Albert Einstein

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albert einstein scientific papers



“The Lord God is subtle, but malicious he is not.”

Albert Einstein, 1921


from 1901-1922

Albert Einstein wrote his first scientific essay in the summer of 1895; he was only 16 years old. This essay “Über die Untersuchung des Ätherzustandes im magnetischen Felde” (On the Investigation of the State of the Ether in a Magnetic Field) was sent to his uncle Caesar Koch (1854-1941) for an expert’s opinion. In an accompanying letter to his uncle the young Einstein wrote: “If you are not going to read this stuff I will not be annoyed at all; but at least you have to recognize it as a shy attempt to fight against my being a bad letter writer, which I inherited from both my beloved parents.” Einstein’s first “scientific work” has never been published.

The list of Einstein’s scientific publications that is presented here begins with the work “Folgerungen aus den Capillaritätserscheinungen” (Conclusions Drawn from the Phenomena of Capillarity) from the year 1901 and ends with the work “Vier Vorlesungen über Relativitätstheorie” (Four Lectures on the Theory of Relativity) from the year 1922.

The list is planned to be continued until Einstein’s last scientific publication from the year 1954.

During the years from 1901 to 1954 Albert Einstein published more than 300 scientific works! He got his – annus mirabilis – in 1905. He revolutionized the physics of his time with 5 works he published that year. One of these works was about the Special Theory of Relativity. It was published in the annals of physics titled “Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper” (On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies). The General Theory of Relativity was published in several articles. The final version was published in March 1916 titled “Die Grundlage der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie” (The Foundation of the General Theory of Relativity). It was published in the annals of physics, too.

albert einstein scientific papers

Einstein also very often spoke about scientific works of his colleagues. This happened, among other things, in the way that his statements were published in specialist journals. These “public debates” are not regarded in this list. Neither are the many published essays of Einstein that are not scientific ones but have a somewhat more general character.

The present PDF list of Einstein’s scientific publications is presented chronologically. The years stated represent the respective year in which the essay was published. The titles of the essays are listed in the language, in which the essays were published. There is no translation for these titles. The essays which Einstein wrote in cooperation with other scientists, are listed with the name of the respective scientist. Furthermore the essay is mentioned together with its respective edition and the number of the page. With some publications completing information is provided.

The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein

All the named publications in the list are, i.e. will be published in the book series The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein and commented in detail.

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The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein

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The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein presents the first complete picture of a massive written legacy that ranges from Einstein's first work on the special and general theories of relativity and the origins of quantum theory, to his active involvement with international collaboration and cooperation, human rights, education, and disarmament.

The large-format published volumes draw upon Einstein’s personal papers held at the Albert Einstein Archives and more than 40,000 additional Einstein and Einstein-related documents discovered by our researchers since the 1980s.

When completed, the printed series will contain over 14,000 scientific and non-scientific documents and will fill close to 30 volumes.

We work closely with the Einstein Archives. To learn more about the history of Einstein’s personal papers click here .


albert einstein scientific papers

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Einstein’s papers

The collected papers of Albert Einstein Vol 6: The Berlin years, 1914-1917 Editors. Martin J. Klein, Robert Schulmann Translator: Alfred Engel 1997 Princeton University Press 449pp $89.50

This volume, sixth in an ongoing series of works by Princeton University Press, contains some of Albert Einstein’s more important papers on quantum theory and general relativity. Early versions of some of these papers had numerous inaccuracies in the text. This was because of the “publish or be damned” attitude prevalent at the time. Many scientists rushed to get their work published, and common mistakes crept into their papers as aspects of proof reading were overlooked.

The editors of this edition, along with the translator have tried to correct many of these errors, and have made notes in the margins where these corrections have been made. The translation itself is very close to the original German, and the editors have done an excellent job in building such a collection of unique papers together.

Einstein was one of the leading giants of twentieth century physics, and every physicist should at one time read one of his papers.

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Albert Einstein


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  6. Scientific publications

    During the years from 1901 to 1954 Albert Einstein published more than 300 scientific works! He got his – annus mirabilis – in 1905. He revolutionized the

  7. The 1905 Papers

    It is an English translation of all his writings, while the second book is where the four 1905 papers were published in the original German.

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    The large-format published volumes draw upon Einstein's personal papers held at the Albert Einstein Archives and more than 40,000 additional Einstein and

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    This volume, sixth in an ongoing series of works by Princeton University Press, contains some of Albert Einstein's more important papers on quantum theory

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