How Print Multiplication Worksheet Help Kids Learn
When it’s time to move on to multiplication from addition and subtraction, students are often challenged by the prospect of memorizing these facts. Printable multiplication worksheets can help kids learn.
Learning multiplication facts can be a daunting task, especially when you think about the many facts that have to be committed to long-term memory. Instead of jumping right in and moving straight to memorization, start with the basics that relate addition to multiplication. If five plus five plus five equals 15, explain the transition of multiplying five times three to equal 15.
You can also make arrays to illustrate multiplication facts to help children visualize the problems.
When it’s time to start focusing on memorizing multiplication facts, start simple. Multiplying by zero doesn’t get any easier, nor does multiplying by one. Teach the basics of multiplication by having kids memorize these easiest facts.
This might be the time to introduce a multiplication table to allow kids to see how they can find multiplication products by tracing horizontal rows and vertical columns to the point they meet.
Using Multiplication Printables
Multiplication tables and charts are an ideal way to help kids visualize how multiplication facts fit together.
Printable tables will include all of the facts for each number. For example, with the four times facts, the table will begin with four times zero and will list all of the facts through the last one, four times 12. Kids can spend time reviewing each fact to begin memorizing.
A printable multiplication chart will have numbers one through 10 along the top and vertically along the left side of the chart with a grid making up the chart. In each grid space, the product is shown where the column and row intersect. For example, the top row of the chart will show the one facts, and the second row of the chart will show the two facts. Printing a multiplication chart can help kids with memorization.
Where to Find Printable Multiplication Pages
Many websites have printable multiplication pages that you can download and print off for students to use as they learn. Some charts and tables are customizable, while others are preformatted and you simply download them as-is.
Games of Math Multiplication
Kids are usually happiest to learn when they can have fun as they do it. Using games as a teaching resource can help kids practice multiplication facts while they enjoy a game at the same time. Games might be speed challenges to see how quickly kids can enter the right answer to multiplication facts. Games might also be target practice with kids needing to shoot the target with the correct answer. Another fun game involves a multiplication fact appearing and a number of balloons with numbers on them. Your child would need to pop the balloon with the correct answer.
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What is the IRS Form 8812?
Written by a TurboTax Expert • Reviewed by a TurboTax CPA
If you have children and a low tax bill, you may need IRS Form 8812 to claim all of your Child Tax Credit.
Changes to the Additional Child Tax Credit
Qualifying children requirement, for 2021 only - stimulus impact on the child tax credit for 2021, exceptions to the qualifying child requirement, income limitations, you have to have earned income, how to file form 8812, improper claims.
Did you know that you may be able to use Form 8812 to receive the Child Tax Credit and the Additional Child Tax Credit — even if you don't owe any federal income taxes? In 2022, if the total credit amount for all of your qualifying children exceeds the amount of tax you owe for the year, the IRS requires you to prepare Schedule 8812 to claim this amount. For 2021 only, the schedule is used to claim the dependent credits and determine if you have to pay back any excess advanced child tax credits you received in 2021. Let's take a look at how to prepare and file this form.
For tax years prior to 2018, federal tax law allowed you to claim a Child Tax Credit of up to $1,000 for each qualifying child you claimed as a dependent on your tax return. Beginning in 2018, the Child Tax Credit doubled to $2,000 per qualifying child, and through the Additional Child Tax Credit , you can claim up to $1,500 for 2023.
Before you can claim the Additional Child Tax Credit on Form 8812, you'll need to evaluate whether your dependents meet all qualifying child requirements of the original Child Tax Credit. The child can be your:
- Blood or step sibling
- Foster child or the descendants of any of the above (such as a niece or grandchild)
The child has to be younger than 17 at the end of the tax year and cannot provide more than half of their own financial support. Finally, each child you claim a credit for has to have have lived with you for more than half of the tax year. However, even if the child meets all of those requirements, you can't claim the credit unless you claim them as a dependent on your tax return; your mere eligibility to claim the child is insufficient.
Child Tax Credit Changes
The American Rescue Plan raised the maximum Child Tax Credit in 2021 to $3,600 for qualifying children under the age of 6 and to $3,000 per child for qualifying children ages 6 through 17. Before 2021, the credit was worth up to $2,000 per eligible child, and 17 year-olds were not eligible for the credit.
The Child Tax Credit changes for 2021 include lower income limits than the original Child Tax Credit. Families that do not qualify for the credit using these income limits are still eligible for the $2,000 per-child credit using the original Child Tax Credit income and phase-out amounts.
In addition, the entire credit is fully refundable for 2021. This means that eligible families can get it, even if they owe no federal income tax and completing IRS Form 8812 will not be required for 2021.
New, Temporary Advance Child Tax Credit Payments
The Child Tax Credit has been expanded by the American Rescue Plan Act, that was enacted in March of 2021. Part of this expansion is to advance the 2021 tax credit to families by sending them direct payments during the last half of 2021 rather than having them wait until they prepare their 2021 taxes in 2022. Most families do not need to do anything to get their advance payment. Normally, the IRS will calculate the payment amount based on your 2020 tax return. Eligible families should receive advance payments, either by direct deposit or check.
The amount that you receive will be reconciled to the amount that you are eligible for when you prepare your 2021 tax return. Most families will receive about one-half of their tax credit through the advance payments. If you receive too little, you will be due an additional amount on your tax return. In the unlikely event that you receive too much, you might have to pay the excess back, depending on your income level.
For updates and more information, please visit our 2021 Child Tax Credit blog post.
TurboTax Tip: If you claim the Child Tax Credit, Credit for Other Dependents, or the Additional Child Tax Credit in error, you might not be able to claim any of those credits for two years. You might also have to pay penalties for erroneous claims.
The IRS provides some exceptions to the requirement that the child lives with you for more than half of the tax year. This includes any child that was born but then passed away within the same tax year, as long as your home was where the child had lived.
The IRS also treats your child as living with you when they're away at school or in a juvenile detention facility, or when you're away on business, receiving medical treatment, or on active duty in the military. A noncustodial parent may also claim the credit if the custodial parent agrees not to claim the credit or claim the child as a dependent.
If you meet all other requirements but the amount of tax you owe at the end of the year is either zero or an amount that's less than the credit, you can't claim the full Child Tax Credit of $2,000. However, you may be eligible for the reduced Additional Child Tax Credit by completing Schedule 8812 with your tax return.
For most taxpayers, the credit may be reduced if you have adjusted gross income that's higher than the threshold that applies to your filing status. For example, if you file as single, head of household, married filing separately, or qualifying widow(er) taxpayer for the 2023 tax year and have more than $200,000 in adjusted gross income ($400,000 for joint filers), the credit reduces as the amount exceeding the limit increases.
When you prepare Schedule 8812 and calculate the Child Tax Credit you're eligible for, you need to calculate the amount of gross income that you earn. This amount will be entered on line 6a. Your earned income includes income you receive from work or by actively engaging in a business. It doesn't include most of the taxable income you earn from investing, such as the interest from a savings account or the profit you earn from trading stocks during the year. Unemployment benefits do not count as earned income, either.
You will first need to complete the form using the Schedule 8812 instructions and then enter the results on your Form 1040. You'll need to include the completed schedule with you tax return.
You'll use Form 8812 to calculate your Additional Child Tax Credit. For 2023, there are two parts to this form:
- Part I: should be completed by all filers to claim the basic Child Tax Credit. In Part I, you'll enter information from your Form 1040 and calculate your credit amount.
- Part II-A: complete to claim the Additional Child Tax Credit.
- Part II-B: complete if have three or more qualifying children or are a bona fide resident of Puerto Rico.
- Part II-C: total up your additional child tax credit and use this amount to claim the credit on your Form 1040.
If you claim the Child Tax Credit, Credit for Other Dependents, or the Additional Child Tax Credit in error, you might be barred from claiming any of those credits for two years if it’s determined that your error was due to reckless or intentional disregard of the CTC, ODC, or ACTC rules. If the IRS determines the error to be due to fraud, you won't be able to claim any of those credits for 10 years. You'll might also have to pay penalties for erroneous claims.
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Irs schedule 8812: child tax credit form.
IRS Schedule 8812 is the section on Form 1040 that needs to be filled out to claim the federal additional child tax credit . The additional child tax credit is considered a refundable credit which means that it entitles qualifying taxpayers to claim a refunded amount of the child tax credit if it exceeds their tax liability after factoring in the child tax credit .
The additional child tax credit is worth up to $1,400 per child for tax year 2019. So, if you owe $0 in federal taxes but are eligible for the additional tax credit, you could earn up to $1,400 per qualifying dependent in 2019.
The United States federal tax law allows you to claim refundable credits on your tax return for qualifying children, which can lead to some pretty significant savings. Based on the amount of qualifying dependents you claim on your tax return, the IRS might require you to fill out Form 8812. IRS Form 8812 will need to be filed alongside your 1040, 1040A or 1040NR at the time of your tax return, and can’t be requested later in the tax year.
Before you miss out on what could be some well-deserved savings, read up on the rules regarding Schedule 8812 to learn if you qualify and how you can claim the child tax credit.
What is Form 8812?
The Schedule 8812 Form is found on Form 1040, and it’s used to calculate the alternative refundable credit known as “the additional child tax credit”. For example, if the amount you owe in taxes is either zero or less than the credit, you cannot claim the full child tax credit of $2,000. You might be able to qualify for the additional child tax credit, however, by filling out IRS Form 8812.
Qualifying child requirement
In the United States, taxpayers are able to claim a tax credit of up to $1,000 per year for qualifying dependent children as of 2017. In order for the child to qualify, the following must be true:
- They must be a U.S. citizen, national, or resident
- They must under the age of 17 by the end of the calendar tax year
- They must live with you for more than half the year
- They must receive over half of their support from you
You can claim a tax credit for each child, stepchild, adopted child, or grandchild who fits this definition. The amount of credit owed to you will vary based on your income level, but if your total credit amount exceeds the amount of tax that you owe, the IRS requires you to file Form 8812.
Exceptions to qualifying child requirement
If your dependent did not live with you for more than half of the tax year, you may still qualify for the child tax credit if one of the following circumstances apply:
- The child was born and passed away in the same tax year and lived in your home while they were alive
- The dependent was away at school or in a detention facility; or you were away on business, receiving medical attention, or on active military duty
Note: Noncustodial parents may claim the credit so long as the custodial parent does not claim the credit or an exemption for the same child.
What are the Benefits of Child Tax Credits?
Always file your tax return and accompanying Schedule 8812—even if you don’t owe any taxes. A tax credit reduces your annual bill dollar-for-dollar, and with enough qualifying credits you could lower your tax bill so much that the government actually owes you money, resulting in a tax refund. Depending on how you request your refund, your money can be returned to you in the form of a mailed check or direct deposit into your bank account.
The Stimulus Act of 2009 made it much easier to qualify for the additional child tax credit by lowering the earned income threshold. As a result, many taxpayers with modest income stand to benefit from larger returns.
Do I Qualify for Child Tax Credit on Form 8812?
The terms and conditions of Schedule 8812 stipulate that you must have earned income if you’re planning on claiming the additional tax credit. When reading the instructions for Form 8812, you’ll find that you need to report the amount of your gross income earned from wages and other job-related compensation in order to calculate the amount of your alternative credit.
The formula to calculate your credit amount is complex, and will be reduced if your gross income exceeds the threshold of your filing status. If you have one or more qualifying children and earn an income of at least $2,500, you may be eligible for a refund of up to 15% for any income in excess of $2,500. If your earned income is under $2,500 dollars, you might be entitled to a refunded credit if:
- You have three or more qualifying dependents
- You paid Social Security taxes which exceeded your earned income credit
Be sure to check the withholding amount submitted on your Form W-4 before filling out Form 8812. If you didn’t withhold enough money for taxes on your paychecks, you might owe the IRS money and will not be able to receive a refunded amount. As always, it’s best to consult a tax professional to see whether or not you qualify for the additional child tax credit or any other deductions that might be available to you.
Can I File Schedule 8812 if I’m Divorced?
In instances of divorce or separation, only one taxpayer can claim the child credit on Schedule 8812. Usually the parent with primary custody is awarded the credit, however IRS Publication 596 states that a noncustodial parent can claim a child as dependent if the following are true:
- The parents are divorced or legally separated
- Lived apart at all times for the past 6 months, whether or not they were married
- The child received over half of their support from the parents and/or lived with one or both parents for over half the year
To receive the credit, the noncustodial parent must receive a signed Form 8812 from the custodian stating that he or she will not claim the dependent on their tax return. They will then submit that documentation alongside their own Form 1040 to the IRS.
Note: Taxpayer identification numbers are needed by the due date of your return. If you do not have a Social Security number (SSN) or an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) issued by the IRS at the time your return is due, you cannot claim the child tax credit—even if you get a SSN or ITIN later on.
Form 8812 Instructions
The instructions for IRS Form 8812 are broken up into three parts. Part I should be completed by all filers unless you have filed Form 2555, which disqualifies you from claiming the additional child tax credit.
The IRS states that if you claimed the additional child tax credit on your return, but were later found ineligible due to reckless or blatant disregard for the rules, you will not be able to claim the credit for two years. It’s therefore incredibly important to enlist the help of a tax professional to prevent improper claims and ensure you get the money that’s owed to you. We’ve helped thousands of clients for all their tax related needs—from preparation to resolution—and look forward to helping you, too. Contact us today for assistance with the IRS and learn what we have to offer.
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What is Schedule 8812?
Thomson Reuters Tax & Accounting
September 7, 2023 · 5 minute read
Explanation of the form used to claim the additional child tax credit.
In an effort to provide financial relief to families, Schedule 8812 is an IRS form designed to help taxpayers maximize their tax benefits for qualifying children through the additional child tax credit. When filing a federal income tax return, Schedule 8812 is attached to Form 1040 .
Alongside Form 2441 , which is used to claim the child and dependent care tax credit , Schedule 8812 is one of several tax forms that help families claim tax credits for dependents. From an accountant’s perspective, it is important to understand the key aspects of Schedule 8812 and other child and dependent tax credits to help your clients offset some of the costs associated with raising children.
In this article, we’ll explore the intricacies of Schedule 8812 and discuss how tax professionals can best assist their clients in claiming the additional child tax credit.
What is the additional child tax credit?
The additional child tax credit is an extension of the child tax credit and is designed to assist families who might not fully benefit from the regular child tax credit due to their low tax liability. If the credit amount exceeds the tax liability, the IRS may refund the difference up to a certain limit.
It is important to note that the child tax credit and credit for other dependents are both nonrefundable credits, while the additional child tax credit is refundable. For eligible families, it can help alleviate some of the financial burdens associated with raising children.
Schedule 8812 is the IRS tax form designed to help eligible taxpayers claim the additional child tax credit.
Schedule 8812 instructions
Schedule 8812 requires information about each qualifying child, including their name, Social Security Number, and relationship to the taxpayer. Additionally, the form requires certain financial figures, such as earned income and nontaxable combat pay.
The Schedule 8812 instructions guide taxpayers through the process of calculating the additional child tax credit using a multi-step formula. This formula considers factors like earned income, the number of qualifying children, and the taxpayer’s tax liability.
Accountants should advise clients to thoroughly read and follow the Schedule 8812 instructions to avoid errors and ensure accurate tax credit calculations.
What is a Schedule 8812 U.S. principal abode?
When it comes to Schedule 8812, the term “U.S. principal abode” refers to the main home where a child lived for more than half of the tax year. This is a determining factor in qualifying for the additional child tax credit as it helps establish the child’s residency and the extent of financial support provided by the taxpayer.
What is the CP08 notice?
The IRS sends a CP08 notice to inform taxpayers that they may be eligible for an additional child tax credit. Completing the additional child tax credit worksheet on Form 15110 will help determine if the taxpayer is entitled to a refund.
Typically, this situation occurs because the taxpayer filed an original return with the IRS listing dependent children but did not claim the additional child tax credit.
Completing Form 15110 and Schedule 8812
If your client receives a CP08 notice, advise them to follow these instructions on completing Form 15110:
- Read the notice carefully.
- Complete the Additional Child Tax Credit Worksheet on Form 15110 . If the worksheet confirms you have at least one qualifying child, sign and date the Form 15110, and complete Form 1040 (Schedule 8812), Credits for Qualifying Children and Other Dependents .
- Mail both the Form 15110 and Form 1040 (Schedule 8812) in the envelope provided.
Helping clients with Schedule 8812
As a tax professional, your role in assisting clients with Schedule 8812 is crucial in ensuring accurate filings and maximizing potential benefits.
Take the time to explain the purpose of Schedule 8812 and the significance of the additional child tax credit. Break down the eligibility criteria and emphasize the impact it can have on reducing tax liability or even resulting in a refund.
Gathering and reviewing the necessary documents is also a fundamental step. Help your clients compile information about qualifying children, ensuring accurate Social Security Numbers, and relationships. Additionally, guide them in organizing income-related documents like W-2 forms .
Lastly, be sure to stay informed on relevant legislative changes and updates to tax law. Consider implementing an integrated tax research tool to help you keep abreast of any modifications to child tax credits as this can influence calculations.
At the end of the day, assisting your clients with Schedule 8812 involves clear communication, meticulous document handling, staying updated on tax laws , and offering support in case of IRS notices. By guiding clients through this process, you can contribute to their financial well-being and offer them peace of mind during tax season.
Tax software for Schedule 8812
With shifting IRS regulations and the need for error-free documentation, more and more accountants are turning to scan-and-populate solutions that automate the tax preparation process and integrate with AI-powered tax research tools.
If you’re an accountant looking to better serve your clients, SurePrep’s integration with Thomson Reuters UltraTax CS ® and GoSystem Tax RS can help you reduce manual data entry and optimize client tax credits.
The AI-powered combination of 1040SCAN , SPbinder , and TaxCaddy integrate with your existing tax software to automate each phase of the tax prep process. Together with Checkpoint Edge , you can be sure you are properly interpreting IRS tax legislation for child tax credits.
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Child Tax Credit
This program can reduce the amount of taxes owed for each qualifying child.
undefined Child Tax Credit?
The Child Tax Credit program can reduce the Federal tax you owe by $1,000 for each qualifying child under the age of 17.
Important changes to the Child Tax Credit will help many families receive advance payments of the credit starting in summer 2021. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) will pay half the total credit amount in advance monthly payments beginning July 15, 2021. You will claim the other half when you file your 2021 income tax return. These changes apply to tax year 2021 only.
To be eligible for this benefit program, the child you are claiming the credit for must be under the age of 17.
A qualifying child must be a son, daughter, foster child, brother, sister, stepbrother, stepsister, or a descendant of any of them (for example, your grandchild, niece, or nephew). An adopted child, lawfully placed with you for legal adoption, is always treated as your own child.
Visit IRS’s website to view unique eligibility criteria for Advanced Child Tax Credit Payments in 2021 .
No application is needed to use this program. However, you must file your taxes using the guidelines posted on the Schedule 8812 (Form 1040 or 1040A, Child tax Credit page.
Based on the tax information you provided, the IRS will determine if you qualify and automatically enroll you for advance payments in 2021. You do not need to take any additional action to get advance payments.
If you aren’t required to file a tax return and haven’t given IRS your information already, you will need to submit some basic information to receive the Child Tax Credit. Use the non-filer sign-up tool by November 15, 2021.
For more information, visit the Child Tax Credit at a Glance page , or www.irs.gov/forms.
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Child Tax Credit
December 14, 2022
Editor’s Note: The article below outlines the rules for the Child Tax Credit for tax years beyond 2021. To find rules that apply for 2021, check out our Child Tax Credit stimulus changes article.
The Child Tax Credit is a valuable tax benefit claimed by millions of American parents with the goal of offsetting the costs of raising a child. The Child Tax Credit is worth up to $2,000 for each qualifying child for 2022.
Is the Child Tax Credit Refundable?
This credit can be both a nonrefundable and a refundable tax credit . The refundable portion of the Child Tax Credit is called the Additional Child Tax Credit.
Who Qualifies for the Child Tax Credit?
The Child Tax Credit qualifying child eligibility includes the following:
- The qualifying child must be under age 17 at the end of the year.
- The qualifying child must be one of these:
- U.S. citizen
- U.S. national
- U.S. resident
The taxpayer and child must meet other eligibility requirements to qualify, including relationship, joint return, and Social Security number authentication factors as well.
Don’t leave money on the table
File your taxes to claim the Child Tax Credit. Our tax pros can help you file in person or virtually, or you can file on your own online.
Divorced and Separated Parents
The Child Tax Credit requirements apply to divorced or separated parents. However, if the parents have a qualifying agreement for the noncustodial parent to claim the child, the noncustodial parent who claims the child as a dependent is eligible to claim the Child Tax Credit.
A parent can claim the child tax credit if their filing status is Married Filing Separately.
The Child Tax Credit amounts change as your modified adjusted gross income (AGI) increases. In fact, once you reach a certain threshold, the credit decreases or phases out.
And the credit is reduced $50 for every $1,000 — or fraction thereof — that your modified AGI is more than:
- $200,000 if filing as single, head of household, or qualifying widow (er)
- $400,000 if married filing jointly
- $200,000 if married filing separately
For the purpose of this credit, your modified adjusted gross income ( MAGI ) is your AGI plus excluded foreign earned income , possession income, and foreign housing.
Additional Child Tax Credit
If your Child Tax Credit is limited because of your tax liability, you might be able to claim the additional Child Tax Credit. To qualify, one of these must apply:
- Your earned income must be more than $2,500 for 2022
- You must have three or more qualifying children.
If you have at least one qualifying child, you can claim a credit of up to 15% of your earned income in excess of the earned income threshold, $2,500.
If you have three or more qualifying children, you can either:
- Claim a refundable credit of the net Social Security and Medicare tax you paid in excess of your Earned Income Credit (EIC) , if any
- Use the 15% method described earlier
The maximum refundable portion of the credit is limited to $1,500 per qualifying child.
More Child Tax Credit Requirements and Rules
You can’t carry forward any portion of the Child Tax Credit to future tax years. You need to claim the nonrefundable credits in a certain order to get the most benefit. You might need to calculate other credits first to properly apply the credit.
While the maximum credit is $2,000 total per qualifying child, taxpayers who don’t have that much tax liability may instead be subject to the lower $1,500 refundable credit limit.
To Learn More About schedule 8812
Whether you make an appointment with one of our knowledgeable tax pros or choose one of our online tax filing products , you can count on H&R Block to help you complete your Schedule 8812.
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