivation
  • 3.7 Enhanced Strategies for Time and Task Management
  • 4.1 Defining Values and Setting Goals
  • 4.2 Planning Your Degree Path
  • 4.4 Managing Change and the Unexpected
  • 5.1 The Nature and Types of Reading
  • 5.2 Effective Reading Strategies
  • 5.3 Taking Notes
  • 6.2 Studying
  • 6.3 Test Taking
  • 7.1 What Thinking Means
  • 7.2 Creative Thinking
  • 7.3 Analytical Thinking
  • 7.4 Critical Thinking
  • 7.5 Problem-Solving
  • 7.6 Metacognition
  • 7.7 Information Literacy
  • 8.1 An Overview of Communication
  • 8.2 Purpose of Communication
  • 8.3 Communication and Technology
  • 8.4 The Context of Communication
  • 8.5 Barriers to Effective Communication
  • 9.1 What Is Diversity, and Why Is Everybody Talking About It?
  • 9.2 Categories of Diversity
  • 9.3 Navigating the Diversity Landscape
  • 9.4 Inclusivity and Civility: What Role Can I Play?
  • 10.1 Personal Financial Planning
  • 10.2 Savings, Expenses, and Budgeting
  • 10.3 Banking and Emergency Funds
  • 10.4 Credit Cards and Other Debt
  • 10.5 Education Debt: Paying for College
  • 10.6 Defending against Attack: Securing Your Identity and Accounts
  • 11.1 Taking Care of Your Physical Health
  • 11.3 Taking Care of Your Emotional Health
  • 11.4 Taking Care of Your Mental Health
  • 11.5 Maintaining Healthy Relationships
  • 11.6 Your Safety
  • 12.1 Why Worry about a Career While I'm in College?
  • 12.2 Your Map to Success: The Career Planning Cycle
  • 12.3 Where Can You Go from Here?
  • A | Conducting and Presenting Research
  • B | Recommended Readings
  • C | Activities and Artifacts From the Book

Questions to Consider:

  • What resources are available to help me understand my degree program requirements?
  • Who can assist me in making a plan?
  • What tools are available to help me develop and track the progress of my plan?
  • Is there anything else I can do now to plan for after I graduate?

As previously noted, most associate’s degrees require a minimum of 60 credit hours for completion, and bachelor’s degrees minimally require a total of 120 credits. Some individuals refer to these degrees as “two-year” and “four-year” degrees, respectively. To complete a 60-credit associate’s degree in two years, you would need to take 15 credits (about five classes) in the fall and spring semesters during both years of your attendance. To complete a 120-credit bachelor’s degree in four years, you would need to take 15 credits in the fall and spring semesters each of your four years. It is therefore entirely possible to complete these degrees in two and four years, particularly if you use the three primary resources that colleges provide to help you with your planning: curriculum maps, academic advisors, and interactive planning technology.

Curriculum Maps

Many colleges and universities will provide curriculum maps , or course checklists to illustrate the sequence of courses necessary to follow this timeline. These timelines often assume that you are ready to take college-level math and English courses and that you will be attending college as a full-time student. If placement tests demonstrate a need for prerequisite math and English coursework to get you up to speed, your timeline will likely be longer.

Many students attend college part-time, often because of family or work responsibilities. This will obviously have an impact on your completion timeline as well. Programs that have special requirements may also require that you plan for additional time. For example, it may be the case that you cannot take other courses while completing clinicals or student teaching, so you will need to plan accordingly. Alternatively, you may be able to speed up, or accelerate , your timeline to degree by taking courses during summer or winter terms. Or if you take fewer than 15 credits per semester, you can take courses during the summer terms to “make up” those credits and stay on track toward those two- or four-year graduation goals. 4

Academic Advisors

All colleges and universities provide resources such as a curriculum map to assist you with your academic planning. Academic advisors may also be called success coaches, mentors, preceptors, or counselors. They may be staff members, or faculty may provide advisement as an additional role to their teaching responsibilities. Regardless of what your college calls this role, academic advisors are individuals who are able to assist you in navigating the puzzle of your academic plan and piecing your courses and requirements together with your other life obligations to help you meet your goals.

An advisor is an expert on college and major requirements and policies, while you are the expert on your life circumstances and your ability to manage your study time and workload. It is also an advisor’s responsibility to understand the details of your degree requirements. This person can teach you how to best utilize college resources to make decisions about your academic and career path. An advisor can help you connect with other college staff and faculty who might be integral to supporting your success. Together with your advisor, you can create a semester-by-semester plan for the courses you will take and the special requirements you will meet. Refer to the end of this section for a detailed planning template that you could use in this process. Even if your college does not require advising, it is wise to meet with your advisor every semester to both check your progress and learn about new opportunities that might lend you competitive advantage in entering your career.

Common Functions of Academic Advisors

Academic advisors can help you:

  • Set educational and career goals
  • Select a major and/or minor
  • Understand the requirements of your degree
  • Navigate the online tools that track the progress of your degree
  • Calculate your GPA and understand how certain choices may impact your GPA
  • Discuss your academic progress from semester to semester
  • Assist with time management strategies
  • Connect with other support and resources at the college such as counseling, tutoring, and career services
  • Navigate institutional policies such as grade appeals, admission to special programs, and other concerns
  • Strategize how to make important contacts with faculty or other college administrators and staff as necessary (such as discussing how to construct professional emails)
  • Discuss transfer options, if applicable
  • Prepare for graduate school applications

Interactive Planning Technology

In addition to a curriculum map and an advisor, colleges and universities usually have technological tools that can assist you in your academic planning. Degree audit reporting systems, for example, are programmed to align with degree requirements and can track individual student progress toward completion. They function like an interactive checklist of courses and special requirements. Student planning systems often allow students to plan multiple semesters online, to register for planned courses, and to track the progress of their plan. Though friends and family are well-intentioned in providing students with planning advice and can provide important points for students to consider, sometimes new students make the mistake of following advice without consulting their college’s planning resources. It’s important to bring all of these resources together as you craft your individual plan.

Despite all of the resources and planning assistance that is available to you, creating an individual plan can still be a daunting task. Making decisions about which major to pursue, when to take certain courses, and whether to work while attending school may all have an impact on your success, and it is tough to anticipate what to expect when you’re new to college. Taking the time to create a plan and to revise it when necessary is essential to making well-informed, mindful decisions. Spur-of-the-moment decisions that are not well-informed can have lasting consequences to your progress.

The key to making a mindful decision is to first be as informed as possible about your options. Make certain that you have read the relevant resources and discussed the possibilities with experts at your college. Then you’ll want to weigh your options against your values and goals. You might ask: Which option best fits my values and priorities? What path will help me meet my goals in the timeframe I desire? What will be the impact of my decision on myself or on others? Being well-informed, having a clear sense of purpose, and taking the necessary time to make a thoughtful decision will help to remove the anxiety associated with making the “right” decision, and help you make the best decision for you.


Academic Planning Readiness Checklist: Review the checklist below and mark each item if you agree. For those you cannot yet answer, consult your instructor, academic advisor, or college website to locate these important details.

  • I know the total number of credits required to graduate from my program.
  • I know the difference between general education, major, and elective classes.
  • I know whether I am required to take preparatory or developmental courses in math and English, and whether these courses will count among my total credits toward my degree.
  • I am aware of the special requirements of my major (if any) and the prerequisites I must complete.
  • I am aware of the minimum entry requirements for my desired career field and know whether I should be preparing to plan for a graduate degree as well.

Draft an Academic Plan

With the assistance of your instructor or academic advisor, find the curriculum map for your major or for an example major that you might be considering if you’re still exploring. Use the information in the curriculum map to draft an academic plan for your undergraduate degree. This plan should include both a semester-by-semester sequence of courses and a list of related activities to help you progress toward your career or graduate school goals. Keep in mind any personal circumstances that may impact your plan (such as whether you’ll need to attend part-time or full-time). You may use the grid provided or utilize your college’s student planning software if available. For your reference, you will find the start of an example grid from a dedicated environmental science student below.

Note: If your college offers courses using the quarter system rather than semesters, you may need to draft your own grid. You can find example planning grids for quarter systems online.

A sample grid diagram shows students’ planning for different semesters, including planned activities, summer plans, and planned courses.

Planning for After Graduation

Students usually pursue a college degree with some additional end goal in mind, whether that goal is further study as a graduate student or entry into a desired career. As you develop a plan for your undergraduate studies, you can also plan pursuits outside of the classroom to prepare for these future goals. To begin planning for life after graduation, consider the experiences that would best complement your coursework. If you are not required to participate in fieldwork or internships, perhaps you could plan a summer internship to help you gain workplace experience and learn more about what you do and do not want to do. It is also valuable to gain leadership experience through participation in student clubs and organizations. Plan to find a club that matches your interests. Set a goal to attend regularly your first year and then run for a club leadership role in your second or third year.

A photo shows a group of graduate students smiling as they walk forward in a line.

Even before you begin an internship or career search in earnest, sites like can be helpful simply to explore the possibilities and get ideas. Often, a dedicated career-oriented website will provide more filtered and specific information than a general search engine.

Consult with services or offices at your college that can assist with you with making your future plans and incorporating experiences into your academic plan that will prepare you to enter your career. These services are often accessible both to current students as well as to graduates, providing assistance with résumé writing and job searches. Chapter 12: Planning for Your Future provides further insight into career planning and college career services.

Alumni associations help graduates connect with other former students of all ages so that they can begin to build and strengthen their professional networks, leading to further job opportunities. And don’t discount the role of your professors in helping you build your network as well! In addition to providing valuable letters of recommendation for both graduate school and job applications, professors often have well-established professional networks and may be willing to help connect dedicated students with additional opportunities. You can plan these experiences to be distributed across your academic semesters and during the summer.

This Draft an Academic Plan activity provides you an opportunity to consider and plan experiences alongside your coursework that could help you better prepare to meet your career goals. Also, the chapter on Planning Your Career goes into these topics in more depth.

  • 4 Brookdale Community College Office of Career and Leadership Development. (2016). Your Career Checklist . Retrieved from:

As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases.

Want to cite, share, or modify this book? This book uses the Creative Commons Attribution License and you must attribute OpenStax.

Access for free at
  • Authors: Amy Baldwin
  • Publisher/website: OpenStax
  • Book title: College Success
  • Publication date: Mar 27, 2020
  • Location: Houston, Texas
  • Book URL:
  • Section URL:

© Sep 20, 2023 OpenStax. Textbook content produced by OpenStax is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License . The OpenStax name, OpenStax logo, OpenStax book covers, OpenStax CNX name, and OpenStax CNX logo are not subject to the Creative Commons license and may not be reproduced without the prior and express written consent of Rice University.

The site navigation utilizes arrow, enter, escape, and space bar key commands. Left and right arrows move across top level links and expand / close menus in sub levels. Up and Down arrows will open main level menus and toggle through sub tier links. Enter and space open menus and escape closes them as well. Tab will move on to the next part of the site rather than go through menu items.

NYC Public Schools stacked logo

College and Career Planning

Three students visiting a college campus

Chancellor Banks has outlined a bold vision for New York City: through a reimagined student experience that centers career-connected learning, all students will reach long-term economic security. NYC Public Schools have many supports in place to ensure that all students graduate from high school ready for college and the 21st-century workforce. 

Preparing your Child for College and Careers 

Now is the right time to start thinking about college and careers. Regardless of what grade your child is in, you can help them begin preparing for their future. 

Families of Kindergarten Students 

It is never too early to begin saving and planning for the future. Through the NYC Kids RISE Save for College Program , all kindergarten students will be automatically enrolled to receive a free NYC Scholarship Account, the first $100 credit and opportunities to receive more money over time, unless their families choose to not participate. Visit the NYC Kids RISE Save for College Program page to learn more about the program, including eligibility, opting out, and our partnership with NYC Kids RISE . 

Families of Elementary and Middle School Students 

  • Encourage your child to read every day for at least 30 minutes. Reading will help them do well in every subject.
  • Visit for age appropriate articles and to help build literacy.
  • Talk to your child about how important it is for them to go to school every day. Attendance is a strong indicator of your child’s academic success.
  • Help your child develop good habits, such as being punctual, organized and working well with others. Tracking daily and weekly homework assignments is a great way to build time management organization skills. These are all habits that students will need to be successful in college and in their career.
  • Help your child explore their interests. Encourage them to join clubs or programs at their school and in their local community, and ask them about their favorite subjects, hobbies, and activities.
  • Encourage your child, regardless of how they are doing in school, to seriously consider going to college. While not every student needs to go to college to succeed, all students, including those with disabilities or multilingual learners, can go to college if they choose to.
  • Talk to your child about the importance of middle school grades, and New York State exams for the high school admissions process . Students should begin researching high schools and preparing for their high school exams prior to seventh grade.
  • Attend parent-teacher conferences and school activities. Talk with teachers about how your child is doing in school and monitor your child’s progress. 

Families of High School Students 

Continue doing the activities mentioned above, and: 

  • Talk to your child about getting good grades in high school and make sure your child is on track to graduate high school. Your child needs to get a high school diploma or get a GED/HSE to apply to college.
  • To graduate from high school, your child needs 44 credits and to pass five Regents Exams.
  • Visit the Graduation Requirements page to learn more about credits and state exams that your child needs to graduate from high school.
  • Encourage your child to take challenging classes and do well in those classes.
  • Visit at least two colleges with your child every year and attend college fairs. Take a list of questions with you and listen to what your child thinks about each college.
  • Help your child prepare for the SAT . Some colleges also require students to take a college entrance test called the ACT.
  • Meet with your child’s school counselor and teachers, ask them to share information on colleges that match your child’s interests, paying for college, and how to begin planning for your child’s future as a team.
  • You can also use The College Board's Family Action Plan for high school students and/or the First in the Family website to plan for your child’s high school years.

Families of Students with Disabilities

For students who plan to continue their education beyond high school, it’s important to learn as much as you can about disability services at your institution of higher education (IHE) of choice as each IHE offers different types of support. Most IHE campuses have some version of an Office of Disability Services, which coordinates the provision of reasonable accommodations and support services for students with disabilities. A student’s need for reasonable accommodation and/or support services is verified by these offices. Some examples of supports that may be provided include:

  • Assistive Technology
  • Note-takers
  • Sign language interpreters
  • Considerations for absences and extensions when at the student’s disability temporarily makes it difficult to attend class or complete assignments

In many cases, students enrolled in classes may be eligible for support, including:

  • Dual enrollment programs
  • Certificate programs
  • Associate, baccalaureate and graduate degree programs

In all cases, participation is voluntary and initiated by the student. Some students may not want or need to request assistance in meeting their needs on campus. Students may not need accommodations for every class or every semester for which they enroll. Decisions regarding specific accommodations are made by campus staff on a case-by-case basis based on documentation provided. Please note:

  • Every IHE operates differently, and disability offices at different institutions may have different names and documentation requirements
  • If a student is found eligible, the disability office will develop an accommodation plan based on the documentation provided by the student
  • Unlike in grades K-12, colleges or universities are not required to provide modifications to the content that students are required to learn
  • Schools must support transition planning for all with IEPs . For students considering higher education, IEP teams must:
  • As early as the student’s first year of high school, advise students and families on the difference between accommodations in K-12 vs. higher education
  • Ensure that students who plan to continue their education beyond high school understand the process to obtain disability support from their IHE of choice, if needed
  • Support students in locating the disability office at the IHE of their choice 
  • Provide students and families information on the NYCDOE’s Transition & College and Access Centers, which can support students with this process.

Educators can find resources to support students in college and career planning on WeTeachNYC . You can also read about graduation requirements and college entrance exams . 

  • Applying to College
  • College Awareness Day
  • Exploring Future Careers
  • Paying for College
  • NYC Kids RISE Save for College Program
  • Choosing Your Path After High School
  • College Information for Immigrant Students
  • College and Career Glossary
  • National Student Clearinghouse Notice and Opt Out Form
  • After High School

Free Student Meals

See what's on the menu


See Modernization Plan

Link to Home Page

  • Plan for College and Career
  • Take the ACT
  • School and District Assessment
  • Career-Ready Solutions
  • News & Blog
  • Students & Parents
  • Open Search Form
  • Open Notifications
  • ACT Non-U.S.
  • MyACT Sign In
  • The ACT Test

college student career planning

  • Registration
  • Test Center Locator
  • High School Codes Lookup
  • Photo Submission Requirements
  • Standby Testing
  • Accommodations and Supports
  • Test Prep *
  • Free ACT Test Prep
  • Official ACT Subject Guides
  • The Official ACT Prep Guide
  • ACT Kaplan Test Prep Suite
  • Rescheduled Test Centers
  • CAS Calculator FAQ
  • Understanding Your Scores
  • College Codes Lookup
  • How to Send Scores
  • Request a Copy of Your Questions and Answers
  • How Schools Use Scores
  • When to Take the ACT

Other ACT Services and Products

Limited Time Offer - BOGO - Buy One ACT Test, Get One Free!

Act test prep, delivered by the experts, designed to fit your study preferences and your budget., when it comes to test prep, we've got you covered, the official act live online class, powered by kaplan.

A team of top-rated teachers show students what to study and how to study during a series of engaging live classes. Get all of your questions answered in real time.  Learn more about ACT Live Online .

Want to try before you buy? Sign up for a FREE class!

(You will be asked to sign in or create an account to purchase this product.)

The Official ACT Self-Paced Course, Powered by Kaplan

Learn anywhere, anytime with on-demand tutorials. These bite-sized lessons offer the perfect mix of structure and flexibility. Learn more about ACT Self-Paced Course .

(You will be asked to log in or create an account to purchase this product.)

The Official ACT Tutoring, Powered by Kaplan 

Learn test content and test-day strategies in individual tutoring sessions led by an expert from Kaplan, who will adapt to your needs in real time, answer your questions, and provide you with personalized recommendations.  Learn more about ACT Tutoring.

The Official ACT Prep and Subject Guides 2023-2024 Complete Set

Get everything you need to do your best on the ACT test with The Official ACT Prep & Subject Guides 2023-2024 Complete Set. The only study resource including official practice questions and full explanations covering all sections of the ACT, this set delivers maximum practice in one convenient package—and helps you save big on prep. 

The Official ACT Prep Guide 2023-2024 Edition

The ACT Official Prep Guide offers 8 full-length practice tests, 400+ digital flashcards, and helpful tips and tools to help you do your best on the ACT.  Learn more about the Prep Guide .

ACT Official Subject Guides – 2nd Edition

The Official ACT Subject Guides are individual prep books perfect for students who want to practice a specific subject to improve their test scores. With 200 new questions and explanations in each subject!  Learn more about the Subject Guides.

ACT Test Guide 2023-2024

Maybe you've been planning your future for years. Maybe you're ready to start exploring opportunities. Wherever life takes you, ACT will help you get there.

This guide was designed to make understanding all things ACT as simple as possible. With information about ACT test dates, fee waivers, and test prep, you'll find everything you need to succeed on test day.

*The dates in this document are subject to change. The most up-to-date information is available through your MyACT account.   

Get the FREE ACT Test ® Guide for 2023-2024

Want free act test prep.

Elevate your test prep with more official ACT test prep resources!

This action will open a new window. Do you want to proceed?

Welcome to ACT

If you are accessing this site from outside the United States, Puerto Rico, or U.S. Territories, please proceed to the non-U.S. version of our website.

College for Adults

Career Planning

When you decide to go to college, you are committing to make a significant investment of time and money. To help you make a wise investment, you will need to determine which careers interest you and what education you will need for those careers. Students who enter college already knowing what kind of work they want to do and what classes they need to take have a better chance of finishing college. This Career Planning unit will help you to establish your career and educational goals.

Click on What is Career Planning? below to get started.

What is Career Planning?

Occupational exploration, self-exploration, educational planning.

College of Law

Iowa law announcements.

This page will be used to share announcements for the College of Law community. If you have an announcement to add to the page, please contact [email protected] .

Announcements by Department

Admissions office, courses and curriculum.

  • For Fall 2023 information, please check out Exam Information on the Current Students page. 

Boyd Law Building (BLB)

  • The Meditation Room is now open and available for everyone at Iowa Law to use.  It is located on the 4 th floor, room 488.  Reserved hours will be listed on the door.

Campus Emergency Notifications

  • Emergency Notifications:  Hawk Alert is the campus emergency notification system. Hawk Alerts notify the campus community of immediate threats to health or physical safety using phone call, email, text message, and Alertus Desktop.
  • Outdoor Emergency Notification System:  This system includes outdoor sirens and a public address system that may be used for campus-wide critical incidents, such as a tornado or applicable severe thunderstorm warning.
  • Building Notification Systems:  These systems – NOAA weather radios, digital signage, fire alarms and/or other building-specific equipment – may be used to share information with occupants of a specific building impacted by an emergency.
  • This poster has additional information as well: ”

Financial Aid

  • Student Loan Repayment for Legal Careers Webinar - November 2 nd , 2023
  • 12:45 pm-1:45pm
  • Student loan repayment can feel overwhelming, but you can chart a path to a debt-free future based on your specific income and career trajectory. During this event, an Accredited Financial Counselor ®  from AccessLex Institute ® will cover common repayment strategies for different legal careers and essential details regarding repayment plan options, consolidation, and detailing the Public Service Loan Forgiveness. Attendees will receive an entry into the annual MAX by AccessLex ® Scholarship Drawings. 3L winners of this scholarship can use the funds to repay student debt borrowed in the 3L year.
  • Zoom Link:
  • RSVP to [email protected] for lunch by October 27 th , 2023.

Individual Financial Aid Coaching Appointments - November 2 nd , 2023

  • 9:00am  –  12:00pm and 2:00pm –  4:00pm
  • * Bring log in materials for NSLDS or Loan Servicer.

MAX by AccessLex®

  • 1L Students – Financial Foundations
  • 2L Students – Crafting Your Legal Career
  • 3L Students – Life After Law School
  • And don’t forget to attend any MAX personal finance webinars that look interesting to you for additional entries. Good luck in the upcoming drawing!

Outside Scholarship Opportunities

The $10,000 Mark T. Banner Scholarship

  • This scholarship is part of The Richard Linn American Inn of Court's commitment to fostering the development of intellectual property lawyers of high ethics, civility and professionalism, and especially those from diverse backgrounds.
  • The recipient of the scholarship receives $10,000 to be applied to their legal education. This scholarship is available to law students who have entered into a JD program at an ABA-accredited law school in the United States and who will continue in that program through at least the Fall 2024 semester. For more information about the criteria, see their website:
  • Applications need to be submitted by  December 1, 2023 . The application is available on the Linn Inn of Court’s website at

Human Resources

Field placement program.

The Field Placement Program offers students the opportunity to earn 6-14 credits (experiential) by working in nonprofit organizations, government offices, judicial chambers, and certain corporate counsel offices.  During the school year, students must complete at least 14 hours per week of field work during the semester and participate in a field placement seminar course.  The law school has pre-arranged field placements with various partners in Iowa; students may also apply for legal internships away from the law school.  Local, pre-approved placements are currently on 12Twenty and more are coming. First round deadlines are now set for Tuesday, October 24, 2023, but placements will continue to accept applications on a rolling basis .  Students must secure and enroll in the Field Placement Program by January 3 .  Before submitting applications, make an appointment ( ) and meet with Prof. June Tai to discuss your goals, interests, and proposed class schedule.  Prof. Tai reviews and approves all placements prior to enrollment and enrollment is done by the Registrar (not by the student through MyUI). 

  • Field placement program text updates:   Text @k9egh2 to the number 81010 to receive updates on application materials, deadlines, and other information related to the Field Placement Program.

Student Organizations

*new* 🍳  submit your recipe for the law school collaborative cookbook 🍜.

  • Submission Deadline: November 15, 2023
  • Send Recipes To: [email protected]
  • Interested or Have Questions? Reach out to any of the listed organizations. We cannot wait to see the culinary talent the law school has to offer! Warmest regards, - Asian Pacific American Law Student Association - Black Law Student Association - Hispanic Law Student Association -  South Asian Law Student Association (SALSA)

Student Resources

Academic success.

  • RSVP by noon on Friday to guarantee there will be enough lunch for everyone:  

Writing Center

*NEW*   You might be thinking about how to finish your final memo assignment. We’re here to help! We are sponsoring a writing workshop on November 8 from 6-9 p.m. in the Student Lounge. Come for the camaraderie; short, fun, legal writing presentations; dinner; and to have your questions answered.   Fun!  

The Writing & Academic Support Center will review complete or partial drafts of your memos this semester. If you have two or three pages of your memo that are finished (or a whole draft), why not give us a try? Note that you can schedule appointments between 24 hours and 3 days in advance of your appointment.

Schedule a tutoring appointment at:[email protected]/booking  

Contact  [email protected]  with any questions.  

International Student Directory

  • The International Student Directory serves as a means to connect our international student community and foster global connections. It includes information about each of you, your academic interests, and your cultural backgrounds. We encourage you to participate in creating this directory by submitting your information using the following link:

Unsubscribe process for University of Iowa emails

  • We understand you get a lot of emails! There is some relief available. If you would like to opt out of certain mass emails sent by the University of Iowa, there are directions on how to do so here:

U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

The .gov means it’s official. Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.

The site is secure. The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

  • Publications
  • Account settings
  • Advanced Search
  • Journal List
  • Cambridge University Press - PMC COVID-19 Collection

Logo of phecambridgeup

Simplifying the Measurement of College Students’ Career Planning: the Development of Career Student Planning Scale during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Dr. xiaoping wang.

1 Second Xiangya Hospital, Department of psychiatry, 139 Renmin Middle Road, Changsha, Hunan, China, 410011

Magnus A. Gray

1 School of Social & Behavioral Sciences, University of Arkansas at Monticello, 562 University Drive, Monticello, Arkansas 71656, USA

Minsung Kim

2 Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center, Presidio of Monterey, Monterey, CA93944, USA

Seungyeon Lee

Associated data.

Data for the experiments that is reported here is available upon request. The experiment was not preregistered.

Peer Review Summary

We created a new, 8-item scale called “Career Student Planning Scale (CSPS)” for a valid and reliable measure regarding college students’ career planning during a traumatic event, such as a pandemic. CSPS is conceptually similar to the career decision-making difficulty questionnaire (CDDQ) and the career decision self-efficacy (CDSE) scale. CSPS leans towards questions about college students’ perceptions about career planning, rather than intuitions about career decision-making; it also inquires about how participants conceptualize about their career plans to be correct, rather than the more extreme idea about how their intuitions are correct: we developed this scale to capture the latter construct. We included the coronavirus anxiety scale (CAS), CDDQ, the general procrastination scale (GPS), and the CDSE short form (CDSE-SF) as covariates to ensure that CSPS has distinct effects on their career paths. Our findings indicate the CSPS has acceptable psychometric properties and demonstrates a valuable input to those measures.

1. Introduction

Given the extensive threats caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, college students’ mental health and career planning have become critical priorities across university campuses. Due to the novelty of this pandemic, little has been investigated on the relationship between coronavirus-related anxiety and young adults’ career decision making. Mahmud et al. ( 2020 ) found that fear of COVID-19 impacts career decisions through its inherent depression issues. This coincides with other empirical findings that show (a) young adults are more anxious about their careers, and (b) this anxiety has an impact on future career plans (Campagna & Curtis, 2007 ; Mojgan et al., 2011 ). Furthermore, Işik’s ( 2012 ) study showed there is a significantly negative relationship between career decision-making self-efficacy and trait anxiety. Together, these studies indicate that anxiety affects both young adults and college students with their careers, which is why we examine whether coronavirus anxiety affects both career planning and indecision. Career measures, like the career decision-making difficulty questionnaire (CDDQ) and the career decision-making self-efficacy scale (short form) (CDSE-SF) are widely used psychometric assessments, but how researchers quantify young adults’ attitudes regarding career planning has scarcely been explored (Gati et al., 1996 ; Gray et al., 2020 ; Lee et al., 2018 ; Tomaszek & Muchacka-Cymerman, 2020 ).

2. Objective

Psychometric assessment has an important role in health assessment and research. We created the 8-item college student planning scale (CSPS) to better quantify these variables. CSPS examines college students’ career plans to identify those affected with the pandemic’s uncertainty with most issues, including occupations and careers. We also investigated the degree to which CSPS relates to pre-existing and validated measures (i.e., the coronavirus anxiety scale [CAS], CDDQ, general procrastination scale [GPS], and the career decision self-efficacy scale [CDSE-SF]) during the recent pandemic. We examined the CSPS’s factorial structure and internal validity to better establish psychometric validation of the measure.

Participants ( N =101) were originally recruited at small, liberal arts colleges in southeast Arkansas and southern California, except that one failed to answer some questions—which was excluded. Each participant voluntarily participated in the study, which was approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) at the University of Arkansas at Monticello and carried out with APA ethical standards. All participants received a copy of the consent form at the beginning of the study, and we provided debriefing after its completion. They completed the CSPS, CDDQ, GPS, and CDSE-SF in an online format and received extra credit for their involvement. The order of each questionnaire was randomized per participant to avoid an order effect. One-hundred participants were included for data analysis ( M = 22.25, SD = 6.6; 77 females and 22 males). There were 25 Black (or African-American), 67 White, and 7 identifying with “others.” Four were listed as college freshmen, 34 were sophomores, 26 were juniors, and 33 were seniors enrolled full-time. Two listed having post-baccalaureate degrees.

A simple regression analysis was conducted to see how CSPS relates to CDDQ and CDSE-SF. The coefficient alpha of CSPS was 0.85, which is a desirable value as a measure, according to Cortina ( 1993 ). The CSPS’ significant correlation coefficients used solid planning ( r = .29, p < .01) and management ( r = .28, p < .01) showing potential validity evidence of its content, whether it is valid to the extent of planning management. After assessing reliability and validity of the CSPS, a regression analysis was conducted for the impact of CAS on CSPS. Two simple regressions of the CSPS were conducted to see the impact of the CDDQ and CDSE-SF.

In all analyses, data from the CSPS, CAS, CDDQ, GPS, and CDSE-SF were used as continuous variables. Correlation coefficients among variables are shown in Table 1 . CAS consists of 5 items, so we assume the measure has a tendency to assess anxiety related to COVID-19. Results of the first simple linear regression indicates that the effect between the CAS and CSPS was insignificant. The skewness value, 3.24, indicates a positively skewed response trend. Significant findings were assessed when examining the CSPS’s correlations with CDDQ, GPS, and CDSE (see Table 1 ).

Correlations between CSPS, CDSE-SF, GPS, and CAS

p < .001 ‘***’, p < .01 ‘**’, p < .05 ‘*’

We also examined the factor structure among the given measures. Table 2 shows the item-level descriptive scale and internal consistency estimates among CSPS, CDSE-SF, GPS, CDDQ, and CAS. In the two regression analyses for CSPS, the new measure had a strong impact on CDDQ and CDSE-SF. The first CSPS simple linear regression indicated a significant effect on CDSE-SF, (F(1, 98) = 37.19, p < .001, R 2 = .28) and how CSPS was a strong predictor (t = 6.1, p < .001) of the model. The second CSPS-SF simple linear regression concluded there was a similarly significant effect on CDDQ, (F(1, 98) = 27.67, p < .001, R 2 = .22) and that CSPS was also a significant predictor (t = -5.3, p < .001) of the model.

Internal consistency estimates of CSPS, CDSE-SF, GPS, CDDQ, and CAS

5. Discussion

The current study examined the correlation between CSPS, CAS, CDDQ, GPS, and CDSE-SF. We first examined how COVID-19 anxiety affects college students and career planning; however, no correlation was shown between them. The results suggest that CAS is case-sensitive, so we caution against its use as a measure of anxiety for the general population. The CAS was newly developed in April 2020 when COVID-19 peaked and participants were a bit older (Lee, 2020 ). Previous literature shows a relationship between anxiety and career indecision (Campagna & Curtis, 2007 ; Işik, 2012 ; Mojgan et al., 2011 ; Tomaszek & Muchacka-Cymerman, 2020 ), so future research must focus on the correlation between generalized anxiety and career planning. More independent studies that investigate the psychometric properties of the CSPS are also necessary to establish the scientific rigor of this research.

No significant relationship was found between the CAS and CSPS, but our findings suggest moderate-sized correlations between CSPS-SF and CDDQ, and GPS and CDSE. A significant negative correlation was found between CSPS and CDDQ ( r = -.47, p < .001). This suggests that college students will face fewer career difficulties if they plan for their future careers, possibly with some backup vocations. We found that the CSPS is negatively correlated with the GPS ( r = -.27, p < .001), suggesting that factors related to procrastination may instigate career planning as well as decision difficulties. A significant positive relationship was found between the CSPS and CDSE-SF ( r = .52, p < .001), indicating how adequate planning for a future career may allow college students to feel more confident about this decision. Overall, our study shows that CSPS can be a reliable, unidimensional construct for career planning in university samples, along with the general population.

6. Conclusion and Future Directions

This study serves as a psychometric analysis of the CSPS during the COVID-19 pandemic. Coronavirus-related anxiety has been a serious issue affecting young adults’ career planning and decisions, so we attempted to assess if COVID-19 anxiety affects the relationship between CSPS, CDDQ, GPS, and CDSE-SF among U.S. college students. The CAS was created for researchers and health professionals to identify anxiety and uncertainty in this growing pandemic, so the quality of our measures will hopefully provide solid evidence of how these measures were in fact examined, helping researchers select the best assessment plan.

One possible explanation about not finding a significant relationship between CAS and CSPS could be that young adults do not have an excessive fear of death, on which the 5 items of CAS specifically focus. All items ask about one’s physiologically-based anxiety reaction to COVID-19-related symptoms, which many young adults may not experience. Future studies will examine generalized anxiety with these measures about whether generalized anxiety is predictive of the actual population, rather than their current involvement with the recent pandemic.

We found interesting relationships between the CSPS and other measures in this study (i.e., the CDDQ, GPS, and CDSE-SF). In conclusion, the CSPS is a promising measure with relevance to college students. The higher scores of the CDSE correspond to higher levels of CSPS, which may contribute to growing mental symptoms, suggesting that without proper planning, this can lead to distraction in daily situations, such as college learning.

The current study represents a measurement of career planning, which will help us conduct future research related to college students’ mental health and professional development, with a mediation-based personality theory and career framework. The assessment of psychometric properties promotes the selection of valid and reliable instruments, so that researchers can ensure the internal validity of their results. An empirical investigation on how COVID-19-related anxiety impacts college students and their career plans should contribute to the current literature and to future researchers involved with the COVID-19 pandemic.


We thank Drs. Jennifer Miller and Hyowon Ban for assistance with data collection, as well as Dr. Carol Zurcher for carefully reviewing and editing the manuscript. We are deeply grateful to them for their encouragement and support.

This article has been accepted because it is deemed to be scientifically sound, has the correct controls, has appropriate methodology and is statistically valid, and has been sent for additional statistical evaluation and met required revisions.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Funding information

This work was supported by the Arkansas Department of Higher Education as a form of student undergraduate research fellowship [SURF] (MG & SL, grant number 544060-2100-212111).

Author contributions

MG, MK, and SL conceived and designed the study. MG and SL conducted data collection, MG and MK performed statistical analysis, and MG, MK, and SL wrote the article.

Data availability statement

Compliance with ethical standards.

The authors assert that all procedures contributing to this work comply with the ethical standards of the relevant national and institutional committees on human experimentation and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, revised in 2008.

  • Campagna, C. G., & Curtis, G. J. (2007). So worried I don’t know what to be: Anxiety is associated with increased career indecision and reduced career certainty . Australian Journal of Guidance and Counselling , 17 , 91–96. 10.1375/ajgc.17.1.91. [ CrossRef ] [ Google Scholar ]
  • Cortina, J. M. (1993). What is coefficient alpha? An examination of theory and applications . Journal of Applied Psychology , 78 , 98–104. 10.1037/0021-9010.78.1.98. [ CrossRef ] [ Google Scholar ]
  • Gati, I., Krausz, M., & Osipow, S. H. (1996). A taxonomy of difficulties in career decision making . Journal of Counseling Psychology , 43 , 510–526. 10.1037/0022-0167.43.4.510. [ CrossRef ] [ Google Scholar ]
  • Gray, M. A., Lee, S., & Kim, M. (2020). Comparing self-reported emotional intelligence, self-efficacy, and personality traits in college students’ career decision-making: A pilot study In Lee S. (Ed.), Exploring the opportunities and challenges of college students (pp. 205–217). NOVA Science Publishers, Inc. [ Google Scholar ]
  • Işik, E. (2012). The relationship of career decision self-efficacy, trait anxiety, and affectivity among undergraduate students . Psychological Reports: Human Resources & Marketing , 111 , 805–813. 10.2466/01.09.10.PR0.111.6.805-813. [ PubMed ] [ CrossRef ] [ Google Scholar ]
  • Lee, S., Kim, M., Mendoza, J. S., & McDonough, I. M. (2018). Addicted to cellphones: Exploring the psychometric properties between the nomophobia questionnaire and obsessiveness in college students . Heliyon , 4 , e00895. . [ PMC free article ] [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ]
  • Lee, S. A. (2020). Coronavirus anxiety scale: A brief mental health screener for COVID-19 related anxiety . Death Studies , 44 , 303–401. 10.1080/07481187.2020.1748481. [ PubMed ] [ CrossRef ] [ Google Scholar ]
  • Mahmud, M. S., Talukder, M. U., & Rahman, S. M. (2020). Does ‘fear of COVID-19’ trigger career anxiety? An empirical investigation considering depression from COVID-19 as a mediator . Journal of Social Psychiatry , 67 , 1–11. 10.1177/0020764020935488. [ PMC free article ] [ PubMed ] [ CrossRef ] [ Google Scholar ]
  • Mojgan, F. N., Kadir, R. A., & Soheil, S. (2011). The relationship between state and trait anxiety with career indecision of undergraduate students . International Education Studies , 4 , 31–35. 10.5539/ies.v4n3p31. [ CrossRef ] [ Google Scholar ]
  • Tomaszek, K., & Muchacka-Cymerman, A. (2020). Thinking about my existence during COVID-19, I feel anxiety and awe—The mediating role of existential anxiety and life satisfaction on the relationship between PTSD symptoms and post-traumatic growth . International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 17 , 7062. 10.3390/ijerph17197062. [ PMC free article ] [ PubMed ] [ CrossRef ] [ Google Scholar ]

Review 1: Simplifying the Measurement of College Students’ Career Planning: the Development of Career Student Planning Scale during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Dr. teresa ober.

University of Notre Dame, Department of Psychology, E418 Corbett Family Hall, Notre Dame, Indiana, United States, 46556

Comments to the Author: Thank you for focusing your research question on such a timely and applied problem. I could see several clear uses and implications of these findings. Nevertheless, I have a few hesitations about the current draft as outlined below.


-Given the brevity of the article, I think the introduction as written is fairly successful in justifying the study and providing background.

-Further details about the participants would be helpful (e.g., age, gender, class they were enrolled in or college majors, etc.). This could be included as a table to spare the word count.

-Were the questions randomized or asked in a fixed order? I ask because it could impact an order effect.

-Since part of the aim of this paper is to examine the factor structure, it would be great to see information about the item-level scale descriptives and internal consistency estimates.

-I am not sure what this sentence means and was hoping for a further explanation, perhaps with a citation: “No significant relationship between CAS and our newly developed measure (i.e., the CSPS) was found due to the time sensitivity of CAS.

-Some grammatical issues here and there. For example,

--“CSPS leans toward questions...” I think should read, “CSPS leans towards questions…”

--“CAS developed by Lee (2020) is also relative to a new measure,…” I think should read, “CAS developed by Lee (2020) is also a relaively new measure…”


Is the article written in clear and proper English? 30% 4/5

Is the data presented in the most useful manner? 40% 3/5

Does the paper cite relevant and related articles appropriately? 30% 4/5

Does the title suitably represent the article? 25% 5/5

Does the abstract correctly embody the content of the article? 25% 4/5

Does the introduction give appropriate context? 25% 4/5

Is the objective of the experiment clearly defined? 25% 4/5

Does the discussion adequately interpret the results presented? 40% 3/5

Is the conclusion consistent with the results and discussion? 40% 4/5

Are the limitations of the experiment as well as the contributions of the experiment clearly outlined? 20% 3/5

Review 2: Simplifying the Measurement of College Students’ Career Planning: the Development of Career Student Planning Scale during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Comments to the Author: 1)The references cited in the introducyion seem susceptible, for example, how could the two early studies in 2007 and 2011 address COVID-19-related depression/anxiety and their impact on students’ future career planning? The introduction could be benefited greatly through involving more studies that were conducted in recent years and have used more reliable research methods to explain how anxiety impacts career decision-making, instead of simply leaving one correlational conclusion obtained in 2012. If such evidence is unavailable, then the importance of the whole topic will be in question.

2) The introduction does not specify on how the new scale is different from other scales (CDDQ, CDSE-SF) and why the authors bother to develop a new scale. What unique advantages can CSPS bring, at least theoretically? What academic or practical gap does this 8-item scale fill?

3) The introduction and objective sections are repetitive. Please integrate the contents into one section.

4) The authors just recruited 100 participants. Is this sample size predefined or naturally obtained? If it’s predefined, please justify it (i.e. the method of calculating sample size).

5) What method on earth did the authors use to demonstrate the unifactorial structure of CSPS?

6) Please provide detailed descriptions for all the scales used in this manuscript. It is also necessary to report the internal consistency reliability of each measurement found in the current study.

7) How can the correlations with these two factors justify the validity of the new scale? Please provide more robust evidence to establish the validity and move all the calculations in methods to the results section.

8) Due to the disproportionate gender composition, it is necessary to control gender as a covariance in the regression analysis.

9) Please provide ethical details for this study.

10) I would hesitate calling the CSPS “a psychometrically robust measure… in college samples from general population” based on the current evidence, since the psychometric properties of this scale remain questionable based on the current sample size and statistical analysis.

Is the article written in clear and proper English? 30% 3/5

Is the data presented in the most useful manner? 40% 2/5

Does the paper cite relevant and related articles appropriately? 30% 3/5

Does the title suitably represent the article? 25% 4/5

Does the abstract correctly embody the content of the article? 25% 2/5

Does the introduction give appropriate context? 25% 3/5

Is the objective of the experiment clearly defined? 25% 3/5

Is the conclusion consistent with the results and discussion? 40% 3/5

Are the limitations of the experiment as well as the contributions of the experiment clearly outlined? 20% 2/5

Career Preparation for College Students: Getting Started

Most students expect to work after college graduation. However, your job search shouldn't begin when you graduate. Career planning and preparation should occur throughout your college studies. You do not need to settle on one area to pursue right away, and you can change directions. But be sure to prepare for the long run — for your lifelong career or multiple careers.

There is a myth that if you have a college degree, you have a job. The fact is that it takes the average college graduate three to six months to secure employment after graduation. You need a career-seeking strategy and a little experience. Otherwise, you're likely to be just another résumé in a stack of hundreds.

As a future employee, a college student with a disability faces unique challenges. Like other students, you need to find a way to meet the specific qualifications of the desired job. You also need to demonstrate that you have transferable skills — in other words, skills you've acquired through education and previous work experiences. Transferable skills include communication, trouble shooting, decision making, leadership, and problem solving. These are some of the skills that cross jobs, careers, and industries. Opportunities to acquire these skills are available on campuses nationwide.

Why Participate in Work-Based Learning?

Work-based learning experiences can help choose careers, network with potential employers, select courses of study, and develop job skills directly relevant to future employment. Through the interaction of study and work experience, you can enhance your academic knowledge, personal development, and professional preparation. Specifically, work-based learning opportunities can help you:

  • Apply practical theories from classroom work.
  • Clarify academic and career interests.
  • Develop human relations skills through interaction with coworkers.
  • Develop job search skills.
  • Develop résumés and cover letters.
  • Earn academic credit.
  • Gain contacts for employment after graduation.
  • Gain exposure to specialized facilities not available on campus.
  • Identify career assistance programs.
  • Pay for your education.

As a student with a disability, work-based learning can also give you a chance to practice disclosing your disability and requesting accommodations from potential employers as well as determine which accommodations work best for you.

Many colleges offer programs that help students gain work experience before graduation. Offerings vary from campus to campus. You will need to do some research to find those best suited to you. Work-based learning options found at many post-secondary institutions include internships, cooperative education, job shadowing, service learning, independent study, informational interviews, and career services. Below are descriptions of typical services these programs offer.

What Is An Internship?

An internship is a time-limited intensive learning experience outside of the traditional classroom. You are placed in a supervised work-based learning situation with employers for planned learning activities. Internships give you broad overviews of occupational fields while providing opportunities to experience work responsibilities and develop work readiness skills. College credit may be provided, depending on your academic program.

What Is Cooperative Education?

Cooperative education programs work with students, faculty, staff, and employers to help students clarify career and academic goals and expand classroom study by participating in paid, practical work experiences. These programs provide opportunities to work in trainee positions in your fields of interest and to gain career-related experience as a part of your academic programs. Academic credit may be arranged.

What Is Job Shadowing?

Job shadowing, where you visit a business to observe one or more positions, provides you with a realistic view of one or more occupations. You observe essential functions of occupational areas of interest. Experiences vary in time from one hour to a full day, depending on the amount of time employers can provide, as well as your level of interest. Job-shadowing experiences offer opportunities for career exploration. However, they do not typically generate academic credit.

What Is Service Learning?

Service learning programs offer you opportunities to become a concerned, informed, and productive citizen by providing community service in non paid, volunteer positions. These programs increase the relevancy of academic learning by giving you opportunities to apply knowledge and skills while making contributions to your local community. Academic credit may or may not be arranged, depending on your field of study.

What Is an Independent Study?

It is often possible for you to earn academic credit for work experiences outside of a structured career-based program. Many academic programs allow independent studies as optional program components. If you choose to take this option, you would work one-on-one with an individual faculty member to develop projects for credit. Projects can range from research papers to work experience within your field of study. Work experience, coupled with documentation such as a journal or paper, is an excellent way to practice and demonstrate the skills you've learned in college.

What Is an Informational Interview?

Informational interviews, where you meet with people working in your chosen careers to ask questions about particular occupations or companies, allow you to gain personal perspectives on your career interests. Through informational interviews, you can learn more about your career interests from the people who work in the field every day. Those experiences do not typically generate academic credit.

What Is Career Services?

A career services office provides a variety of career and job search services to students and alumni. It acts as a liaison between students, alumni, faculty, staff, and prospective employers by organizing campus interviews, employer information, and career fairs. Many career services offices also provide job listings and job lines for students and alumni to access in their search for employment. Some help students develop career plans and job search skills through individual counseling and job search workshops.

Which Employers Participate in Work-Based Learning?

Federal and state agencies and public, private, and nonprofit businesses seek college students for placements across the country and overseas. The majority of opportunities are for sophomores and above, but some employers also offer opportunities to freshmen and high school students as well. Microsoft, Boeing, USDA Forest Service, Weyerhaeuser, IBM, NASA, U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, and the President's Committee on Employment of People with Disabilities are just a few of the thousands of employers nationwide who offer valuable work-based learning opportunities to students.

Who Are the Team Players?

Many work-based learning opportunity providers are committed to assisting all students, including students with disabilities, as they prepare to enter the professional world. If you are...

A college student with a disability:

  • Register with campus work-based learning programs, such as career services and cooperative education, so they can notify you of work-based learning opportunities.
  • Participate in available orientations, seminars, workshops, and individual counseling sessions to effectively enhance your job search skills.
  • Let the work-based learning and disabled student services coordinators know what types of accommodations you may need to effectively perform in a work setting.
  • Access local support networks and disability services organizations that may be able to aid you in your job search.

An employer:

  • Update your position announcements and notify work-based learning coordinators of new positions.
  • Work in partnership with work-based learning centers to proactively develop strategies to encourage students with disabilities to participate in your work environment.
  • Educate your staff regarding diversity.

A faculty member, staff, teacher, or counselor:

  • Encourage students with disabilities to gain work experiences.
  • Invite staff members from cooperative education, career services, and other campus programs to speak to your classes.
  • Encourage employers to recruit students with disabilities for work opportunities.

Disabled student services:

  • Encourage students to register and participate in work-based learning programs on campus.
  • Be proactive in students' academic and career plans.
  • Let them know how accommodations are provided in the workplace.
  • Help campus work-based learning programs recruit and accommodate students with disabilities.

How Can You Get Started?

  • C is for Careers . Think about what interests you. Be imaginative, then narrow down the list.
  • A is for Academics . Determine which academic programs best suit your career goals.
  • R is for Research . Research careers that spark your interests, maximize your strengths, and minimize your weaknesses.
  • EE is for Experiential Education . Practice job search skills. Apply for internships, service learning, cooperative education programs, or other work-based learning opportunities.
  • RS is for Relevant Skills . Use on-the-job experience to learn practical "real world" skills. Apply what you've learned in school to the workplace. Test which accommodations work best for you.

A short video, It's Your Career , may be freely viewed online along with a publication by the same title. It can be purchased in DVD format from DO-IT.

Questions and answers, case studies, and promising practices can be found in the searchable The Employment Office Knowledge Base .

Online Resources

For websites and online resources that provide information on accommodations, disclosure, and advice for people with disabilities who wish to start their own business, see the Employment page of Disability Related Resources on the Internet.


  1. Career/College Portal

    college student career planning

  2. 5 Steps To Achieving Your Career Goals

    college student career planning

  3. College & Career Planning

    college student career planning

  4. Minnesota State

    college student career planning

  5. Self-Directed Career Planning Guide

    college student career planning

  6. College/Career

    college student career planning


  1. College Planning Part 1

  2. Successful Business Entrepreneur Shares her college planning experience with Brian Safdari and CPE!

  3. College planning

  4. What's Great about StudyLab?

  5. Watch this video before going to University

  6. Student Loans Episode #007: Planning for College


  1. Survey: Students want choice in orientation sessions

    Share the most innovative feature or content of your fall 2023 orientation. Nearly all students want choice in some of the orientation sessions they'll attend, according to a new Student Voice survey. Topics of interest include internships and career planning, mental health, time management, and study skills.

  2. Guide students planning for college and careers with ...

    College Board's BigFuture is a free online planning guide on a mission to help students take the right first step after high school. With BigFuture, students can explore almost 1,000 career profiles to discover careers they're interested in, find degrees and colleges that best fit their needs, and find guidance on paying for college to help ...

  3. College Student Career Development

    Academic achievement represents an important aspect of a college student's career development. A student must demonstrate adequate academic performance to remain in college, and most college students aspire to a career that requires a college degree. ... Pp. 483-511 in Career Counseling: Applied Concepts of Life Planning. 6th ed. Pacific ...

  4. First-generation college students: Explore career options/plan, Nov. 8

    First-generation college students: Explore career options/plan, Nov. 8. Posted by BSOS Feller Center, Career Planning on October 25, 2023. ... "A first-generation college student at UMD is defined as "a student whose parent(s)/legal guardian(s) have not completed a bachelor's degree," which means that you will be the first one to begin ...

  5. Career Planning

    Career Services: Offers support for resume and cover letter writing, job search and job development, labor market research and salary information, on-campus employment and work study, and career advising. Academic Advising: Help students attain their educational goals by providing information, encouragement, and the necessary tools to navigate ...

  6. Career Planning

    EducationPlanner is a great starting point. Identify your skills and interests and then explore some suitable careers that you may enjoy. Career Planning Checklists Follow our simple checklists to view the steps you can take now to work toward long-term career success. Find Careers

  7. Career Planning for College Students

    Career Planning for College Students Want to get a good job after college? Use these tips to jump-start your career while you are in school. Most students go to college to get a degree and to gain the skills employers want. Getting good grades is not enough to impress most employers.

  8. Seattle Exploration Trek Provides Students with Career-Building

    Through initiatives such as the Career Exploration Trek program, CP&R connects Scripps students to an expanded network of alums and professionals from across The Claremont Colleges. Career Exploration Treks began in 2015, when Clare Shaw '11 offered to host a group of students at her Bay Area employer.

  9. Map Out a Career Plan

    A 4-Year Action Plan: Career Exploration and Planning at Pitzer College. This video, initially aimed toward Pitzer parents and family members, offers an overview of Pitzer's career development resources and describes a general 4-year process of career exploration and planning for Pitzer students.

  10. Prediction and Influencing Factors of College Students' Career Planning

    College students' career planning refers to the process of establishing their own career development goals based on the analysis of their own subjective and objective factors, searching for a career, and taking necessary actions to achieve their career goals.

  11. Simplifying the Measurement of College Students' Career Planning: the

    Simplifying the Measurement of College Students' Career Planning: the Development of Career Student Planning Scale during the COVID-19 Pandemic Subject: Psychology and Psychiatry Published online by Cambridge University Press: 06 January 2021 Magnus A. Gray , Minsung Kim and Seungyeon Lee Article Figures Peer reviews Metrics Save PDF Cite Abstract

  12. Career Planning for College Students

    Career planning is a personal activity that occurs throughout a working lifetime. In most societies, the career center you find yourself in will influence your income, lifestyle, prestige, location, and association.

  13. The College Student's Guide to Career Planning : Career Services ...

    Career planning is learning about yourself and the world of work and then planning your career choices based on what you've learned. Knowing what you know about yourself, how do various occupations match up with your interests, skills, personality, and values? An effective career planner is someone who: Views a plan as subject to change.

  14. 14 Career Advice Tips for College Students

    Updated March 10, 2023 College can provide you with many opportunities to help start your professional career. During this time, it's important to focus on your career aspirations, plan for the future and consider any suggestions that can help propel your advancement in your chosen field.

  15. 12.2 Your Map to Success: The Career Planning Cycle

    The Career Planning Cycle helps us apply some concrete steps to figuring out where we might fit into the work world. If you follow the steps, you will learn about who you truly are, and can be, as a working professional. You will discover important knowledge about the work world.

  16. College and Career Planning Checklist

    Take the PSAT/NMSQT View Details Explore careers View Details Review your PSAT/NMSQT score View Details Explore your AP Potential™ View Details Second Semester Meet with the school counselor View Details Decide which AP courses to take next year View Details

  17. Career Plan For Students

    Your career plan is based on exploration and informed choice. Students who invest the time and energy to think about what is important to them typically know the type of work they would like to do and set smart goals to graduate on time. They often carry less debt and spend less time switching from job to job trying to find direction.

  18. (PDF) Research on Career Planning of College Students

    Luo (2016) üniversite öğrencilerinin kariyer planlamasında, en iyi kariyer hedeflerini ve rotasını planlama olarak, objektif analiz yapmanın çok yönlü kariyer gelişimine katkı sunacağını...

  19. Make a Career Plan

    8 Steps to an Effective Career Plan Identify Your Career Options. Develop a refined list of career options by examining your interests, skills, and values through self-assessment. Narrow your career options by reviewing career information, researching companies, and talking to professionals in the field.

  20. 4.3 Making a Plan

    To complete a 60-credit associate's degree in two years, you would need to take 15 credits (about five classes) in the fall and spring semesters during both years of your attendance. To complete a 120-credit bachelor's degree in four years, you would need to take 15 credits in the fall and spring semesters each of your four years.

  21. College and Career Planning

    . Students should begin researching high schools and preparing for their high school exams prior to seventh grade. Attend parent-teacher conferences and school activities. Talk with teachers about how your child is doing in school and monitor your child's progress. Families of High School Students Continue doing the activities mentioned above, and:

  22. ACT Test Preparation

    Get everything you need to do your best on the ACT test with The Official ACT Prep & Subject Guides 2023-2024 Complete Set. The only study resource including official practice questions and full explanations covering all sections of the ACT, this set delivers maximum practice in one convenient package—and helps you save big on prep.

  23. College & Career Planning

    Xello is Florida's official, K-12 career planning and work-based learning coordination provider. Xello empowers every student to design a personalized plan for the future by providing a high-quality career development experience that's modern and visually appealing, interactive, and age-appropriate. It has been professionally translated ...

  24. Career Planning

    Career Planning. When you decide to go to college, you are committing to make a significant investment of time and money. To help you make a wise investment, you will need to determine which careers interest you and what education you will need for those careers. Students who enter college already knowing what kind of work they want to do and ...

  25. Iowa Law Announcements

    Warmest regards,- Asian Pacific American Law Student Association- Black Law Student Association- Hispanic Law Student Association - South Asian Law Student Association (SALSA) Student Resources Academic Success Next Tuesday Talk-About-It is Nov. 7, 12:35 to 1:20pm (in BLB 225). The topic will be "Tackling an Essay Exam for a Touchdown."

  26. Simplifying the Measurement of College Students' Career Planning: the

    1. Introduction Given the extensive threats caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, college students' mental health and career planning have become critical priorities across university campuses.

  27. 7 Examples of Career Goals for College Students

    Career goals for college students are academic or job-related objectives students use to determine their career path and measure their progress toward that path. Goals act as tangible representations of a student's efforts. For example, setting a goal to graduate at the top of their class to pursue a job at a prestigious engineering company is ...

  28. Career Preparation for College Students: Getting Started

    Career planning and preparation should occur throughout your college studies. You do not need to settle on one area to pursue right away, and you can change directions. But be sure to prepare for the long run — for your lifelong career or multiple careers. There is a myth that if you have a college degree, you have a job.